USA v. Patrick Bridge
Per Curiam OPINION filed : AFFIRMED, decision not for publication pursuant to local rule 206. Helene N. White, Circuit Judge; Jane Branstetter Stranch, Circuit Judge and Jerome Farris, Appellate Judge for the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, sitting by designation.
NOT RECOMMENDED FOR FULL-TEXT PUBLICATION
File Name: 12a0413n.06
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE SIXTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
PATRICK WAYNE BRIDGES,
Apr 16, 2012
LEONARD GREEN, Clerk
ON APPEAL FROM THE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT
COURT FOR THE WESTERN
DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
BEFORE: WHITE, STRANCH, and FARRIS, Circuit Judges.*
PER CURIAM. Patrick Wayne Bridges appeals the district court’s order denying his motion
to dismiss the indictment.
In 2001, Bridges was convicted of misdemeanor domestic violence in a Michigan court. The
trial court did not impose a term of incarceration, but sentenced Bridges to one year of probation.
In 2010, Bridges was indicted for possessing a firearm after being convicted of a misdemeanor crime
of domestic violence, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(9). Bridges moved to dismiss the
indictment, arguing that despite his domestic violence conviction, he was not prohibited from
possessing a firearm because he qualified for one of the exceptions to the firearm restriction listed
in 18 U.S.C. § 921(a)(33)(B)(ii). The district court denied the motion, concluding that Bridges did
not qualify for the exception. Bridges pleaded guilty to the firearm charge, reserving his right to
The Honorable Jerome Farris, Circuit Judge for the United States Court of Appeals for the
Ninth Circuit, sitting by designation.
United States v. Bridges
appeal the district court’s denial of his motion to dismiss the indictment. The district court sentenced
Bridges to 21 months in prison.
On appeal, Bridges argues that the district court erred by denying his motion to dismiss the
indictment. We review de novo matters requiring statutory interpretation. Roberts v. Hamer, 655
F.3d 578, 582 (6th Cir. 2011). Section 922(g)(9) prohibits an individual who has been convicted of
a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence from possessing a firearm. Section 921(a)(33)(B)(ii)
provides, as relevant here, that “[a] person shall not be considered to have been convicted of such
an offense . . . if the conviction . . . is an offense for which the person . . . has had civil rights restored
(if the law of the applicable jurisdiction provides for the loss of civil rights under such an offense).”
Under Michigan law, misdemeanants lose their civil rights only while confined in a correctional
facility. See Mich. Comp. Laws § 168.758b.
Bridges argues that, under § 921(a)(33)(B)(ii), individuals in his position, who are not
subjected to a loss of their civil rights as a result of their conviction, should be treated equivalently
to individuals who lose their civil rights and subsequently have those rights restored. This court
reached such a conclusion in United States v. Wegrzyn, 305 F.3d 593 (6th Cir. 2002). In 2007,
however, the Supreme Court held that the “civil rights restored” clause in the analogous provision
of § 921(a)(20) does not apply to an offender such as Bridges who lost no civil rights. See Logan
v. United States, 552 U.S. 23, 37 (2007). Further, the Court noted that the words “civil rights
restored” in § 921(a)(33)(B)(ii) do not cover a person whose civil rights were never taken away. Id.
at 36-37. Under the reasoning of Logan, which we are bound to follow, see Smith v. Cupp, 430 F.3d
766, 773 n.3 (6th Cir. 2005), Bridges does not qualify for an exception to the firearm restriction in
§ 922(g)(9), and the district court properly denied his motion to dismiss the indictment.
United States v. Bridges
Accordingly, we affirm the district court’s order.
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