Shon Taylor v. USA
Per Curiam OPINION filed : The order of the district court is AFFIRMED. Decision not for publication. Boyce F. Martin, Jr., Richard F. Suhrheinrich, and R. Guy Cole, Jr., Circuit Judges.
NOT RECOMMENDED FOR FULL-TEXT PUBLICATION
File Name: 13a0291n.06
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE SIXTH CIRCUIT
SHON PATRICK TAYLOR,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Mar 22, 2013
DEBORAH S. HUNT, Clerk
ON APPEAL FROM THE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT
COURT FOR THE WESTERN
DISTRICT OF KENTUCKY
BEFORE: MARTIN, SUHRHEINRICH, and COLE, Circuit Judges.
PER CURIAM. Shon Patrick Taylor, who is represented by counsel, appeals a district court
order denying as untimely his motion to vacate his sentence filed under 28 U.S.C. § 2255.
Pursuant to a written plea agreement, Taylor pleaded guilty to possession with the intent to
distribute five grams or more of cocaine base in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1), and possession
of a firearm by a felon in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1). The district court sentenced Taylor to
188 months of imprisonment followed by four years of supervised release. Taylor did not appeal the
district court’s judgment, which was entered on March 12, 2007.
On January 11, 2011, Taylor submitted for mailing a post-judgment motion, purportedly filed
pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 60(b)(4). After advising Taylor that Rule 60 does not
apply to criminal actions and that section 2255 provides the exclusive remedy for challenging a
Taylor v. United States
federal conviction or sentence, the district court gave Taylor thirty days to file a section 2255 motion
or have his Rule 60(b)(4) motion recharacterized as a section 2255 motion to vacate. Taylor then
filed a section 2255 motion in which he claimed that his plea agreement was void because it lacked
consideration and mutual assent. He also argued that his attorney provided ineffective assistance
regarding contract law. With respect to the timeliness of his motion, Taylor asserted that there was
a “conflict” between the six-year statute of limitations for contract actions and the one-year statute
of limitations under section 2255(f). He argued that the limitations period should not begin to run
or should be equitably tolled until he discovered the fraud perpetrated on him by the government and
defense counsel. The district court ordered Taylor to show cause why his motion should not be
dismissed as barred by the one-year statute of limitations under section 2255(f). Taylor responded
that “[t]here can be no limitations on fraud.” Concluding that Taylor failed to demonstrate that his
motion was timely under section 2255(f) and that he failed to allege facts to warrant equitable
tolling, the district court denied Taylor’s section 2255 motion.
In reviewing the denial of Taylor’s section 2255 motion, “we review the district court’s legal
conclusions de novo and its factual findings for clear error.” Jamieson v. United States, 692 F.3d
435, 439 (6th Cir. 2012).
Taylor first contends that the district court erred in sua sponte dismissing his section 2255
motion as untimely. The district court properly denied Taylor’s section 2255 motion on timeliness
grounds because the court may sua sponte dismiss a motion as barred by the applicable one-year
statute of limitations. See Day v. McDonough, 547 U.S. 198, 209–10 (2006).
Taylor v. United States
The district court concluded that Taylor’s section 2255 motion was time-barred because he
failed to file the motion within one year of the date on which his judgment of conviction became
final. See 28 U.S.C. § 2255(f)(1). Taylor does not dispute that his section 2255 motion was
untimely under section 2255(f)(1). Instead, he contends that the district court erred in failing to
consider whether his motion was timely under section 2255(f)(4), which provides a one-year
limitations period from “the date on which the facts supporting the claim or claims presented could
have been discovered through the exercise of due diligence.” Taylor failed to cite section 2255(f)(4)
or present any newly discovered facts in his section 2255 motion. Taylor asserted that, “through
diligent study, and limited law resources and the help of but a single law clerk, [he] was able to
understand the application of contract law that has uncovered the duty and obligation of contract and
the conspiracy by government and defense counsel.” Taylor’s “discovery of a new legal theory does
not constitute a discoverable ‘fact’ for purposes of § 2255(f)(4).” Barreto-Barreto v. United States,
551 F.3d 95, 99 n.4 (1st Cir. 2008).
Taylor argues that the district court failed to give adequate consideration to his grounds for
equitable tolling of the statute of limitations. He contends that he pursued his rights diligently, but
a lack of legal resources prevented him from timely filing his section 2255 motion. Inadequate
prison legal resources, without more, do not constitute extraordinary circumstances warranting
equitable tolling. See Jones v. United States, 689 F.3d 621, 627 (6th Cir. 2012).
The district court’s order is affirmed.
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?