Warren v. United States of America (INMATE 3)
ORDER OVERRULING petitioner's 26 Objections to Report and Recommendations; ADOPTING 19 REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION of the Mag Judge and it is hereby ORDERED that this 28 USC 2255 motion is DENIED, and this case is DISMISSED with prejudice. Signed by Honorable Judge W. Harold Albritton, III on 3/29/12. (djy, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
RONNIE LEE WARREN,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
CIVIL ACTION NO. 1:09cv1125-WHA
This case is before the court on the Recommendation of the Magistrate Judge (Doc.
#19), entered on October 26, 2011, and Petitioner’s Objections to the Recommendation
(Doc. #26), filed on March 27, 2012. Upon an independent evaluation and de novo review
of the file in this case, the court finds the objections to be without merit.
In his objections to the Recommendation, Warren contends that his counsel did not
consult with him about the advantages and disadvantages of appealing. (Doc. No. 26 at
pp. 1-3.) However, Warren did not assert this claim, in any manner, in his § 2255 motion
or the amendment to his § 2255 motion. Therefore, it is not properly before this court in
his objections. Although not necessary to the disposition of this claim, it is noted that the
plea agreement contained a waiver provision whereby Warren relinquished his rights to
appeal and collaterally attack his conviction and sentence except on grounds of ineffective
assistance of counsel and prosecutorial misconduct. At the change of plea hearing,
Warren stated under oath that he and his counsel had reviewed and discussed the plea
agreement, and that he understood its terms, including the waiver provision.
In his objections, Warren also contends that his counsel was ineffective for failing
to advise him that “he could obtain a conditional plea agreement.” (Doc. No. 26 at pp. 34.) Warren did not assert this claim in his § 2255 motion or the amendment thereto. It is
therefore not properly before this court in his objections.
Next, Warren says that the government breached the terms of the plea agreement by
failing to file a § 5K1.1 motion for downward departure. (Doc. No. 26 at p. 4.) He also
claims that his counsel erroneously advised him that the government would file such a
motion. (Id. at pp. 4-5.) These claims, too, are presented for the first time in Warren’s
objections. Therefore, they are not properly before this court.
Warren reasserts his claim, presented in his § 2255 motion, that his counsel failed
to give him proper advice about his potential sentence. (Doc. No. 26 at pp. 5-8.) As noted
in the Magistrate Judge’s Recommendation, Warren set forth almost no facts in his § 2255
motion in support of this claim and, in any event, his claim conflicts with the record,
which indicates that he entered his guilty plea fully aware of the sentence that could be
Warren reasserts his § 2255 claim that his counsel was ineffective for failing to
object when he (allegedly) was not allowed an opportunity to allocute at his sentencing
hearing. (Doc. No. 26 at p. 9.) As noted in the Recommendation, this claim lacks merit.
The transcript of the sentencing hearing reflects that the district court did in fact allow
Warren an opportunity to allocute, but that Warren declined. Counsel is not ineffective for
failing to object on a meritless ground.
Finally, Warren reasserts his claims, presented in his § 2255 motion, that his
counsel failed to object to his “overstated” criminal history in his PSI. (Doc. No. 26 at pp.
9-10.) In this regard, Warren maintains that his two prior Geneva County convictions
should have been treated as a single sentence of imprisonment for purposes of calculating
his criminal history points, which would have resulted in his being classified with a lower
Criminal History Category (and a lower guideline sentencing range). However, as noted
in this court’s Recommendation, Warren’s claim is without merit. His convictions in
Geneva County Case Nos. CC-90-57 and CC-93-109 were correctly counted as two
separate sentences of imprisonment. It is clear from the record that these two convictions
stemmed from events separated significantly by time (three years), that the two
convictions did not arise out of the same course of conduct, that Warren was arrested
separately for the different offenses (in January 1990 and in April 1993), that he was
charged separately for the offenses, and that the sentences for the two convictions were
imposed on different dates (April 1991 and March 1994). Therefore, there was no basis
for Warren’s counsel to argue that the PSI “overstated” his criminal history.
Therefore, Petitioner’s objections are OVERRULED, the court ADOPTS the
Recommendation of the Magistrate Judge, and it is hereby
ORDERED that this 28 U.S.C. § 2255 motion is DENIED, and this case is
DISMISSED with prejudice.
DONE this 29th day of March, 2012.
/s/ W. Harold Albritton
W. HAROLD ALBRITTON
SENIOR UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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