USA v. Dontravon William
Per Curiam OPINION filed: The judgment of the district court is AFFIRMED. Decision not for publication pursuant to local rule 206. Boyce F. Martin , Jr. and Eric L. Clay, Circuit Judges; Joseph M. Hood, U.S. District Judge for the Eastern District of Kentucky, sitting by designation.
NOT RECOMMENDED FOR FULL-TEXT PUBLICATION
File Name: 12a0668n.06
Jun 21, 2012
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE SIXTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
LEONARD GREEN, Clerk
ON APPEAL FROM THE UNITED
STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR
THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF
Before: MARTIN and CLAY, Circuit Judges; HOOD, District Judge.*
PER CURIAM. Dontravon Williams, who is represented by counsel, appeals the district
court’s judgment sentencing him to seventy-two months of imprisonment.
On March 22, 2011, Williams pleaded guilty to being a felon in possession of a firearm, in
violation of 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1), following his arrest in Cleveland, Ohio, for shooting a gun into
the air during the early morning hours of New Year’s Day. In his presentence report, Williams was
found to have a base offense level of twenty-four, which was increased four levels pursuant to USSG
§ 2K2.1(b)(4)(B) because the firearm had an obliterated serial number. The offense level was
decreased two levels for Williams’s acceptance of responsibility, see USSG § 3E1.1(a), and
decreased one additional level based on the government’s request pursuant to USSG § 3E1.1(b).
Williams’s total offense level of twenty-five, along with his criminal history category of III, resulted
The Honorable Joseph M. Hood, United States District Judge for the Eastern District of
Kentucky, sitting by designation.
-2in an advisory Sentencing Guidelines range of seventy to eighty-seven months of imprisonment.
Williams did not object to the report’s Guidelines calculation.
At the July 12, 2011, sentencing hearing, Williams’s attorney asked the district court to
consider the fact that Williams did not obliterate the serial number on the firearm as a factor in favor
of a reduction of sentence. The district court reviewed the factors set forth in 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a),
addressed Williams’s argument regarding the serial number, and sentenced him to seventy-two
months of imprisonment. Williams argues on appeal that the sentence is procedurally unreasonable
because the court “never articulated a reason why the variance argument . . . was rejected.”
We review a district court's sentencing determination for an abuse of discretion. Gall v.
United States, 552 U.S. 38, 51 (2007). A district court abuses its discretion when it imposes a
sentence that is either procedurally or substantively unreasonable. Id. A sentence is procedurally
unreasonable where a district court fails to calculate or improperly calculates the Guidelines range,
treats the Guidelines as mandatory, fails to consider the section 3553(a) sentencing factors, selects
a sentence based upon erroneous facts, or fails to adequately explain its chosen sentence and its
deviation, if any, from the Guidelines range. United States v. Alexander, 543 F.3d 819, 822 (6th Cir.
2008) (citing Gall, 552 U.S. at 51). A sentence is substantively unreasonable if the district court
“selects a sentence arbitrarily, bases the sentence on impermissible factors, fails to consider relevant
sentencing factors, or gives an unreasonable amount of weight to any pertinent factor.” United States
v. Baker, 559 F.3d 443, 448 (6th Cir. 2009) (quoting United States v. Conatser, 514 F.3d 508, 520
(6th Cir. 2008)).
“When the defendant or prosecutor ‘presents nonfrivolous reasons for imposing a different
sentence,’ . . . a sentencing judge should address the ‘parties’ arguments’ and ‘explain why he has
rejected those arguments.’” United States v. Peters, 512 F.3d 787, 789 (6th Cir. 2008) (quoting Rita
v. United States, 551 U.S. 338, 357 (2007)). “Sometimes the circumstances will call for a brief
explanation; sometimes they will call for a lengthier explanation.” Rita, 551 U.S. at 357.
-3The district court’s sentence is not procedurally unreasonable. In accordance with Rita, the
district court addressed the serial number argument, but found that it did not warrant a variance. The
court explained that the enhancement applied even if Williams did not obliterate the serial number,
see USSG § 2K2.1 cmt. n.8(B), and explained that an obliterated serial number is a risk one takes
when the individual buys a gun off the street without knowing where it came from. Because
Williams’s argument is directly contrary to the policy set forth in the commentary to the
enhancement, the district court’s explanation was sufficient to show why it rejected Williams’s
argument. See id. at 358–59.
The district court’s judgment is AFFIRMED.
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