USA v. Jessie Jone
Per Curiam OPINION filed : AFFIRMED, decision not for publication. Alice M. Batchelder, John M. Rogers, and Raymond M. Kethledge, Circuit Judges.
NOT RECOMMENDED FOR FULL-TEXT PUBLICATION
File Name: 15a0524n.06
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE SIXTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
JESSIE FRANK JONES,
Jul 23, 2015
DEBORAH S. HUNT, Clerk
ON APPEAL FROM THE UNITED
STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR
THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF
BEFORE: BATCHELDER, ROGERS, and KETHLEDGE, Circuit Judges.
PER CURIAM. Jessie Frank Jones appeals his sentence. Jones pleaded guilty to being a
felon in possession of a firearm, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1), and possessing with intent
to distribute a controlled substance, in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1). The district court
determined that Jones’s base offense level was 20. The court added two levels under U.S.S.G.
§ 2K2.1(b)(4)(A) because the firearm was stolen and four levels under § 2K2.1(b)(6)(B) because
Jones possessed the firearm in connection with another felony offense. The court subtracted
three levels for acceptance of responsibility, resulting in a total offense level of 23. Based on the
total offense level of 23, and a criminal history category of III, Jones’s guidelines range of
imprisonment was 57 to 71 months. The district court sentenced Jones to two concurrent prison
terms of 57 months.
On appeal, Jones argues that the district court erred by applying the four-level
enhancement under § 2K2.1(b)(6)(B) because the evidence did not show that he used or
United States v. Jones
possessed the firearm in connection with his controlled substance offense. We review the district
court’s factual findings for clear error and accord due deference to its determination that a
firearm was used or possessed in connection with another felony offense. United States v.
Taylor, 648 F.3d 417, 432 (6th Cir. 2011).
Under § 2K2.1(b)(6), a four-level enhancement applies if the defendant “[u]sed or
possessed any firearm or ammunition in connection with another felony offense.” U.S.S.G.
§ 2K2.1(b)(6). A district court should apply the enhancement only if the government establishes
by a preponderance of the evidence that there is a nexus between the firearm and an independent
felony. Taylor, 648 F.3d at 432. Where the other felony offense is a drug trafficking offense,
the four-level enhancement will generally apply if the firearm is found in close proximity to
drugs, drug-manufacturing materials, or drug paraphernalia. U.S.S.G. § 2K2.1 cmt. (n.14).
The district court properly applied the enhancement. Jones admitted that he possessed
the firearm and that he was engaged in drug trafficking. And it was undisputed that, during the
search of Jones’s residence, law enforcement officers found a digital scale and drug
paraphernalia in his bedroom and a handgun with two loaded magazines in his bedroom closet.
Given those facts, and the close proximity of the firearm to the drug-related materials, the district
court could reasonably conclude that Jones possessed the firearm in connection with a drug
trafficking offense. See Taylor, 648 F.3d at 432-33; United States v. Burns, 498 F.3d 578, 58081 (6th Cir. 2007).
Accordingly, we affirm Jones’s sentence.
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?