David Brown v. Karen Hogsten
Per Curiam OPINION filed : The district court's judgment is AFFIRMED; granting motion to proceed ifp [4571415-2] filed by David William Brown, decision not for publication pursuant to local rule 206. Boyce F. Martin , Jr., Circuit Judge; Helene N. White, Circuit Judge and Peter C. Economus, U.S. District Judge.
NOT RECOMMENDED FOR FULL-TEXT PUBLICATION
File Name: 12a1108n.06
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE SIXTH CIRCUIT
DAVID WILLIAM BROWN,
KAREN HOGSTEN, Warden,
Oct 25, 2012
DEBORAH S. HUNT, Clerk
ON APPEAL FROM THE UNITED
STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR
THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF
Before: MARTIN and WHITE, Circuit Judges; ECONOMUS, District Judge.*
PER CURIAM. David William Brown, a pro se federal prisoner, appeals the denial of his
petition filed under 28 U.S.C. § 2241 for a writ of habeas corpus. He also moves for leave to
proceed in forma pauperis.
In 2002, a jury convicted Brown both of possessing stolen firearms in violation of 18 U.S.C.
§ 922(j), and of possessing those firearms after having been convicted of a felony in violation of 18
U.S.C. § 922(g)(1). The district court enhanced Brown’s section 922(g)(1) sentence because he had
previously been convicted of at least three violent felonies. See 18 U.S.C. § 924(e). The district
court imposed two concurrent sentences of 262 months of imprisonment. Brown did not appeal his
In February 2011, Brown moved under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 to vacate his sentences. Based on
his reading of Begay v. United States, 553 U.S. 137 (2008), Brown presented two arguments (1) that
he was not subject to the enhanced penalty under 18 U.S.C. § 924(e); and (2) that the sentence
The Honorable Peter C. Economus, United States Senior District Judge for the Northern
District of Ohio, sitting by designation.
-2imposed for possessing stolen firearms exceeded the statutory maximum. The district court denied
the motion as untimely. Brown did not appeal the district court’s decision.
In May 2011, Brown filed a section 2241 petition in the United States District Court for the
Eastern District of Kentucky, the district court having jurisdiction over his current custodian. Again
invoking Begay, Brown argued that his sentence violated the Fifth Amendment for two reasons: first,
because the prior conviction for burglary did not constitute a “violent felony;” and second, because
trial counsel was ineffective for failing to appeal his convictions. The district court denied the
petition and Brown filed a timely appeal.
We review the district court’s judgment de novo. See Charles v. Chandler, 180 F.3d 753,
755 (6th Cir. 1999). Brown’s section 2241 petition challenges the validity of his conviction and
sentence. Generally, a prisoner challenging a conviction or imposition of a sentence must file under
section 2255, whereas a prisoner must challenging the execution of the sentence must file under
section 2241. Id. at 755–56. Brown may proceed under section 2241 only if he properly invokes
the section 2255(e) exception, or “savings clause,” which requires him to show that section 2255 is
inadequate or ineffective to test the legality of his detention. Brown may avail himself of the
exception only by presenting a credible claim of actual innocence that is not cognizable in a
successive section 2255 motion. Martin v. Perez, 319 F.3d 799, 804 (6th Cir. 2003); United States
v. Peterman, 249 F.3d 458, 462 (6th Cir. 2001). Brown may also satisfy this burden by showing that
there has been an intervening change in the law that establishes his actual innocence. Peterman, 249
F.3d at 461-62.
Brown fails to invoke the exception, however, because he does not claim that there has been
an intervening change in the law that establishes his actual innocence of the firearms offenses. Id.
at 461–62. His reliance on Begay is misplaced, because it is a sentencing-error case, and claims of
sentencing error may not serve as the basis for an actual innocence claim. See id. at 462.
We grant the motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis and affirm the district court’s
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