Gay v. Hooks et al (INMATE 1)
ORDER denying 19 Motion for Relief from Judgment. Signed by Honorable W. Harold Albritton, III on 4/20/2011. (wcl, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
PHILLIP GAY, #109431,
RALPH HOOKS, et al.,
CIVIL ACTION NO. 1:07cv164-WHA
This case is before the court on Phillip Gay’s Motion for Relief from Judgment (Doc.
#19), pursuant to Rule 60(b)(4), (5), and (6), Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, in which he
seeks relief from the order and judgment entered on September 8, 2008, denying him relief on
his habeas corpus petition.
In his habeas petition, Gay challenged the Circuit Court of Coffee County's denial of his
motion for reconsideration of the sentence imposed upon him in 1988 for a first degree robbery
conviction. The petition was dismissed as the due process claim provided no basis for relief,
because the issue presented regarding the decision to deny him a sentence reduction "is purely a
question of state law...." Curry v. Culliver, 141 Fed. Appx. 832, 834 (11th Cir. 2005). In
addition, Gay failed to present any evidence to support his speculative allegation of an equal
protection violation by the trial judge. The dismissal of Gay's petition was affirmed by the
Eleventh Circuit on appeal.
In the Rule 60(b) motion, Gay argues that various state cases require the state court to
reconsider his sentence of life without parole and impose a sentence of life, as the state court's
prior denial of reconsideration based on robbery convictions imposed pre-1980 is improper
because these prior convictions are not Class A felonies and, therefore, do not render him
ineligible for a sentence reduction. This argument is factually flawed, because the trial court did
not rely on any prior convictions in denying Gay a reduction of his sentence; rather, the court
reviewed the facts and circumstances underlying his current conviction for first degree robbery
and deemed Gay a violent offender ineligible for relief from his sentence. Moreover, as noted in
the Recommendation adopted by this court, the decision to deny an inmate re-sentencing under
the amendments to the Alabama Habitual Offender Act is one of state law and, as such, provides
no basis for federal habeas relief.
The issues presented by Gay do not entitle him to habeas relief from this court, nor do
they undermine the validity of the judgment previously entered in this case. His Rule 60(b)
motion is without merit, and it is hereby
ORDERED that the motion is DENIED.
DONE this 20th day April, 2011.
/s/ W. Harold Albritton
W. HAROLD ALBRITTON
SENIOR UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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