USA v. Steve Carroll
UNPUBLISHED OPINION ORDER FILED. [16-50054 Dismissed as Frivolous] Judge: EGJ , Judge: WED , Judge: LHS Mandate pull date is 05/02/2017; denying motion to proceed IFP filed by Appellant Mr. Steve McGary Carroll [8162974-2] [16-50054]
Date Filed: 04/11/2017
IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT
United States Court of Appeals
Fif h Circuit
April 11, 2017
Lyle W. Cayce
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
STEVE MCGARY CARROLL,
Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Western District of Texas
USDC No. 1:03-CR-275-4
Before JOLLY, DAVIS, and SOUTHWICK, Circuit Judges.
PER CURIAM: *
Steve McGary Carroll, federal prisoner # 25236-056, seeks leave to
proceed in forma pauperis (IFP) on appeal from the district court’s denial of his
18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) motion for reduction of sentence based on Amendment
782 to the Sentencing Guidelines.
By moving to proceed IFP, Carroll is
challenging the district court’s certification that his appeal was not taken in
good faith. See Baugh v. Taylor, 117 F.3d 197, 202 (5th Cir. 1997). Our inquiry
Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not
be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH
CIR. R. 47.5.4.
Date Filed: 04/11/2017
into a litigant’s good faith “is limited to whether the appeal involves legal
points arguable on their merits (and therefore not frivolous).” Howard v. King,
707 F.2d 215, 220 (5th Cir. 1983) (internal quotation marks and citation
The Supreme Court has prescribed a two-step inquiry for a district court
that is considering a § 3582(c)(2) motion. Dillon v. United States, 560 U.S. 817,
826 (2010). The court must first determine whether a prisoner is eligible for a
reduction as set forth in U.S.S.G. § 1B1.10. Id. If he is eligible, then the district
court must “consider any applicable [18 U.S.C.] § 3553(a) factors and determine
whether, in its discretion,” any reduction is warranted under the particular
facts of the case. Id. at 827.
The district court properly concluded that Carroll was ineligible for a
reduction because he was sentenced pursuant to a Federal Rule of Criminal
Procedure 11(c)(1)(C) plea agreement, which stipulated a particular sentence
without reference to the Guidelines. See United States v. Benitez, 822 F.3d
807, 811-12 (5th Cir. 2016). As Carroll was not sentenced under a Guideline
lowered by Amendment 782, the district court did not abuse its discretion when
it denied his motion.
Thus, Carroll has failed to show that he will raise a nonfrivolous issue
on appeal. See Howard, 707 F.2d at 220. Accordingly, his IFP motion is
DENIED. Because his appeal is frivolous, it is DISMISSED. 5TH CIR. R. 42.2.
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