Diane Wells v. Craig & Landreth Cars, Inc., et al
Per Curiam OPINION filed: AFFIRMED, decision not for publication pursuant to local rule 206. Damon J. Keith; Boyce F. Martin , Jr. and Julia Smith Gibbons, Circuit Judges.
NOT RECOMMENDED FOR FULL-TEXT PUBLICATION
File Name: 12a0364n.06
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE SIXTH CIRCUIT
Plaintiff - Appellant
CRAIG & LANDRETH CARS, INC.; J.P.
MORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A., Auto
Finance; KENTUCKY TELCO FEDERAL
CREDIT UNION; FIRST AMERICAN
CREDCO; TRANS UNION, LLC,
CAPITAL ONE AUTO FINANCE, INC.
Defendant - Appellee.
Apr 04, 2012
LEONARD GREEN, Clerk
ON APPEAL FROM THE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT
COURT FOR THE WESTERN
DISTRICT OF KENTUCKY
Before: KEITH, MARTIN, and GIBBONS, Circuit Judges.
PER CURIAM. Diane Wells, a pro se Kentucky resident, appeals a district court order that
dismissed her claims against Capital One Auto Finance, Inc. (Capital One), alleging violations of
the Kentucky Consumer Protection Act, Ky. Rev. Stat. § 367.170, the Kentucky Uniform Electronic
Transactions Act, Ky. Rev. Stat. § 369.105, the Fair Credit Reporting Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1681b, and
the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1691.
Wells sued a car dealership (Craig & Landreth), a credit reporting company, and several
lending institutions, including Capital One. Wells had signed a purchase order for an automobile
with Craig & Landreth. However, Wells alleged that she never completed a credit application with
-2the dealership and that she told the dealership that she would seek financing from her credit union.
Nevertheless, Craig & Landreth made an electronic application for credit on her behalf with several
lending institutions, including Capital One. Capital One declined to extend Wells credit after
making an inquiry into her credit history.
The district court granted Capital One’s motion for dismissal on November 19, 2010. See
Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6). Wells then filed a timely appeal.
We review the dismissal of Wells’s claims against Capital One de novo. See Grinter v.
Knight, 532 F.3d 567, 571-72 (6th Cir. 2008). “[O]nce a claim has been stated adequately, it may
be supported by showing any set of facts consistent with the allegations in the complaint.” Bell Atl.
Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 563 (2007). However, the complaint must provide “enough facts
to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.” Id. at 570.
Wells’s claims were wholly conclusory insofar as she alleged that Capital One violated the
Kentucky Consumer Protection Act and the Kentucky Uniform Electronic Transactions Act. In this
regard, the district court properly noted that Wells had not alleged any facts that might support an
inference that Capital One acted in an unfair, false, misleading, or deceptive manner, as required for
consumer-protection claims under Kentucky law. See Ky. Rev. Stat. § 367.170; Sparks v. Re/Max
Allstar Realty, Inc., 55 S.W.3d 343, 348 (Ky. Ct. App. 2000).
Wells now argues that she has a viable claim under Kentucky common law regarding her
right to privacy. She did not, however, raise a privacy claim against Capital One in her amended
complaint. We do not address a claim that is presented for the first time on appeal unless failure to
do so would result in a miscarriage of justice. See Overstreet v. Lexington-Fayette Urban Cnty.
Gov’t, 305 F.3d 566, 578 (6th Cir. 2002). No such miscarriage of justice would occur in this case.
-3The district court properly found that Wells had not alleged that Capital One discriminated
against her for any of the reasons that are proscribed by the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, 15 U.S.C.
§ 1691(a). Instead, Wells alleged that Capital One violated that Act by failing to use one of the
model application forms that are set forth in an appendix to the corresponding regulations. This
claim is unavailing because the cited regulation plainly states that “[a]ll forms contained in this
appendix are models; their use by creditors is optional.” 12 C.F.R. § 202, App. B.
In her remaining claim, Wells alleged that Capital One violated the Fair Credit Reporting Act
by accessing her credit report without her written authorization. See 15 U.S.C. § 1681b(a)(2). The
Act allows disclosure of credit information to an entity that “intends to use the information in
connection with a credit transaction” that involves extending credit to the consumer. 15 U.S.C.
§ 1681b(a)(3)(A). There is nothing in Wells’s amended complaint which might show that Capital
One had reason to believe that she did not wish the dealership to file an application on her behalf.
Thus, her allegations are insufficient because they do not indicate that Capital One intended to
violate her rights under the Act or that it did so recklessly.
Finally, Wells argues that the district court should have allowed her more time to discover
evidence. However, Wells did not move for additional time for discovery or seek more time to
respond to Capital One’s motion to dismiss. The district court acted within its discretion by ruling
on the dismissal motion in light of the allegations in Wells’s second amended complaint.
The district court’s judgment is affirmed.
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