USA v. Albert Navarro
UNPUBLISHED OPINION FILED. [13-50513 Affirmed ] Judge: EGJ , Judge: PEH , Judge: PRO Mandate pull date is 10/31/2014 for Appellant Albert Adam Navarro [13-50513]
Date Filed: 10/10/2014
IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT
United States Court of Appeals
October 10, 2014
Lyle W. Cayce
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
ALBERT ADAM NAVARRO, also known as Alberto Navarro, also known as
Albert A. Navarro,
Appeals from the United States District Court
for the Western District of Texas
USDC No. 5:12-CR-188-1
Before JOLLY, HIGGINBOTHAM and OWEN, Circuit Judges.
PER CURIAM: *
Albert Adam Navarro appeals his conviction following a jury trial of
possession of a firearm by a convicted felon.
We review for an abuse of
discretion the district court’s refusal to instruct the jury on the affirmative
defense of justification. See United States v. Branch, 91 F.3d 699, 711 (5th Cir.
1996). In the light of the evidence adduced at trial that Navarro possessed the
rifle at issue when there was no imminent or impending threat, that he had
Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not
be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH
CIR. R. 47.5.4.
Date Filed: 10/10/2014
recklessly or negligently placed himself in the situation which he claimed
necessitated possession of the rifle, and that he could have continued relying
on police protection as a reasonable legal alternative to violating the law, the
district court did not abuse its discretion by denying the instruction. Id.; see
United States v. Posada-Rios, 158 F.3d 832, 873 (5th Cir. 1998).
With regard to Navarro’s arguments that two comments made by the
prosecutor during closing arguments warranted a mistrial, we apply a two-step
test on review. United States v. McCann, 613 F.3d 486, 494 (5th Cir. 2010).
First, we review de novo whether the remarks were improper. See id. If either
of the comments was improper, we review under the abuse of discretion
standard whether the impropriety affected Navarro’s substantial rights such
that his motion for a mistrial should have been granted. See id. Even if both
comments were improper, Navarro has failed to show that the district court
abused its discretion in the light of both the cautionary instruction given to the
jury and the evidence of Navarro’s guilt adduced at trial. See id. at 496-97.
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