Brian Hilvety v. R. Mitchell, et al

Filing 1


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NONPRECEDENTIAL DISPOSITION To be cited only in accordance with Fed. R. App. P. 32.1 United States Court of Appeals For the Seventh Circuit Chicago, Illinois 60604 Submitted June 23, 2009* Decided June 23, 2009 Before RICHARD D. CUDAHY, Circuit Judge RICHARD A. POSNER, Circuit Judge TERENCE T. EVANS, Circuit Judge No. 084020 BRIAN HILVETY, PlaintiffAppellant, v. R.A. MITCHELL and ARLIE ALEXANDER, DefendantsAppellees. Appeal from the United States District Court for the Central District of Illinois. No. 082188 Michael P. McCuskey, Chief Judge. O R D E R Brian Hilvety, proceeding pro se, sued two employees of the Internal Revenue Service in Illinois state court. The case was removed to federal district court where it was dismissed. We affirm the judgment. After examining the briefs and the record, we have concluded that oral argument is unnecessary. Thus the appeal is submitted on the briefs and the record. FED. R. APP. P. 34(a)(2). * No. 084020 Page 2 This action arose when the IRS, through the named defendants, filed tax liens against Hilvety in Macon County, Illinois. The two liens list unpaid income taxes dating back as far as 1997. Hilvety responded by suing the two IRS employees in the Circuit Court of Macon County, accusing them of violating his rights under the Constitution. Essentially, though, Hilvety simply claims that the tax liens are invalid because they are not premised on a judgment from an Illinois court. Hilvety asked the state court to invalidate the liens and remove them from the county records. The United States, construing the lawsuit as one against the defendants in their official capacity, removed the action to federal court. The district court then dismissed the complaint with prejudice for, among other grounds, failure to state a claim. On appeal Hilvety argues that removal of his case to federal court was improper; he also repeats his contention that the tax liens are invalid because they are not premised on statecourt judgments. Both assertions are frivolous. Hilvety's lawsuit alleges that federal employees engaged in unconstitutional conduct in the course of their employment, so removal to federal court was appropriate under both 1441(a) and 1442(a)(1) of Title 28. See Grable & Sons Metal Prod., Inc. v. Darue Eng'g & Mfg., 545 U.S. 308, 312 (2005); Moran v. Rush Prudential HMO, Inc., 230 F.3d 959, 966 (7th Cir. 2000); Straus v. United States, 196 F.3d 862, 863 (7th Cir. 1999). Moreover, dismissal was proper because no statecourt judgment is required for the IRS to file a notice of federal tax lien. See 26 U.S.C. 6321, 6323; United States v. Swan, 467 F.3d 655, 656 (7th Cir. 2006). This litigation is the latest in a series of frivolous lawsuits by Hilvety. When we last encountered him, we sanctioned him $8,000 for filing a frivolous appeal. See Hilvety v. Comm'r of Internal Revenue, 216 F. App'x. 582, 584 (7th Cir. 2007). That sanction remains unpaid. We order Hilvety to show cause within 14 days why further sanctions (including a filing bar under Support Sys. Intl, Inc. v. Mack, 45 F.3d 185, 186 (7th Cir.1995)) should not be imposed. AFFIRMED.

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