USA v. Edgar Flores-Soto
UNPUBLISHED OPINION FILED. [14-20283 Affirmed ] Judge: PEH , Judge: EHJ , Judge: SAH Mandate pull date is 04/21/2015 for Appellant Edgar Miguel Flores-Soto [14-20283]
Date Filed: 03/31/2015
IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT
United States Court of Appeals
March 31, 2015
Lyle W. Cayce
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
EDGAR MIGUEL FLORES-SOTO, also known as Edgar Miguel Flores, also
known as Edgar Flores, also known as Edgar Flores Soto,
Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Southern District of Texas
USDC No. 4:13-CR-558
Before HIGGINBOTHAM, JONES, and HIGGINSON, Circuit Judges.
PER CURIAM: *
Edgar Miguel Flores-Soto appeals his sentence following his guilty plea
conviction for illegal reentry after deportation. He raises two arguments. He
first contends that his prior conviction for aggravated robbery under Texas
Penal Code § 29.03(a)(2) does not constitute a crime of violence pursuant to
U.S.S.G. § 2L1.2 and that the district court therefore erred in assessing the 16-
Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not
be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH
CIR. R. 47.5.4.
Date Filed: 03/31/2015
level enhancement of § 2L1.2(b)(1)(A)(ii). He also argues that his aggravated
robbery offense fails to qualify as a crime of violence under the residual “force”
clause, as the offense does not require the use, attempted use, or threatened
use of force against another person. See § 2L1.2 cmt. n.1(B)(iii).
With respect to Flores-Soto’s first argument, he claims that his prior
aggravated robbery offense does not qualify as the offense of robbery, as
enumerated in § 2L1.2, because his Texas statute of conviction incorporates all
Chapter 31 theft offenses under the Texas Penal Code, including theft by
deception. He argues that theft by deception falls outside the generic definition
of theft and that the Texas aggravated robbery statute therefore criminalizes
conduct outside the generic meaning of robbery. However, a decision by this
court, issued after Flores-Soto filed his initial brief, forecloses his argument.
See United States v. Rodriguez-Salazar, 768 F.3d 437, 438 (5th Cir. 2014).
Because theft by deception under Texas law does not deviate from the generic
crime of theft, Flores-Soto’s argument is unavailing. Id.; see also United States
v. Hernandez-Mejia, 588 F. App’x 376 (5th Cir. 2014).
Accordingly, the district court did not err in assessing the 16-level
enhancement of § 2L1.2(b)(1)(A)(ii).
Because Flores-Soto’s prior offense
qualifies as the enumerated offense of robbery under § 2L1.2’s definition of a
crime of violence, we do not address his second argument that his prior
conviction is not a crime of violence under the residual “force” clause of that
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