United States v. Heather Tolliver


PER CURIAM OPINION FILED - THE COURT: Roger L. Wollman, Morris S. Arnold and Lavenski R. Smith (UNPUBLISHED); Granting [4340464-2] motion to withdraw as counsel filed by Ms. Heather Quick. [4365861] [15-3358]

Download PDF
United States Court of Appeals For the Eighth Circuit ___________________________ No. 15-3358 ___________________________ United States of America lllllllllllllllllllll Plaintiff - Appellee v. Heather Lynn Tolliver lllllllllllllllllllll Defendant - Appellant ____________ Appeal from United States District Court for the Northern District of Iowa, Waterloo ____________ Submitted: February 8, 2016 Filed: February 11, 2016 [Unpublished] ____________ Before WOLLMAN, ARNOLD, and SMITH, Circuit Judges. ____________ PER CURIAM. While Heather Tolliver was serving a period of supervised release on a federal criminal sentence, her probation officer petitioned the district court1 to revoke 1 The Honorable Linda R. Reade, Chief Judge, United States District Court for the Northern District of Iowa. Appellate Case: 15-3358 Page: 1 Date Filed: 02/11/2016 Entry ID: 4365861 supervised release based on several alleged violations of her release conditions. At a supervised-release revocation hearing, Ms. Tolliver admitted to some of the violations and denied others. After hearing the evidence, the district court found by a preponderance of the evidence that Ms. Tolliver had committed the contested violations. The court revoked supervised release, and sentenced her to 8 months in prison and two years of additional supervised release. On appeal, Ms. Tolliver argues that the court clearly erred in finding that she committed the contested violations. Upon careful review, we find no basis to disturb the district court’s findings. First, urinalysis test results support the finding that Ms. Tolliver failed to comply with substance-abuse testing by providing a “substituted” sample. See United States v. Black Bear, 542 F.3d 249, 252 (8th Cir. 2008) (discussing clear error review). Second, sweat-patch test results support the finding that Ms. Tolliver illegally used controlled substances and failed to truthfully answer her probation officer’s inquiries about the drug use. Notably, sweat-patch testing is a generally reliable method of determining drug use, see United States v. Meyer, 483 F.3d 865, 869-70 (8th Cir. 2007), and the results of a hair-follicle test, without more evidence as to the method and sample used, did not discredit the sweat-patch test results, especially where the district court found credible the hearing testimony establishing that the sweat patches were not contaminated, see United States v. Carothers, 337 F.3d 1017, 1019 (8th Cir. 2003) (credibility determinations are virtually unreviewable on appeal). The judgment is affirmed, and we grant counsel leave to withdraw. ______________________________ -2- Appellate Case: 15-3358 Page: 2 Date Filed: 02/11/2016 Entry ID: 4365861

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.

Why Is My Information Online?