Wallace v. Jackson
OPINION AND ORDER that (1) Plaintiff Melissa Wallace's state claim includes both theories of recovery: failure to prevent suicide and failure to provide adequate medical assistance; (2) Defendant Mark Jackson's 42 motion for summary judgm ent is construed to apply to both theories; (3) Defendant Jackson is allowed until November 5, 2010, to submit a supplemental brief and evidence on this second theory of plaintiff Wallace's state claim. Plaintiff Wallace is allowed until Novembe r 19, 2010 to file an opposition to defendant Jackson's supplemental brief and evidence. Defendant Jackson is allowed until November 29, 2010 to file a reply. Signed by Honorable Myron H. Thompson on 10/25/2010. (Attachments: # 1 Civil Appeals Checklist)(br, )
Wallace v. Jackson
IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA, SOUTHERN DIVISION
MELISSA WALLACE, as Administratrix Ad Litem of the Estate of Tony Ray Wallace, Plaintiff, v. MARK JACKSON, Defendant.
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CIVIL ACTION NO. 1:08cv1009-MHT (WO)
OPINION AND ORDER Plaintiff Melissa Wallace, as administratrix ad litem of the estate of her deceased husband, Tony Ray Wallace, brings this lawsuit against defendant Mark Jackson, a jailer at the Geneva County, Alabama Jail. Mrs. Wallace
sues Officer Jackson in his individual capacity, alleging that Jackson violated Mr. Wallace's Fourteenth Amendment rights, as enforced with through 42 U.S.C. § 1983, to by the
substantial risk that Wallace would commit suicide and by failing to stabilize him, administer CPR, or call for
medical assistance upon discovering that Wallace had hanged himself in his cell. Mrs. Wallace also brings a
state claim for wrongful death pursuant to § 6-5-410 of the 1975 Alabama Code.
A. This case is now before the court on Officer
Jackson's motion for summary judgment.1
At a pre-trial
conference held on September 17, 2010, the parties had a dispute as to the contents of Mrs. Wallace's state claim. Mrs. Wallace's counsel argued that the claim was intended to encompass both a theory of failure to prevent suicide and a theory of failure to provide adequate medical care. 1. In an opinion and order dated September 29, 2009 (Doc. 17), Wallace v. Jackson, 667 F.Supp.2d 1267 (M.D. Ala. 2009), the court granted Officer Jackson's motion to dismiss Mrs. Wallace's 42 U.S.C. § 1983 claims to the extent they rested on the Eighth Amendment, and her § 1983 Fourteenth Amendment claim for deliberate indifference to the risk that Mr. Wallace would commit suicide. Mrs. Wallace has asked, in a motion to amend, that the court reconsider its dismissal of the Fourteenth Amendment claim, an issue that the court will address when it rules on Officer Jackson's motion for summary judgment. 2
Officer Jackson's counsel maintained that the theory of failure to prevent Mr. Wallace's suicide was the only one that had been clearly made out. The court agreed to take
the matter under consideration and rule on whether the second theory of recovery would be allowed to go forward. Of course, should the court allow the second theory to go forward, there is the still the question of whether Officer Jackson's summary-judgment motion should be
understood to address this second state theory as well.
B. The court concludes, for four reasons, that Mrs. Wallace has included in her state wrongful-death claim a theory First, of in failure the to provide adequate of medical her care.
complaint, she goes into detail as to how Officer Jackson allegedly failed to give Mr. Wallace the medical For
attention he needed after he was found hanging.
