Jones v. Ellington et al (INMATE3)
ORDER that on or before May 29, 2009, Jones shall show cause why her federal habeas petition should not be dismissed as it was not filed within the one-year limitation period established by 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1); that on or before May 29, 2009, Petitioner shall show cause why her petition should not be dismissed for failure to exhaust state court remedies; that on or before May 29, 2009, Jones shall show cause why her petition should not be dismissed to the extent she challenges her convic tion and sentence in Houston County Circuit Court Case No. CC-2005-631, as she does not satisfy the "in custody" requirement necessary to allow a federal habeas attack in that matter. Signed by Honorable Susan Russ Walker on 5/12/2009. (cc, )
IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES F O R THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA S O U T H E R N DIVISION S E N T IA J. JONES, # 180499, P e titio n e r, v EDWARD ELLINGTON, et al., R e s p o n d e n ts . ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ORDER T h is cause is before the court on a petition for habeas corpus relief under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 filed on April 6, 2009, by state inmate Sentia J. Jones ("Jones").1 By her petition, J o n e s challenges the sentence for cocaine possession entered against her in 2005 by the C irc u it Court of Houston County, Alabama. The respondents have filed an answer (Doc. No. 8 ) in which they argue, among other things, that Jones's federal habeas petition is time-barred b y the one-year limitation period applicable to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 petitions. See 28 U.S.C. § 2 2 4 4 ( d ) ( 1 ) .2
Civil Action No. 1:09cv302-TMH (WO)
The petition was date-stamped "received" in this court on April 8, 2009; however, it was signed by Jones on April 6, 2009. A pro se inmate's petition is deemed filed the date it is delivered to prison officials for mailing. Houston v. Lack, 487 U.S. 266, 271-72 (1988). "Absent evidence to the contrary in the form of prison logs or other records, [this court] must assume that [the instant petition] was delivered to prison authorities the day [Graham] signed it." Washington v. United States, 243 F.3d 1299, 1301 (11th Cir. 2001). Subsection (d) was added by the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (the "AEDPA"). This Act became effective on April 24, 1996.
L im ita tio n Period
T h e Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 was signed into law on A p ril 24, 1996, and amended the habeas corpus statute to include a one-year limitation period o n petitions filed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. This limitation period is codified at 28 U .S .C . § 2244(d) and provides that: (1 ) A 1-year period of limitation shall apply to an application for a writ of h a b e a s corpus by a person in custody pursuant to the judgment of a State court. T h e limitation period shall run from the latest of (A ) the date on which the judgment became final by the c o n c lu s io n of direct review or the expiration of the time for s e e k in g such review; (B ) the date on which the impediment to filing an a p p lic a tio n created by State action in violation of the C o n s titu tio n or laws of the United States is removed, if the a p p lic a n t was prevented from filing by such State action; (C ) the date on which the constitutional right asserted w a s initially recognized by the Supreme Court, if the right has b e e n newly recognized by the Supreme Court and made re tro a c tiv e ly applicable to cases on collateral review; or (D ) the date on which the factual predicate of the claim o r claims presented could have been discovered through the e x e rc is e of due diligence. (2 ) The time during which a properly filed application for State p o s t-c o n v ic tio n or other collateral review with respect to the pertinent j u d g m e n t or claim is pending shall not be counted toward any period of lim ita tio n under this subsection. T h e records before the court reflect that on April 11, 2005, in Houston County Circuit C o u rt Case No. CC-2003-115, Jones was convicted of unlawful possession of cocaine. She
w as sentenced on that same date to 15 years in prison. The sentence was split, with 13 years s u s p e n d e d , and Jones was ordered to serve 2 years in confinement. On December 14, 2005, a f te r Jones was convicted of a second cocaine-possession offense, her split sentence in Case N o . CC-2003-115 was revoked, and she was resentenced to 15 years' imprisonment. Jo n es argues that at the time of her December 14, 2005, resentencing, the trial court in c o rre c tly failed to credit against the sentence all time she spent in jail, out on bond pending tria l, and in community corrections. Jones took no appeal from the resentencing. The oneye a r period of limitation contained in section 2244(d)(1)(A), therefore, began to run 42 days la te r on January 25, 2006 and ran uninterrupted until it expired on January 25, 2007. See R u le 4(b)(1), Alabama Rules of Appellate Procedure. Therefore, under the circumstances o f this case, it appears that the one-year period of limitation contained in 28 U.S.C. § 2 2 4 4 (d )(1 ) expired well before Jones filed the instant habeas petition under § 2254. A c c o r d in g ly, it is ORDERED that on or before May 29, 2009, Jones shall show cause why her federal h a b e as petition should not be dismissed as it was not filed within the one-year limitation p e rio d established by 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1). B. E x h a u stio n of Claims in State Courts
T h e respondents also argue that even if Jones's habeas petition is not time-barred, J o n e s has failed to exhaust her claims in the state courts. Under Alabama law, a petition for w rit of habeas corpus filed in state court is the proper method by which to test whether the S ta te has correctly calculated time an inmate must serve in prison. Day v. State, 879 So.2d 3
1 2 0 6 , 1207 (Ala. Crim. App. 2003); see also Perkins v. State, No. CR-06-1121, 2007 WL 3 2 2 6 8 1 0 at *1 (Ala. Crim. App. Nov. 2, 2007. Federal law directs that a petition for writ of h a b e a s corpus filed by "a person in custody pursuant to the judgment of a State court shall n o t be granted unless it appears that the applicant has exhausted the remedies available in the c o u rts of the [convicting] State...." 28 U.S.C. § 2254(1)(b)(1)(A). Upon review of the p l e a d in g s in this case, it appears that Jones has not exhausted her claims in the state courts. T h is court does not deem it appropriate to rule on the merits of claims without first requiring th a t a petitioner exhaust state remedies. See 28 U.S.C. § 2254(1)(b)(2). A c c o r d in g ly, it is ORDERED that on or before May 29, 2009, Petitioner shall show cause why her p e t itio n should not be dismissed for failure to exhaust state court remedies. C. " In Custody" Requirement
T h e respondents note that Jones appears also to challenge her conviction and sentence in Houston County Circuit Court Case No. CC-2005-631. However, the respondents contend th a t Jones has completed her sentence in that case and thus cannot challenge the conviction a n d sentence. A petitioner cannot challenge a conviction for which he is not "in custody." "The f e d era l habeas statute gives the United States District Courts jurisdiction to entertain petitions f o r habeas relief only from persons who are `in custody in violation of the Constitution or law s or treaties of the United States.' 28 U.S.C. § 2241(c)(3); see also 28 U.S.C. § 2254(a)." M a le n g v. Cook, 490 U.S. 488, 490 (1989). It appears from the records before this court that 4
J o n e s has completed her sentence in Houston County Circuit Court Case No. CC-2005-631. It thus appears that to the extent Jones challenge her conviction and sentence in that case, her h a b e as petition is due to be dismissed for lack of subject-matter jurisdiction. A c c o rd in g ly, it is O R D E R E D that on or before May 29, 2009, Jones shall show cause why her petition s h o u ld not be dismissed to the extent she challenges her conviction and sentence in Houston C o u n ty Circuit Court Case No. CC-2005-631, as she does not satisfy the "in custody" req u irem en t necessary to allow a federal habeas attack in that matter.
Done this 12th day of May, 2009.
/s/Susan Russ Walker. SUSAN RUSS WALKER CHIEF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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