USA v. Juan Morales-Leon


UNPUBLISHED OPINION FILED. [15-41217 Affirmed] Judge: CDK, Judge: JLD, Judge: GJC. Mandate pull date is 01/05/2017 for Appellant Juan Morales-Leon; granting motion for summary affirmance filed by Appellee USA [8304488-2]; denying motion to extend time to file appellee's brief filed by Appellee USA [8304488-3] [15-41217]

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Case: 15-41217 Document: 00513798968 Page: 1 Date Filed: 12/15/2016 IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT No. 15-41217 Summary Calendar United States Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit FILED December 15, 2016 Lyle W. Cayce Clerk UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee v. JUAN MORALES-LEON, also known as Juan L. Morales, Defendant-Appellant Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas USDC No. 5:15-CR-209-1 Before KING, DENNIS, and COSTA, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM: * Juan Morales-Leon appeals the sentence imposed following his guilty plea conviction for illegal reentry following deportation in violation of 8 U.S.C. § 1326. He contends that the district court committed reversible plain error by classifying his 1997 Illinois conviction for aggravated criminal sexual abuse as a crime of violence under 18 U.S.C. § 16(b) and, thus, an aggravated felony for purposes of § 1326(b)(2). Morales-Leon argues that his prior conviction does Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH CIR. R. 47.5.4. * Case: 15-41217 Document: 00513798968 Page: 2 Date Filed: 12/15/2016 No. 15-41217 not qualify as an aggravated felony pursuant to 8 U.S.C. § 1101(a)(43)(F) because, under the reasoning in Johnson v. United States, 135 S. Ct. 2551 (2015), the crime of violence definition in § 16(b) is unconstitutionally vague. The Government has filed an unopposed motion for summary affirmance asserting that Morales-Leon’s arguments are foreclosed by our recent decision in United States v. Gonzalez-Longoria, 831 F.3d 670 (5th Cir. 2016) (en banc), petition for cert. filed (Sept. 29, 2016) (No. 16-6259). In the alternative, the Government requests an extension of time in which to file a brief on the merits. The Government is correct that Gonzalez-Longoria forecloses MoralesLeon’s facial vagueness challenge to § 16(b), as well as his challenge to our application of § 16(b) on due process grounds. See id. at 677. Accordingly, the Government’s motion for summary affirmance is GRANTED, the alternative motion for an extension of time to file a brief is DENIED, and the judgment of the district court is AFFIRMED. 2

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