example, in the following paragraphs of her complaint she alleges that: "143. Jackson did not call or have anyone call for medical help to assist with Tony. "144. Even though Jackson had been trained in CPR and `on what to do if a hanging is discovered,' Jackson did not attempt to stabilize Tony to prevent further injury. "145. The Geneva County Jail has protective devices used to administer CPR. "146. Even though Jackson had been trained in CPR and on `what to do if a hanging is discovered,' Jackson did not attempt to perform CPR on Tony." In her original complaint, at ¶ 157, Mrs. Wallace then incorporates these allegations into her state wrongfuldeath claim. It is therefore clear, based on these
incorporated detailed factual allegations of a failure to provide adequate medical attention, that her state claim includes theory. a failure-to-provide-adequate-medical-care
Later, in an amended complaint, Mrs. Wallace goes into even more detail as to how Officer Jackson allegedly failed to give Mr. Wallace the medical attention he needed after he was found hanging. For example, in the
following paragraphs of her amended complaint she alleges that: "124. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has become one of the major techniques used in saving lives. ... "127. During the jail management course, jailers are instructed that if a person is found without respiration, without a pulse and bluish in color, CPR should be administered immediately. "128. Many persons once presumed to be `dead' are alive today because CPR was started on them immediately. ... "138. Jackson was also trained and it is jail policy that CPR should be continued until the EMTs arrive. "139. Despite his training and in violation of jail policy, Jackson did not attempt to stabilize Wallace, call
an ambulance, administer CPR, or try to resuscitate Tony in any way. "140. Jackson did not check or have anyone else check to see if the ambulance had left the parking lot. "141. Jackson did not call or have anyone call to have the ambulance come back to assist Tony. "142. If the ambulance had left the jail parking lot, it had only been gone a matter of minutes. "143. Moreover, the hospital is just three to five minutes away by car. "144. Jackson did not call or have anyone call for medical help to assist with Tony. "145. Even though Jackson had been trained in CPR and on `what to do if a hanging is discovered,' Jackson did not attempt to stabilize Tony to prevent further injury. "146. The Geneva County Jail has protective devices used to administer CPR. "147. Even though Jackson had been trained on CPR and on `what to do if a hanging is discovered,' Jackson did not attempt to perform CPR on Tony."
In her amended complaint, at ¶ 158, Mrs. Wallace then incorporates these allegations into her state wrongfuldeath claim. While there is an outstanding objection to
the allowance of this amended complaint, the amended complaint was filed before Officer Jackson filed his summary-judgment motion and thus reinforces the
conclusion that, at the time Officer Jackson filed his dispositive motion, Mrs. Wallace continued to want to include theory. Second, in her original complaint at ¶ 157 and in her amended complaint at ¶ 163, Mrs. Wallace alleges, in support of her state wrongful-death claim, that, "The Defendant Mark Jackson through his neglect, carelessness, and/or unskillfulness caused Tony Ray Wallace's death." This allegation is broad enough to include a failure-toprovide-adequate-medical-care theory. Third, Mrs. Wallace's federal and state claims rely on the same factual allegations, and Officer Jackson a failure-to-provide-adequate-medical-care
understood her federal claim to include theories of both failure to prevent suicide and failure to provide adequate medical care. It therefore should come as no surprise to
Officer Jackson that the state claim would include both theories as well. Finally, Officer Jackson will not be prejudiced by reading Mrs. Wallace's state claim to include a failureto-provide-adequate-medical-care theory. the same evidence developed in It appears that with Mrs.
Wallace's federal failure-to-provide-adequate-medical-care theory is fully sufficient to address her state failureto-provide-adequate-medical-care theory. (Indeed, for
this reason and so as to remove any ambiguity, the court, with this order, now explicitly allows Mrs. Wallace to amend her complaint to include this state theory.2) 2. Cf. Fed.R.Civ.P. 15(b)(1) ("If, at trial, a party objects that evidence is not within the issues raised in the pleadings, the court may permit the pleadings to be amended. The court should freely permit an amendment when doing so will aid in presenting the merits and the objecting party fails to satisfy the court that the evidence would prejudice that party's action or defense (continued...) 8
C. There is still the question of whether Officer Jackson should be allowed to test, with his summary-judgment motion, Mrs. Wallace's second theory of wrongful death under state law. The court holds that he should be The
allowed with his motion to test this theory as well.
court will therefore give both Mrs. Wallace and Officer Jackson an opportunity, on the pending motion for summary judgment, to address this theory. *** Accordingly, it is ORDERED as follows: (1) Plaintiff Melissa Wallace's state claim includes both theories of recovery: failure to prevent suicide and failure to provide adequate medical assistance. (2) Defendant Mark Jackson's motion for summary
judgment (Doc. 42) is construed to apply to both theories.
2. (...continued) on the merits. The court may grant a continuance to enable the objecting party to meet the evidence."). 9
(3) Defendant Jackson is allowed until November 5, 2010, to submit a supplemental brief and evidence on this second theory of plaintiff Wallace's state claim.
Plaintiff Wallace is allowed until November 19, 2010 to file an opposition to defendant Jackson's supplemental brief and evidence. Defendant Jackson is allowed until
November 29, 2010 to file a reply. DONE, this the 25th day of October, 2010. /s/ Myron H. Thompson UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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