In re: Christopher Frank


UNPUBLISHED OPINION ORDER FILED. [17-30172 Affirmed] Judge: PRO, Judge: JWE, Judge: GJC; denying motion to file successive petition filed by Movant Mr. Christopher Frank [8440574-2]; denying motion for the appointment of a neuropsychological expert filed by Movant Mr. Christopher Frank [8440591-2] [17-30172]

Download PDF
Case: 17-30172 Document: 00513946915 Page: 1 Date Filed: 04/10/2017 IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT No. 17-30172 United States Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit FILED April 10, 2017 Lyle W. Cayce Clerk In re: CHRISTOPHER FRANK, Movant Motion for an order authorizing the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana, New Orleans to consider a successive 28 U.S.C. § 2255 motion Before OWEN, ELROD, and COSTA, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM: * Christopher Frank, federal prisoner # 01160-748, seeks authorization to file a successive 28 U.S.C. § 2255 motion challenging his sentence to life imprisonment for conspiring to distribute cocaine and cocaine base. A jury convicted Frank of that offense and two firearms charges in 1999, and he received a concurrent five-year prison sentence and a consecutive ten-year prison sentence for the firearms offenses. His life sentence resulted from the district court’s application of U.S.S.G. § 2A1.1 and the cross-reference found at U.S.S.G. § 2D1.1; the district court found that various murders committed in furtherance of the conspiracy constituted relevant conduct for purposes of sentencing. Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH CIR. R. 47.5.4. * Case: 17-30172 Document: 00513946915 Page: 2 Date Filed: 04/10/2017 No. 17-30172 Frank argues that authorization to file a successive § 2255 motion is warranted in light of Miller v. Alabama, 132 S. Ct. 2455 (2012), which established a new rule of constitutional law that was made retroactively applicable to cases on collateral review in Montgomery v. Louisiana, 136 S. Ct. 718, 736–37 (2016). He contends that Miller renders his life sentence unconstitutional because (1) he was sentenced under a mandatory scheme to life in prison without the possibility of parole; (2) he was a juvenile—between the ages of 14 and 17—when four of the murders in question were allegedly committed, and he was a “young adolescent”—ages 18 and 19—when the other murders were committed; and (3) the district court did not make an individualized sentencing decision. We will grant authorization if, as relevant here, Frank makes a prima facie showing that his proposed claim relies on a new rule of constitutional law that the Supreme Court has made retroactive to cases on collateral review. § 2255(h)(2); see 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(2)(A), (3)(C). Regardless of whether the guidelines-derived mandatory life sentence fell within the Supreme Court’s limitations, Miller is unhelpful to Frank. The relevant conduct that formed the basis for the cross-reference to § 2A1.1 included murders that occurred after he had attained age 18. Thus, Frank has not demonstrated that Miller entitles him to authorization to file a successive § 2255 motion. See § 2255(h)(2). Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED that the motion for authorization to file a second or successive § 2255 motion is DENIED. Frank’s motion for the appointment of a neuropsychological expert is also DENIED. 2

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.

Why Is My Information Online?