USA v. James Mobley
Per Curiam OPINION filed : AFFIRMED, decision not for publication. Gilbert S. Merritt, Circuit Judge; Boyce F. Martin , Jr., Circuit Judge and Ronald Lee Gilman, Circuit Judge.
NOT RECOMMENDED FOR FULL-TEXT PUBLICATION
File Name: 13a0020n.06
Jan 07, 2013
DEBORAH S. HUNT, Clerk
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE SIXTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
ON APPEAL FROM THE UNITED
STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR
THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF
Before: MERRITT, MARTIN, and GILMAN, Circuit Judges.
PER CURIAM. James Mobley, who is represented by counsel, appeals his judgment of
conviction and sentence.
Mobley pleaded guilty to being a felon in possession of a firearm, in violation of 18 U.S.C.
§ 922(g). He was sentenced to serve 120 months of imprisonment, followed by three years of
supervised release, and was ordered to pay a $100 special assessment.
On appeal, Mobley challenges his sentence, arguing that it “is substantively unreasonable
because the district court failed to consider relevant sentencing factors” prior to imposing his
sentence. Mobley argues that the district court imposed “the statutory maximum sentence” without
regard for “the fact that [he] would not receive any jail credit due to his incarceration in state court
on a pending aggravated rape charge, which was relevant conduct to the instant offense of
conviction.” Mobley explains that he was incarcerated pending trial on state aggravated rape charges
at the time he was sentenced for this federal offense. Mobley acknowledges that the district court
lacked “authority to run [his] federal sentence concurrently with any state sentence he might receive
because he had yet to be found guilty in state court” or “to depart downward” to account for “this
-2particular factual situation.” Mobley argues, however, that the district court did have authority under
18 U.S.C. § 3553(a)(2) to impose a sentence that accounted for his unique situation and the fact that
he would not receive credit for the time incarcerated in a state facility prior to imposition of his
We review a sentence imposed by a district court for reasonableness. United States v.
Lanning, 633 F.3d 469, 473 (6th Cir. 2011). Reasonableness review has both a procedural and a
substantive component. See Gall v. United States, 552 U.S. 38, 51 (2007); Lanning, 633 F.3d at 473.
Mobley challenges only the substantive reasonableness of his sentence.
We consider “the substantive reasonableness of the sentence imposed under an abuse-ofdiscretion standard.” Gall, 552 U.S. at 51. A substantively reasonable sentence “is ‘sufficient but
not greater than necessary, to comply with the purposes’ of sentencing set forth in 18 U.S.C.
§ 3553(a).” United States v. Petrus, 588 F.3d 347, 353 (6th Cir. 2009) (quoting United States v.
Bolds, 511 F.3d 568, 580 (6th Cir. 2007)). We apply a rebuttable presumption of reasonableness to
a sentence that falls “within a properly-calculated Guidelines range.” United States v. Lapsins, 570
F.3d 758, 772 (6th Cir. 2009).
Based upon calculations contained in Mobley’s presentence report, his total offense level was
thirty-three and his criminal history category was III. These calculations resulted in an advisory
sentencing guidelines range of 168 to 210 months of imprisonment. The probation officer noted that
Mobley was subject to a statutory maximum sentence of 120 months of imprisonment pursuant to
18 U.S.C. § 924(a)(2). Because the statutory maximum sentence was less than the minimum
sentence recommended by the sentencing guidelines, Mobley’s sentencing guidelines range of
imprisonment was restricted to 120 months of imprisonment. See USSG § 5G1.1(a).
The district court recognized the advisory nature of the federal sentencing guidelines, and
considered the relevant factors set forth in section 3553(a). The district court did not accord more
weight to any one factor when discussing the section 3553(a) factors at sentencing.
-3The district court referenced Mobley’s pending criminal proceeding in state court and agreed
with defense counsel that a concurrent federal sentence could not be imposed because a state
sentence had not been imposed in the state proceeding. Through imposition of the sentence in this
case, the district court expressed an intention to provide assistance to the state court should Mobley’s
state criminal proceeding result in a conviction and sentence. The district court stated that the
imposition of sentence in this case provided the state court judge “a way to then fashion an
appropriate sentence, and [that judge] can determine whether or not [the] sentence should run partly
concurrent or should run consecutively or how [the judge] want[s] it to run, so that should be up to
the final sentencing judge.” The district court lacked sufficient information and authority to consider
the state proceedings when imposing Mobley’s federal sentence because the state proceedings were
still in progress and Mobley was not subject to an undischarged term of imprisonment. See USSG
Although the district court imposed the statutory maximum sentence, the sentence imposed
is within the advisory sentencing guidelines range and is entitled to a presumption of substantive
reasonableness. See Lapsins, 570 F.3d at 772. There is nothing in the record that rebuts this
presumption. “The fact that the district court did not give the defendant the exact sentence he sought
is not a cognizable basis to appeal, particularly where the district court followed the mandate of
§ 3553(a) in all relevant respects.” United States v. Trejo-Martinez, 481 F.3d 409, 413–14 (6th Cir.
2007) (internal quotation marks and citation omitted).
We affirm the district court’s judgment.
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