Aaron Raiser v. Corporation of the President o, et al
Per Curiam OPINION filed : AFFIRMED the district court's judgment, decision not for publication pursuant to local rule 206. Boyce F. Martin , Jr., Circuit Judge; Eric L. Clay, Circuit Judge and Joseph M. Hood, U.S. District Judge for the Eastern District of Kentucky.
NOT RECOMMENDED FOR FULL-TEXT PUBLICATION
File Name: 12a0855n.06
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE SIXTH CIRCUIT
Aug 07, 2012
LEONARD GREEN, Clerk
) ON APPEAL FROM THE UNITED
) STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR
CORPORATION OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE ) THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF
CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER) OHIO
DAY SAINTS; LDS FAMILY SERVICES; LDS )
SOCIAL SERVICES; DOES 1-10,
Before: MARTIN and CLAY, Circuit Judges; HOOD, District Judge.*
PER CURIAM. Aaron Raiser, a California resident proceeding pro se, appeals a district
court judgment granting summary judgment to the defendants in this diversity of citizenship case
filed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1332.
Seeking monetary relief, Raiser alleged that while he was living in Ohio with his parents, he
had a verbal altercation with a church bishop of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. The
bishop subsequently asked an assistant bishop, who was a psychologist, to evaluate Raiser. Raiser
had one therapy session with the assistant bishop in 1988. The assistant bishop allegedly disclosed
the contents of his conversation with Raiser to the bishop, who then communicated the session to
Raiser’s father. The bishop purportedly ordered Raiser’s father to commit Raiser to a mental
institution. Raiser was committed to an institution in January 1989, released in March 1989, and re-
The Honorable Joseph M. Hood, United States District Judge for the Eastern District of
Kentucky, sitting by designation.
-2committed in December 1990. Raiser escaped the mental institution in 1991, and fled to Utah.
Raiser alleged a breach of fiduciary duty, a breach of confidence, professional malpractice, and
The defendants moved for summary judgment. A magistrate judge denied, in part, Raiser’s
subsequent motion to amend his complaint and denied his motion for discovery. Raiser objected to
the magistrate judge’s decisions. The district court granted the defendants’ motion for summary
judgment and dismissed the case without ruling on Raiser’s objections to the magistrate judge’s
In his timely appeal, Raiser argues that the district court erred by granting summary judgment
to the defendants; by denying his motion for leave to amend his complaint to include additional
claims; and by denying his motion for discovery.
We review a grant of summary judgment de novo. Dixon v. Gonzales, 481 F.3d 324, 330 (6th
Cir. 2007). Summary judgment is proper “if the movant shows that there is no genuine dispute as
to any material fact and the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(a).
Raiser argues that the district court erred by granting summary judgment without considering
his breach of confidence claim. Raiser asserts that he raised a legitimate cause of action under
Biddle v. Warren Gen. Hosp., 715 N.E.2d 518 (Ohio 1999). However, Biddle is inapplicable to this
case because the cause of action only applies to physicians or hospitals who disclose nonpublic
medical information to a third party. Biddle, 715 N.E.2d at 523.
Raiser admittedly discovered his injury in 2003 when he was informed by the General
Counsel of Brigham Young University, which he was attending, that the Church had disclosed his
psychiatric history. On the basis of this disclosure, Raiser sued the Church and the University in the
United States District Court for the District of Utah in September 2004. The district court granted
the defendants’ motion for summary judgment on February 7, 2006, dismissing the action in its
Because Raiser was aware of the disclosure in 2003, but did not file his complaint in this case
until 2010, his breach of fiduciary duty claim is barred by Ohio’s four-year statute of limitations.
-3Ohio Rev. Code § 2305.09(D); Union Sav. Bank v. Lawyers Title Ins. Corp., 946 N.E.2d 835, 844
(Ohio Ct. App. 2010). His claim for injury to his reputation resulting from his involuntary
commitment is barred by the two-year statute of limitations contained in Ohio Revised Code
§ 2305.10(A). Lawyers Coop. Publ’g Co. v. Muething, 603 N.E.2d 969, 972–75 (Ohio 1992).
Raiser’s claim for the intentional infliction of emotional distress he allegedly suffered while he was
involuntarily committed is also barred by the two-year statute of limitations contained in section
2305.10(A). Id.; Lisboa v. Tramer, No. 97526, 2012 WL 1142920, at *4 n.2 (Ohio Ct. App. Apr.
5, 2012). His claim for malpractice against the psychologist is barred by the four-year statute of
limitations in section 2305.09(D) because the two-year statute of limitations for malpractice under
Ohio Revised Code § 2305.11 does not apply to psychologists. See Thompson v. Cmty. Mental
Health Ctrs., 642 N.E.2d 1102, 1104 (Ohio 1994).
Raiser complains that the district court accepted as fact an excerpt from the deposition of his
father. While the testimony is mentioned in the “Background” section of the opinion, it was
irrelevant to the district court’s reasoning and is harmless. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 61.
Raiser argues that the district court erred by denying his motion to amend his complaint. We
review the district court’s decision for an abuse of discretion. Johnson v. City of Memphis, 617 F.3d
864, 871 (6th Cir. 2010), cert. denied, 131 S. Ct. 1478 (2011). “An abuse of discretion exists only
when we are left with the definite and firm conviction that the district court made a clear error of
judgment.” Veneklase v. Bridgewater Condos, L.C., 670 F.3d 705, 709 (6th Cir. 2012) (internal
quotation marks and citation omitted).
A district court may deny a party leave to amend a complaint if there is “undue delay, bad
faith or dilatory motive on the part of the movant, repeated failure to cure deficiencies by
amendments previously allowed, undue prejudice to the opposing party by virtue of allowance of the
amendment, futility of amendment, etc.” Foman v. Davis, 371 U.S. 178, 182 (1962). Any
amendment to the complaint would have been dilatory and caused undue prejudice to the defendants.
-4Raiser wished to raise a claim of fraud. However, the claim would have been barred by the
four-year statute of limitations of section 2305.09(C). Dibert v. Carpenter, 961 F.2d 1217, 1223
(Ohio Ct. App. 2011). Raiser also wanted to add claims of spoliation, conspiracy, and clergy
malpractice, but the allegations do not contain the necessary facts required by Ohio law. Aetna Cas.
& Sur. Co. v. Leahey Constr. Co., 219 F.3d 519, 534 (6th Cir. 2000); Smith v. Howard Johnson Co.,
615 N.E.2d 1037, 1038 (Ohio 1993); Strock v. Pressnell, 527 N.E.2d 1235, 1239–40 (Ohio 1988).
The district court did not abuse its discretion in denying Raiser discovery following the
defendants’ motion for summary judgment. Dortch v. Fowler, 588 F.3d 396, 400 (6th Cir. 2009).
Raiser’s claims were barred by the applicable statutes of limitations, meaning that discovery would
have been meaningless. Thus, the district court’s decision did not affect Raiser’s substantial rights.
Finally, Raiser contends that the district court erred by failing to rule on his timely objections
to the magistrate judge’s decision. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(a). However, by granting summary
judgment to the defendants, the district court implicitly overruled Raiser’s objections. See Fielding
v. Tollaksen, 510 F.3d 175, 179 (5th Cir. 2007).
The district court’s judgment is affirmed.
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