Jerry Grove v. Gene Hansen and Sons Trucking
Per Curiam OPINION filed : AFFIRMED, decision not for publication pursuant to local rule 206. Boyce F. Martin , Jr., Circuit Judge; Eric L. Clay, Circuit Judge and Joseph M. Hood, U.S. District Judge for the Eastern District of Kentucky.
NOT RECOMMENDED FOR FULL-TEXT PUBLICATION
File Name: 12a0728n.06
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE SIXTH CIRCUIT
JERRY A. GROVE,
GENE HANSEN AND SONS TRUCKING,
Jul 05, 2012
LEONARD GREEN, Clerk
ON APPEAL FROM THE UNITED
STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR
THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF
Before: MARTIN and CLAY, Circuit Judges; HOOD, District Judge.*
PER CURIAM. Jerry A. Grove, a Michigan resident proceeding pro se, appeals the district
court judgment dismissing his employment discrimination complaint filed pursuant to the Age
Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), 29 U.S.C. §§ 621–34, and Title VII, 42 U.S.C.
Grove worked for Gene Hansen and Sons Trucking as a general laborer doing maintenance,
cleaning work, physical labor, and other tasks. After his employment was terminated, he filed a civil
rights complaint alleging that he was discriminated against because of his age. A magistrate judge
ultimately recommended that summary judgment be granted to the defendant. Upon de novo review
of the magistrate judge’s report, the district court granted summary judgment to the defendant.
On appeal, Grove argues that the defendant misstated facts; that the court erred in not
ordering the defendant to provide certain documents in discovery; that Grove was not part of a
workforce reduction; and that the defendant discriminated against him on the basis of his age.
The Honorable Joseph M. Hood, United States District Judge for the Eastern District of
Kentucky, sitting by designation.
-2The district court’s judgment is reviewed de novo. Dowling v. Cleveland Clinic Found., 593
F.3d 472, 476 (6th Cir. 2010). Summary judgment is appropriate where “there is no genuine dispute
as to any material fact and the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law.” Fed. R. Civ. P.
56(a); see also Jones v. Muskegon Cnty., 625 F.3d 935, 940 (6th Cir. 2010).
Grove alleges that the defendant discriminated against him on the basis of his age. To
establish a prima facie claim under the ADEA, a plaintiff must show that he or she was: (1) a
member of a protected class; (2) subjected to an adverse employment action; (3) qualified for the
position; and (4) replaced by someone outside the protected class. Schoonmaker v. Spartan Graphics
Leasing, LLC, 595 F.3d 261, 264 (6th Cir. 2010). Where an individual is terminated as part of a
workforce reduction, the fourth prong requires that the plaintiff “provide additional direct,
circumstantial, or statistical evidence tending to indicate that the employer singled out the plaintiff
for discharge for impermissible reasons.” Geiger v. Tower Auto., 579 F.3d 614, 622–23 (6th Cir.
2009) (citation and internal quotation marks omitted). “A plaintiff may establish a violation of the
ADEA by either direct or circumstantial evidence.” Provenzano v. LCI Holdings, Inc., 663 F.3d 806,
811 (6th Cir. 2011). If the plaintiff establishes a prima facie case, the burden shifts to the defendant
to show that the plaintiff was terminated for a legitimate, nondiscriminatory reason. The plaintiff
can then challenge that reason by showing that the defendant’s proffered reason was actually a
pretext for discrimination. McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Green, 411 U.S. 792, 802–04 (1973); see
also Geiger, 579 F.3d at 622.
We conclude that, whether we assess Grove’s termination under the workforce reduction
analysis or as a general termination, his ADEA claim fails because Grove has not provided sufficient
evidence supporting the fourth prong of his claim. Although he has repeatedly argued that he has
a witness that can testify that younger workers were hired to replace him, he has never offered any
significant information about that witness or provided the witness’s testimony to the court. Further,
although Grove claimed that other employees told him that his work was given to younger workers,
he has not provided statements from those employees or described in any detail what their testimony
would be. Cf. Schoonmaker, 595 F.3d at 265–67. Even if Grove had established a prima facie case,
-3the defendant provided unrefuted evidence demonstrating that Grove was fired for nondiscriminatory
reasons. Grove has failed to introduce evidence establishing a genuine issue of material fact and the
district court did not err in granting the defendant’s motion for summary judgment on the existing
Similarly, Grove has not established that he was entitled to any additional discovery. We
review decisions regarding the scope of discovery for an abuse of discretion. Hahn v. Star Bank, 190
F.3d 708, 719 (6th Cir. 1999). Grove has not explained how the information he seeks would support
his prima facie case or rebut the defendant’s evidence of a nondiscriminatory motive. Further, he
has not explained why the material that he was previously provided addressing the same topics was
The district court’s judgment is affirmed.
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