USA v. Krueger, Amy Jo
NONPRECEDENTIAL DISPOSITION To be cited only in accordance with Fed. R. App. P. 32.1
United States Court of Appeals
For the Seventh Circuit Chicago, Illinois 60604 Submitted April 17, 2007 Decided April 18, 2007 Before Hon. FRANK H. EASTERBROOK, Chief Judge Hon. WILLIAM J. BAUER, Circuit Judge Hon. ILANA DIAMOND ROVNER, Circuit Judge No. 06-3406 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. AMY J. KRUEGER, Defendant-Appellant. Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin. No. 06 CR 120 John C. Shabaz, Judge. ORDER Amy J. Krueger pleaded guilty to misuse of a social security number and was sentenced to 18 months' imprisonment followed by three years of supervised release. Krueger filed a notice of appeal, but her appointed counsel now seeks to withdraw under Anders v. California, 386 U.S. 738 (1967), because she is unable to discern a nonfrivolous issue to pursue. Counsel's supporting brief is facially adequate, and Krueger has not responded to our invitation under Circuit Rule 51(b) to comment on counsel's submission. We therefore limit our review to the potential issues identified in counsel's brief. See United States v. Schuh, 289 F.3d 968, 974 (7th Cir. 2002).
Krueger pleaded guilty to using a co-worker's social security number to open a credit card account and making two purchases with the card for $64, see 42 U.S.C. § 408(a)(7)(B). Her presentence investigation report placed her base offense level at 12, see U.S.S.G. §§ 2B1.1(a)(2), 2B1.1(b)(10)(C)(I), and recommended a two-level reduction for acceptance of responsibility, see § 3E1.1(a). A total offense level of 10, combined with criminal history category IV, yielded a recommended sentencing range of 15 to 21 months' imprisonment. Krueger did not object to any information set out in the PSR, but she did request that the court sentence her to probation instead of prison, primarily because of her family responsibilities and a bout with ovarian cancer that was in remission. At sentencing, the court noted that Krueger had a "serious" criminal history, including prior thefts dating back to 1992, when she was 20 years old. The court observed that previous lenient sentences had not deterred her from further crime, and therefore not "even a most merciful judge" would find probation to be an adequate sentence. The court emphasized that the crimes "continue," the "beat goes on," and "there has been no deterrence." What was exceptional in the eyes of the court was not Krueger's family or health issues, but her numerous discharges from past jobs for inappropriate and sometimes criminal behavior. Counsel first considers whether Krueger could argue that the factual basis offered in support of her guilty plea was inadequate, see Fed. R. Crim. P. 11(b)(3).1 According to counsel, Krueger now maintains that she did not use her co-worker's social security number to open a credit card account but instead received a credit card with his name in the mail, stole it, and began using it. Because she did not apply for the credit card, counsel continues, she did not commit the particular offense she pleaded guilty to. This issue is properly considered because, in accordance with United States v. Knox, 287 F.3d 667, 671 (7th Cir. 2002), counsel has verified that Krueger now wishes to withdraw her plea. Any such challenge would be reviewed for plain error because Krueger did not move to withdraw her plea in the district court. See United States v. Vonn, 535 U.S. 55, 59 (2002); United States v. Villarreal-Tamayo, 467 F.3d 630, 632 (7th Cir. 2006). We agree that such a challenge would be frivolous. The court determined that there was a factual basis for the plea; in other
Counsel appears to suggest that Krueger's trial counsel was responsible for advising her to plead guilty to a crime that she had not committed. However, any potential claim for ineffective assistance of counsel would be better suited for collateral review where the record can be further developed. See Massaro v. United States, 538 U.S. 500, 504 (2003); United States v. Rezin, 322 F.3d 443, 445 (7th Cir. 2003).
words, the court found that the "facts support the charge." United States v. Christian, 342 F.3d 744, 748 (7th Cir. 2003). At the plea colloquy, Krueger did not dispute any of the evidence that the government proposed to present at a trial, including an admission by Krueger to a police officer that she applied for the credit card. Krueger agreed that she, with the intent to deceive, misrepresented that a certain social security number belonged to her, and that she "made the application" for and obtained a credit card account at a bank in Wisconsin using her co-worker's social security number. These representations are presumed truthful, see United States v. Loutos, 383 F.3d 615, 619 (7th Cir. 2004), and she has not rebutted the presumption. Counsel also considers whether Krueger could argue that her sentence was unreasonable. However, because the term falls within the properly calculated guidelines range, it is presumed reasonable, see United States v. Gama-Gonzalez, 469 F.3d 1109, 1111 (7th Cir. 2006); United States v. Mykytiuk, 415 F.3d 606, 608 (7th Cir. 2005), and counsel says she cannot find any basis to rebut this presumption. Although the Supreme Court recently granted a writ of certiorari to consider whether affording a presumption of reasonableness to a sentence within the guidelines range is consistent with United States v. Booker, 543 U.S. 220 (2005), see United States v. Rita, No. 05-4674, 2006 WL 1144508 (4th Cir. May 1, 2006), cert. granted, 127 S. Ct. 551 (U.S. Nov. 3, 2006), even without the presumption any challenge to the 18-month term imposed in this case would be frivolous. The district court considered the relevant factors under 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a), such as the need for adequate deterrence, as well as Krueger's own history and characteristics, including her troubled work record, her criminal past, and her family life. The district court need not discuss each of the § 3553(a) factors in checklist fashion; it is enough to calculate the range accurately and explain why a particular defendant deserves his or her sentence, as the court did here. See United States v. Dean, 414 F.3d 725, 729 (7th Cir. 2005). We thus agree with counsel that it would be frivolous for Krueger to argue that her sentence is unreasonable. Counsel's motion to withdraw is GRANTED, and the appeal is DISMISSED.
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