USA v. Mario Gonzalez-Zavala
UNPUBLISHED OPINION FILED. [17-40120 Affirmed] Judge: WED, Judge: LHS, Judge: SAH. Mandate pull date is 08/02/2017 for Appellant Mario Gonzalez-Zavala; granting motion for summary affirmance filed by Appellant Mr. Mario Gonzalez-Zavala [8476156-2] [17-40120]
Date Filed: 07/12/2017
IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT
United States Court of Appeals
July 12, 2017
Lyle W. Cayce
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Southern District of Texas
USDC No. 7:16-CR-710-1
Before DAVIS, SOUTHWICK, and HIGGINSON, Circuit Judges.
PER CURIAM: *
Mario Gonzalez-Zavala pled guilty to importing into the United States
500 grams or more of methamphetamine and one kilogram or more of heroin,
in violation of 21 U.S.C. §§ 952(a) and 960(a)(1), (b)(1). He was sentenced to
175 months in prison and three years of supervised release. Gonzalez-Zavala
now asserts that the factual basis for his guilty plea was inadequate because
the Government failed to meet its obligation to prove that he had knowledge of
Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not
be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH
CIR. R. 47.5.4.
Date Filed: 07/12/2017
the particular types and quantities of controlled substances involved in his
As Gonzalez-Zavala concedes, his argument is foreclosed by United
States v. Betancourt, 586 F.3d 303, 308–09 (5th Cir. 2009), which held that
Flores-Figueroa v. United States, 556 U.S. 646 (2009), did not overturn United
States v. Gamez-Gonzalez, 319 F.3d 695 (5th Cir. 2003), and that the
Government is not required to prove knowledge of the drug type and quantity
as an element of a 21 U.S.C. § 841 drug trafficking offense.
knowledge of drug type and quantity is not an element that must be proven for
an offense under two related drug importation statutes, §§ 952(a) and 960(a).
United States v. Restrepo-Granda, 575 F.2d 524, 527 (5th Cir. 1978); see United
States v. Valencia-Gonzales, 172 F.3d 344, 345–46 (5th Cir. 1999). Thus, the
Government was not required to prove that Gonzalez-Zavala knew the drug
types and quantities involved in his drug importation offense. See United
States v. Zuniga-Martinez, 512 F. App’x 428, 428–29 (5th Cir. 2013) (rejecting
a similar challenge to a conviction for importing a controlled substance as
foreclosed by Betancourt, Restrepo-Granda, and Valencia-Gonzales).
Accordingly, Gonzalez-Zavala’s motion for summary disposition is
GRANTED, and the district court’s judgment is AFFIRMED.
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?