Earl Freeman v. United State


PER CURIAM OPINION FILED - THE COURT: Roger L. Wollman, James B. Loken and Duane Benton (UNPUBLISHED) [4280563] [14-3436]

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United States Court of Appeals For the Eighth Circuit ___________________________ No. 14-3436 ___________________________ Earl William Freeman lllllllllllllllllllllPetitioner - Appellant v. United States of America lllllllllllllllllllllRespondent - Appellee ____________ Appeal from United States District Court for the Southern District of Iowa - Des Moines ____________ Submitted: May 18, 2015 Filed: June 1, 2015 [Unpublished] ____________ Before WOLLMAN, LOKEN, and BENTON, Circuit Judges. ____________ PER CURIAM. Earl William Freeman appeals after the district court1 denied his 28 U.S.C. § 2255 motion and granted a certificate of appealability. After careful review, this 1 The Honorable Robert W. Pratt, United States District Judge for the Southern District of Iowa. Appellate Case: 14-3436 Page: 1 Date Filed: 06/01/2015 Entry ID: 4280563 court affirms. See United States v. Luke, 686 F.3d 600, 604 (8th Cir. 2012) (standard of review). In March 2011, Freeman pled guilty to conspiring to manufacture and distribute methamphetamine. He was sentenced to 240 months in prison in May 2012. In April 2013, he filed a section 2255 motion, in which he alleged that his trial counsel was ineffective for failing to file a motion to suppress evidence. Relying on United States v. Jones, 132 S. Ct. 945, 949 (2012), he argued that officers violated the Fourth Amendment by attaching a global positioning system (GPS) device to his vehicle without a search warrant and by monitoring his movements in the days preceding his March 2010 arrest. This court concludes Freeman failed to show deficient performance by counsel or prejudice, because he did not show that the evidence would have been suppressed. See Kimmelman v. Morrison, 477 U.S. 365, 375 (1986) (where ineffective-assistance allegation is that counsel failed to competently litigate Fourth Amendment claim, petitioner must demonstrate prejudice by proving that Fourth Amendment claim is meritorious and that there is reasonable probability that verdict would have been different absent excludable evidence); Strickland v. Washington, 466 U.S. 668, 68788, 694 (1984) (to establish ineffective assistance, petitioner must show deficient performance and prejudice); Anderson v. United States, 762 F.3d 787, 794 (8th Cir. 2014) (counsel is not ineffective for failing to pursue suppression motion that he reasonably believes would be futile). At the time of the officers’ conduct, they reasonably could have relied on United States v. Knotts, 460 U.S. 276 (1983), and United States v. Karo, 468 U.S. 705 (1984), as binding precedent permitting the use of a GPS tracking device on a suspect’s vehicle without a warrant. See Davis v. United States, 131 S. Ct. 2419, 2423-24, 2434 (2011) (search conducted in objectively reasonable reliance on binding appellate precedent—which is later overruled— is not subject to exclusionary rule); United States v. Robinson, 781 F.3d 453, 458-60 & n.2 (8th Cir. 2015) (applying Davis good-faith exception to officers’ -2- Appellate Case: 14-3436 Page: 2 Date Filed: 06/01/2015 Entry ID: 4280563 use of GPS tracking device on suspect’s vehicle for 2 months without search warrant, because officers in January 2010 could have reasonably relied on Knotts and Karo as binding appellate precedent permitting warrantless GPS use); see also Karo, 468 U.S. at 712-13 (finding constitutional officers’ installation of beeper inside can transferred to target); Knotts, 460 U.S. at 281-82, 285 (finding no Fourth Amendment violation in monitoring vehicle with tracking beeper when surveillance amounted principally to following vehicle on public streets; person traveling in vehicle on public thoroughfares has no reasonable expectation of privacy in his movements from one place to another). Contrary to Freeman’s argument, Iowa state law does not alter the analysis. See United States v. Barraza-Maldonado, 732 F.3d 865, 869 (8th Cir. 2013) (whether state law required officers to obtain court order authorizing GPS monitoring of vehicle is irrelevant, as legality of search and seizure in federal prosecution is governed solely by Fourth Amendment principles). The judgment is affirmed. ______________________________ -3- Appellate Case: 14-3436 Page: 3 Date Filed: 06/01/2015 Entry ID: 4280563

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