USA v. Svetoslav Nedelchev
Filed Nonprecedential Disposition PER CURIAM. Counsel's motion to withdraw is GRANTED and the appeal is DISMISSED as frivolous. Diane P. Wood, Chief Judge; Frank H. Easterbrook, Circuit Judge and Ilana Diamond Rovner, Circuit Judge [6847162-2] [6872341-1]  [16-4202]
To be cited only in accordance with Fed. R. App. P. 32.1
United States Court of Appeals
For the Seventh Circuit
Chicago, Illinois 60604
Submitted September 19, 2017
Decided September 28, 2017
DIANE P. WOOD, Chief Judge
FRANK H. EASTERBROOK, Circuit Judge
ILANA DIAMOND ROVNER, Circuit Judge
Appeal from the United
States District Court for the
Northern District of Illinois,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
No. 14 CR 131
Ronald A. Guzmán, Judge.
Svetoslav Nedelchev pleaded guilty to one count of wire fraud, 18 U.S.C. §1343, for
his part in a scheme managed by Gheorgui Martov. It is the same scheme as the one
discussed in United States v. Popovski, No. 16-4178, which is also being decided today,
but Popovski and Nedelchev pleaded guilty to different counts of the indictment.
Nedelchev was a manager or supervisor, and he defrauded 607 victims, so his offense
level under the Sentencing Guidelines was greater than Popovski’s, and his sentence is
64 months’ imprisonment compared with Popovski’s 30 months. Like Popovski,
Nedelchev received a sentence in the middle of the Guidelines’ range.
Nedelchev’s appellate lawyer has filed an Anders brief, see Anders v. California, 386
U.S. 264 (1967), asking us to relieve him of the representation because the appeal is frivolous. Counsel represents that Nedelchev does not wish to withdraw his plea or otherwise contest his conviction, so the only possible appellate issues concern the sentence.
Counsel goes through each element of the offense level under the Guidelines and concludes that there is no nonfrivolous issue with respect to any of them, nor is there a
plausible contention that the within-range sentence is unreasonable.
Popovski contended on appeal that intended loss had been calculated incorrectly.
(That contention did not succeed but was not frivolous.) No such argument is available
to Nedelchev, who stipulated as part of his plea agreement to the intended loss ultimately used to calculate his Guidelines range. The three levels added for being a manager or supervisor, see U.S.S.G. §3B1.1(b), likewise are beyond plausible contest, because Nedelchev was heard on a wiretap intercept telling Martov that he had recruited
and was using three other people to withdraw money from ATMs. The two levels added for defrauding more than 10 victims likewise, U.S.S.G. §2B1.1(b)(2)(A)(i), cannot be
contested, because Nedelchev stipulated to having 607 victims. None of the other ingredients of the calculation is remotely open to appellate debate.
Nedelchev was notified under Circuit Rule 51 of his lawyer’s desire to withdraw,
and a copy of the Anders brief was sent to him. He requested and received several extensions of time to file a response. His most recent request, received on September 15,
asks for an additional 30 days. He has already had more than 70 days beyond the original deadline of July 13, 2017, and this latest request is denied. Nedelchev does not hint
at any nonfrivolous issue or say, even in general terms, what contentions he proposes to
raise if given more time. Appeals cannot be extended indefinitely, and it is time to resolve this one.
Counsel’s motion to withdraw is granted, and the appeal is dismissed as frivolous.
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