USA v. Lance Johnson
Per Curiam OPINION filed : AFFIRMED, decision not for publication. Boyce F. Martin , Jr., Ronald Lee Gilman, Circuit Judges and John Thomas Fowlkes , Jr., U.S. District Judge for the Western District of Tennessee.
NOT RECOMMENDED FOR FULL-TEXT PUBLICATION
File Name: 13a0172n.06
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE SIXTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
LANCE FREDERICK JOHNSON,
Feb 14, 2013
DEBORAH S. HUNT, Clerk
ON APPEAL FROM THE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT
COURT FOR THE WESTERN
DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
BEFORE: MARTIN and GILMAN, Circuit Judges; FOWLKES, District Judge.*
PER CURIAM. Lance Frederick Johnson, who is represented by counsel, is appealing his
sentence imposed following his guilty plea to a charge of bank robbery.
Johnson’s advisory sentencing guidelines range was calculated at forty-one to fifty-one
months of imprisonment. However, at the sentencing hearing, the district court stated that it was
varying upward from that range because Johnson had committed the bank robbery while evading the
authorities on a state charge of criminal sexual conduct. Johnson was sentenced to sixty-eight
months of imprisonment, which was ordered to run consecutively to the 168-to-480 month sentence
that he was serving on the state criminal sexual conduct charge. Johnson objected to both the
upward variance and the decision to run the sentence consecutively to the state sentence.
The Honorable John T. Fowlkes, Jr., United States District Judge for the Western District
of Tennessee, sitting by designation.
United States v. Johnson
On appeal, Johnson argues that the district court engaged in double counting when it relied
on Johnson’s on-the-run status for both the upward variance and the consecutive sentence.
We generally review a criminal sentence for reasonableness under an abuse-of-discretion
standard. Gall v. United States, 552 U.S. 38, 41 (2007). However, a substantive issue that was not
objected to in the district court is reviewed for plain error. United States v. Vonner, 516 F.3d 382,
386 (6th Cir. 2008) (en banc). Johnson did not raise a claim of double counting in the district court.
Johnson is not arguing on appeal that either the upward variance or the consecutive sentence
was erroneous when each is viewed in isolation. He instead argues that the district court erred by
relying on precisely the same aspect of his conduct for both the variance and the consecutive
sentence, citing United States v. Young, 266 F.3d 468, 485 (6th Cir. 2001).
Johnson’s argument is not supported by the record. The transcript of the sentencing hearing
reveals that the district court imposed the variance because, rather than turn himself in to the state
authorities to face the criminal sexual conduct charge, Johnson chose to rob a bank presumably to
support himself while evading arrest. The court discussed the sentencing factors of the seriousness
and circumstances of the offense, as well as the need to promote respect for the law and provide
deterrence, finding that the commission of this crime while on the run from state authorities had not
been considered in the guidelines calculation. The district court’s reasoning in imposing a
consecutive sentence was explained by noting that the state sentence was intended to protect children
from sexual assault, and the federal sentence was designed to protect banking institutions from
robbery. Johnson cites no authority to support his argument that the district court engaged in double
counting under these circumstances.
United States v. Johnson
The district court’s judgment is affirmed.
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