USA v. Geronimo Cruz


UNPUBLISHED OPINION FILED. [16-11747 Affirmed] Judge: EGJ, Judge: PRO, Judge: CH. Mandate pull date is 10/12/2017 for Appellant Geronimo Cruz; granting motion for summary affirmance filed by Appellee USA [8520166-2]; denying motion to extend time to file appellee's brief filed by Appellee USA [8520166-3] [16-11747]

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Case: 16-11747 Document: 00514165459 Page: 1 Date Filed: 09/21/2017 IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT No. 16-11747 Summary Calendar United States Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit FILED September 21, 2017 Lyle W. Cayce Clerk UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. GERONIMO CRUZ, Defendant-Appellant. Appeal from the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas USDC No. 3:16-CR-19-1 Before JOLLY, OWEN, and HAYNES, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM: * Geronimo Cruz pleaded guilty to illegally reentering the United States and received a 33-month prison sentence to be followed by three years of supervised release. On appeal, Cruz argues that the district court violated his right to due process by imposing a prison term greater than the two-year maximum sentence authorized under 8 U.S.C. § 1326(a) because his indictment did not allege that he had a prior conviction permitting a higher sentence under § 1326(b). Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH CIR. R. 47.5.4. * Case: 16-11747 Document: 00514165459 Page: 2 Date Filed: 09/21/2017 No. 16-11747 The Government has filed an unopposed motion for summary affirmance, asserting that Almendarez-Torres v. United States, 523 U.S. 224 (1998), forecloses Cruz’s argument. Cruz concedes that his argument is foreclosed and explains that he raises it only to preserve it for further review; thus, summary affirmance is appropriate. See Groendyke Transp., Inc. v. Davis, 406 F.2d 1158, 1162 (5th Cir. 1969). Accordingly, the Government’s motion for summary affirmance is GRANTED. The judgment is AFFIRMED. The Government’s alternative motion for an extension of time to file a brief is DENIED. 2

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