Joe Browder, Jr. v. Nancy Ankrom, et al
Per Curiam OPINION filed : AFFIRMED, decision not for publication pursuant to local rule 206. Boyce F. Martin , Jr., Circuit Judge; Helene N. White, Circuit Judge and Peter C. Economus, U.S. District Judge, NDOH.
NOT RECOMMENDED FOR FULL-TEXT PUBLICATION
File Name: 12a0846n.06
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE SIXTH CIRCUIT
JOE ALEXANDER BROWDER, JR.,
SARA ESTES; TAMMY BUCHANAN,
Aug 06, 2012
LEONARD GREEN, Clerk
ON APPEAL FROM THE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT
COURT FOR THE WESTERN
DISTRICT OF KENTUCKY
Before: MARTIN and WHITE, Circuit Judges; ECONOMUS, District Judge.*
PER CURIAM. Joe Alexander Browder, Jr., a pro se Kentucky resident, appeals a district
court judgment that dismissed his civil rights action filed under 42 U.S.C. § 1983.
Browder alleged that Chief Deputy Nancy Ankrom, Nurse Sara Estes, and Nurse Tammy
Buchanan violated his rights while he was incarcerated at a county jail. He alleged that the
defendants failed to provide him with his prescription medication for high blood pressure and
allergies, ignored his broken tooth and filling, and collected per diem fees to defray the costs
associated with his medical visits and his room and board.
The district court initially dismissed Browder’s individual capacity claims under 28 U.S.C.
§ 1915A(b)(1). It also dismissed his Eighth Amendment claims, his equal protection claim, and his
due process claims regarding the collection of fees. The court subsequently awarded the defendants
The Honorable Peter C. Economus, United States Senior District Judge for the Northern
District of Ohio, sitting by designation.
-2summary judgment insofar as Browder raised claims against them in their official capacity, alleging
that they violated the Fourteenth Amendment by failing to provide him with adequate medical care.
We affirmed the award of summary judgment regarding Browder’s official capacity claims,
but vacated the dismissal of his claims against the defendants in their individual capacity. Browder
v. Ankrom, No. 06-6414 (6th Cir. Oct, 4, 2007). We remanded the case for further proceedings,
reasoning that the dismissal of these claims was premature because Browder was not required to
plead administrative exhaustion in his complaint. See Jones v. Bock, 549 U.S. 199, 211–12 (2007).
In 2008, the district court awarded summary judgment to Ankrom. Browder filed a timely
appeal, but his appeal was dismissed for lack of prosecution. Browder v. Ankrom, No. 08-6048 (6th
Cir. Oct. 24, 2008).
In 2011, Estes and Buchanan filed a new summary judgment motion alleging that Browder
had not exhausted his administrative remedies by appealing his grievances to the head jailer. The
district court granted that motion and dismissed the case on August 25, 2011. A subsequent motion
for reconsideration was denied, and Browder filed a timely appeal on November 18, 2011.
The defendants argue that this appeal is untimely because it was filed more than thirty days
after the district court’s judgment. However, Browder filed a timely motion for reconsideration and
the court did not deny that motion until November 14, 2011. Thus, his appeal was timely filed. See
Fed. R. App. P. 4(a)(4)(A). The defendants also argue that Browder did not perfect his appeal
because the notice of appeal referred to the order that denied his motion for reconsideration. This
argument is unavailing because an appeal from a post-judgment order may extend to the underlying
judgment. See United States v. Grenier, 513 F.3d 632, 635 (6th Cir. 2008).
We review an award of summary judgment de novo. Copeland v. Machulis, 57 F.3d 476,
478 (6th Cir. 1995). Summary judgment is appropriate “if the movant shows that there is no genuine
dispute as to any material fact and the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law.” Fed. R.
Civ. P. 56(a).
Browder has not pointed to any evidence that might create a jury issue on the question
whether he fully exhausted his administrative remedies by filing an appeal with the head jailer.
-3Hence, the district court properly awarded summary judgment to Estes and Buchanan because
Browder failed to comply with the administrative exhaustion requirement of 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a).
See Woodford v. Ngo, 548 U.S. 81, 83–85 (2006); Scott v. Ambani, 577 F.3d 642, 647 (6th Cir.
Browder argues that the defendants should not have been allowed to file a new motion for
summary judgment based on the lack of exhaustion because the district court had ruled, in April
2005 and August 2006, that his claims were exhausted. He argues that the defendants’ only remedy
was to file a motion to vacate the court’s prior orders. See generally Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(b).
However, the cited orders did not resolve the defendants’ well-supported assertion that Browder had
failed to file the required administrative appeals with the head jailer. Consequently, the defendants
were free to file a motion for summary judgment that raised a new ground for relief. See United
States v. Graham, 327 F.3d 460, 464 (6th Cir. 2003).
Finally, Browder summarily asserts that he seeks “review of all orders issued by the district
court since remand of October 2007.” However, we are not required to scour the record for potential
arguments on his behalf. See Wells v. Brown, 891 F.2d 591, 594 (6th Cir. 1989).
The district court’s judgment is affirmed.
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