USA v. Jamel Parker
Per Curiam OPINION filed : AFFIRMED, decision not for publication. Boyce F. Martin , Jr., Circuit Judge; John M. Rogers, Circuit Judge and Arthur J. Tarnow, U.S. District Judge for the Eastern District of Michigan.
NOT RECOMMENDED FOR FULL-TEXT PUBLICATION
File Name: 13a0088n.06
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE SIXTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
JAMEL MARCUS PARKER,
Jan 24, 2013
DEBORAH S. HUNT, Clerk
ON APPEAL FROM THE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT
COURT FOR THE WESTERN
DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
BEFORE: MARTIN and ROGERS, Circuit Judges; TARNOW, District Judge.*
PER CURIAM. Jamel Marcus Parker, who is represented by counsel, appeals a district court
judgment sentencing him to seventy-two months of imprisonment following his guilty plea to a
charge of possession of a firearm by a felon.
Parker’s initial presentence report calculated his advisory sentencing guidelines range as fiftyone to sixty-three months of imprisonment. The government objected to the report, arguing that an
enhancement for obstruction of justice should apply. The objection was based on Parker’s recorded
telephone calls to his girlfriend from jail in which Parker appeared to ask her to take responsibility
for the gun. The presentence report was revised to incorporate the enhancement, resulting in an
advisory sentencing guidelines range of sixty-three to seventy-eight months of imprisonment. Parker
The Honorable Arthur J. Tarnow, United States District Judge for the Eastern District of
Michigan, sitting by designation.
United States v. Parker
objected to the enhancement. At the sentencing hearing, the district court listened to the telephone
recordings and agreed that Parker had engaged in obstruction of justice. The court sentenced Parker
to seventy-two months of imprisonment.
On appeal, Parker argues that the government waived its objection to the original presentence
report because it did not file its objection in accordance with a new local rule requiring objections
to be filed on the court’s electronic filing system. He also repeats his argument that the enhancement
Parker’s argument that the government did not properly file its objection to the original
presentence report is without merit as he admits that he received a copy of the objection and can
show no prejudice from the failure to adhere to the recent rule change. “Any error, defect,
irregularity, or variance that does not affect substantial rights must be disregarded.” Fed. R. Crim.
A sentence may be found to be procedurally unreasonable where the court errs in calculating
the sentencing guidelines range. Gall v. United States, 552 U.S. 38, 51 (2007). We find no error by
the district court here. See United States v. Carter, 510 F.3d 593, 597 & n.1 (6th Cir. 2007). An
enhancement for obstruction of justice is called for under USSG § 3C1.1 where the defendant
engages in “intimidating, or otherwise unlawfully influencing a . . . witness . . . or attempting to do
so.” USSG § 3C1.1 cmt. n.4(A). In his telephone calls to his girlfriend, Parker berated her for being
responsible for the position he was in because she had let the police into her apartment to arrest him,
had given them permission to search the apartment, and had not claimed responsibility for the
firearm. When his seven-month pregnant girlfriend objected that she could get in trouble for having
United States v. Parker
a gun, Parker told her that she would get “a slap on the wrist” while he was going to prison. We
agree with the district court’s finding that Parker was attempting to intimidate or influence this
witness. We have upheld obstruction of justice enhancements in similar cases. See United States
v. Waldon, 206 F.3d 597, 608–09 (6th Cir. 2000); United States v. Bingham, 81 F.3d 617, 632 (6th
The district court’s judgment is affirmed.
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