James Foskett v. Tall Pines Development of Wisc

Filing 1

Opinion

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NONPRECEDENTIAL DISPOSITION To be cited only in accordance with Fed. R. App. P. 32.1 United States Court of Appeals For the Seventh Circuit Chicago, Illinois 60604 Submitted April 20, 2009 Decided July 24, 2009 Before FRANK H. EASTERBROOK , Chief Judge RICHARD D. C UDAHY, Circuit Judge KENNETH F. RIPPLE , Circuit Judge No. 08-4047 JAMES J. FOSKETT and MARY C. FOSKETT , Plaintiffs, v. GREAT WOLF RESORTS, INC. and GREAT BEAR LODGE OF WISCONSIN DELLS, LLC, Defendants-Third Party Plaintiffs-Appellees, v. TALL PINES DEVELOPMENT OF WISCONSIN DELLS, LLC, Third Party Defendant-Appellant. Order After our initial decision, 518 F.3d 518 (7th Cir. 2008), which held that the Sellers are entitled to indemnity, all Sellers asked the district court to award attorneys' fees as Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin. No. 06 C 0503 S Barbara B. Crabb, Chief Judge. This successive appeal has been submitted to the original panel under Operating Procedure 6(b). After examining the briefs and the record, we have concluded that oral argument is unnecessary. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a); Cir. R. 34(f). No. 08-4047 Page 2 part of that indemnity. The district court granted these motions, with one exception: it held that Tall Pines, one of the Sellers, is not entitled to indemnity for the attorneys' fees paid to Crivello Carlson, S.C. The court concluded that these fees are excluded by 10.5(d) of the asset purchase agreement. This provides: "Neither party shall have an obligation to indemnify another party hereto with respect to any Claim ... to the extent that there are insurance proceeds collectible by the Indemnified Party with respect thereto, regardless of whether the Indemnified Party chooses to submit a claim against such insurance policy." The parties call this the Insurance Offset clause. Crivello Carlson's bills were paid by Tall Pines's insurance carrier and therefore were within the scope of the Insurance Offset, the district court held. Tall Pines's principal argument on appeal is that the district court did not follow the law of the case. That doctrine concerns the effect of a court's own decisions on future proceedings, and the district court did not contradict itself. The relevant doctrine would be the mandate rule--the requirement that a district court carry out the court of appeals' decision. Nothing that the district judge did on remand violated our mandate. We held that the Sellers are entitled to indemnity. We were not asked to decide, and did not decide, whether that indemnity included attorneys' fees that had been paid by an insurer. The district court applied the Insurance Offset correctly. Tall Pines contends that the Insurance Offset is limited to insurance indemnity, and that other payments by an insurer, such as those to lawyers who conduct the defense under the policy, are outside its scope. But 10.5(d) does not distinguish between payment of indemnity and payment of defense costs. It speaks of insurance "proceeds" generally. Tall Pines does not contend that Wisconsin, whose law supplies the rule of decision in this diversity litigation, understands "insurance proceeds" to mean only indemnity. What is more, 10 expressly includes defense costs in its definition of the term "claim" as used in the Insurance Offset. ("As used in Section 10, the term Claim shall include ... all reasonable costs and expenses (including ... reasonable attorneys fees and costs) of investigating, defending or successfully asserting any of the foregoing or of successfully enforcing this agreement.") The judgment of the district court therefore is affirmed.

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