Elias Garcia-Lopez v. Eric Holder, Jr.
Per Curiam OPINION filed to dismiss case for lack of jurisdiction, decision not for publication. Eugene E. Siler , Jr., Circuit Judge; Deborah L. Cook, Circuit Judge and Jane Branstetter Stranch, Circuit Judge.
NOT RECOMMENDED FOR FULL-TEXT PUBLICATION
File Name: 15a0276n.06
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE SIXTH CIRCUIT
ERIC H. HOLDER, JR., Attorney General,
Apr 14, 2015
DEBORAH S. HUNT, Clerk
ON PETITION FOR REVIEW
FROM THE UNITED STATES
BOARD OF IMMIGRATION
BEFORE: SILER, COOK, and STRANCH, Circuit Judges.
PER CURIAM. Elias Garcia-Lopez petitions this court for review of an order of the
Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) dismissing his appeal from the denial of his application for
cancellation of removal. We dismiss the petition for lack of jurisdiction.
Garcia-Lopez, a native and citizen of Mexico, entered the United States without
inspection in 1999. In 2010, after his arrest for a traffic offense, the Department of Homeland
Security served Garcia-Lopez with a notice to appear in removal proceedings, charging him with
removability as an alien present in the United States without being admitted or paroled. See 8
U.S.C. § 1182(a)(6)(A)(i).
Garcia-Lopez appeared before an immigration judge (IJ) and
conceded removability. Garcia-Lopez subsequently applied for cancellation of removal on the
basis that his removal would result in exceptional and extremely unusual hardship to his United
States citizen children. See 8 U.S.C. § 1229b(b)(1). After a hearing, the IJ denied GarciaLopez’s application for cancellation of removal, finding that he had failed to meet his burden of
Garcia-Lopez v. Holder
proof: “The respondent has not provided evidence to establish his qualifying relatives would
suffer hardship that is substantially different from, or beyond that which would ordinarily be
expected from the removal of an individual with close family members remaining in the United
States.” (AR 58-59.) The IJ granted Garcia-Lopez’s alternate request for voluntary departure.
On appeal, the BIA agreed with the IJ that Garcia-Lopez had not demonstrated that his removal
would cause the requisite hardship to his children.
This timely petition for review followed.
The respondent contends that we should
dismiss Garcia-Lopez’s petition for lack for jurisdiction. This court lacks jurisdiction to review
the discretionary denial of an application for cancellation of removal.
We retain jurisdiction, however, to review “constitutional claims or
questions of law” as well as non-discretionary decisions. 8 U.S.C. § 1252(a)(2)(D); AburtoRocha v. Mukasey, 535 F.3d 500, 502 (6th Cir. 2008).
Garcia-Lopez asserts that we have jurisdiction because he is challenging the BIA’s legal
errors. In discounting the dire conditions in Mexico, Garcia-Lopez argues, the BIA failed to
follow its own precedent requiring consideration of the hardship factors in the aggregate. The IJ
gave “limited weight” to the conditions in Mexico because Garcia-Lopez asserted that his wife
and children would remain in the United States if he were removed.1 (AR 57.) On appeal, the
BIA assumed that Garcia-Lopez’s wife and children would accompany him to Mexico and,
citing his evidence about the violent conditions in Mexico, concluded that he had failed to
establish the requisite hardship to his children. (AR 4 (citing In re A-S-B-, 24 I. & N. Dec. 493,
497 (BIA 2008) (stating that the BIA “may review de novo whether the facts support a
Garcia-Lopez incorrectly states in his brief that he testified that his wife and children
would accompany him to Mexico. When the IJ pointed out that his written application indicated
that his wife and children would go with him to Mexico, Garcia-Lopez testified that they would
stay in the United States. (AR 124.)
Garcia-Lopez v. Holder
conclusion that the hardship rises to the required level”)).) Garcia-Lopez’s argument that the
BIA did not take the conditions in Mexico into full consideration amounts to “a challenge to the
weighing of the evidence” that this court lacks jurisdiction to review. Ettienne v. Holder,
659 F.3d 513, 517 (6th Cir. 2011); see also Montanez-Gonzalez v. Holder, __ F.3d __, 2015 WL
1061985 (6th Cir. Mar. 12, 2015).
Accordingly, we dismiss Garcia-Lopez’s petition for lack of jurisdiction.
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