Smith v. Price et al (INMATE2)
ORDER that the Petitioner SHOW CAUSE on or before November 17, 2009 why his habeas corpus petition should not be dismissed for failure to exhaust state remedies. Show Cause Response due by 11/17/2009. Signed by Honorable Terry F. Moorer on 10/27/2009. (br, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA SOUTHERN DIVISION ____________________________ DARRIEK DEWAYNE SMITH, #265 143 Petitioner, v. CHERYL PRICE, WARDEN et al., Respondents. ____________________________ * * * * * ORDER 1:09-CV-909-TMH (WO)
This cause is before the court on a petition for habeas corpus relief filed by Petitioner, Darriek Smith. In this petition Petitioner challenges the constitutionality of his confinement on pending state criminal charges pursuant to orders of the Circuit Court for Houston County, Alabama.1 In an answer filed on October 26, 2009 Respondents assert that Petitioner has failed to exhaust available state remedies with respect to each of the claims now pending before this court. Specifically, Respondents maintain that Petitioner's claim of speedy trial
Petitioner filed this action on a form for use in filing habeas corpus applications under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 and it was docketed as such. (See Doc. No. 1.) Based on Respondents' answer and supporting evidentiary materials it is clear, however, that Petitioner seeks to challenge a criminal charge pending against him before the Circuit Court for Houston County, Alabama. A pretrial petition challenging ongoing state criminal proceedings is properly brought under 28 U.S.C. § 2241. See Hughes v. Attorney Gen. of Florida, 377 F.3d 1258, 1261 (11th Cir. 2004) (stating that pre-trial habeas challenge to state custody is properly brought under § 2241); Medberry v. Crosby, 351 F.3d 1049, 1060 (11th Cir. 2003) (same); Stringer v. Williams, 161 F.3d 259, 262 (5th Cir. 1998) (construing petition filed to seek release from pending state criminal proceeding as brought under 28 U .S.C. § 2241 rather than 28 U.S.C. § 2254 ); Dickerson v. Louisiana, 816 F.2d 220, 224 (5th Cir. 1987) (same). Thus, this court construes Petitioner's petition as seeking relief pursuant to § 2241.
violations may properly be brought in the ongoing criminal case by filing a state habeas corpus petition requesting a speedy trial or he may file a petition for writ of mandamus in the Court of Criminal Appeals or the Alabama Supreme Court raising the speedy trial claim.2 With regard to Petitioner's claims regarding an invalid arrest warrant, the
prosecution's failure to provide evidence, and ineffective assistance of counsel, Respondents argue that if Petitioner is convicted, he will have an opportunity to challenge the validity of the conviction and/or sentence in the state courts and should do so before presenting any such challenges in federal court. (Doc. No. 6 at pgs. 9-10.) "Although the statutory language of § 2241 itself does not contain a requirement that a petitioner exhaust state remedies, . . . the requirements of § 2254 -- including exhaustion of state remedies -- apply to" Petitioner as he challenges the validity of state court actions which resulted in his confinement and remain a potential basis for his confinement until resolution of the criminal charge pending against him in the state courts of Houston County, Alabama. Dill v. Holt, 371 F.3d 1301, 1302 (11th Cir. 2004). "`[T]he writ of habeas corpus is a single post-conviction remedy principally governed by two
different statutes,' § 2241 and § 2254, with the second of those statutes serving to limit the authority granted in the first one. [Medberry v. Crosby, 351 F.3d 1049, 1059-1062 (11th Cir. 2003)]. For that reason, even though [Petitioner] brought his petition seeking habeas relief under § 2241, he is nevertheless subject to § 2254's exhaustion requirement" because the
Respondents note that Petitioner has a trial date scheduled for December 7, 2009. (Doc. No. 6 at
custody he seeks to challenge arises from the orders of a state court. Dill, 371 F.3d at 1302-1303. The law directs that this court shall not grant relief on a petition for writ of habeas corpus "unless it appears that the applicant has exhausted the remedies available in the courts of the State ..." 28 U.S.C. § 2254(1)(b)(1)(A). Upon review of the pleadings filed in this case, it is clear that Petitioner has not yet exhausted his available state court remedies with respect to each of the claims presented in the instant petition for habeas corpus relief. This court does not deem it appropriate to rule on the merits of Petitioner's claims without first requiring that he exhaust state remedies. See 28 U.S.C. § 2254(1)(b)(2). Accordingly, it is ORDERED that on or before November 17, 2009 Petitioner shall SHOW CAUSE why his habeas corpus petition should not be dismissed for failure to exhaust state remedies.
Done, this 27th day of October 2009.
/s/ Terry F. Moorer TERRY F. MOORER UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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