USA v. Halliburton, Keith A.

Filing 20


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NONPRECEDENTIAL DISPOSITION To be cited only in accordance with Fed. R. App. P. 32.1 United States Court of Appeals For the Seventh Circuit Chicago, Illinois 60604 Submitted May 16, 2008 Decided May 22, 2008 AMENDED June 10, 2008 Before FRANK H. EASTERBROOK, Chief Judge ILANA DIAMOND ROVNER, Circuit Judge DIANE P. WOOD, Circuit Judge No. 07-3985 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. KEITH A. HALLIBURTON, Defendant-Appellant. Appeal from the United States District Court for the Central District of Illinois. No. 98 CR 20042 Michael P. McCuskey, Chief Judge. Order Approximately eight years after we affirmed his conviction and sentence on direct appeal, Keith Halliburton filed in the district court a motion asking the judge to compel the United States Attorney to file a motion for sentence reduction under Fed. R. Crim. P. 35(b). The district judge denied this motion summarily, and Halliburton has This successive appeal has been submitted to the original panel under Operating Procedure 6(b). After examining the briefs and the record, we have concluded that oral argument is unnecessary. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a); Cir. R. 34(f). No. 07-3985 appealed. Page 2 The motion is untimely. Rule 35(b)(1) allows the United States to propose a lower sentence only within the first year after a sentence has been imposed. There is an exception, see Rule 35(b)(2), for information that the defendant did not learn (or whose value could not be assessed) until the year had passed. Halliburton does not contend that his situation fits this exception. Instead he maintains that the United States promised to file a motion and did not carry through. Any shortcoming on that subject could have been raised long ago. What is more, Wade v. United States, 504 U.S. 181 (1992), holds that a district court does not have authority to upset the prosecutor's decision not to file a Rule 35(b) motion unless the defendant first makes a prima facie showing that the prosecutor acted for an unconstitutional reason. See also In re United States, 503 F.3d 638 (7th Cir. 2007). Halliburton has not tried to show this. Instead he believes that the prosecutor must provide the district judge with a good reason not to file a motion. That contention is incompatible with Wade. AFFIRMED

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