Freeman v. Astrue
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER that Dft's 16 Motion to Reverse and Remand is GRANTED and this case is hereby REMANDED pursuant to sentence four of 42 USC §405(g), for further administrative proceedings in accordance with the motion. Signed by Honorable Judge Terry F. Moorer on 6/27/2011. Copies mailed to SSA Chief Judge and SSA Office of Hearings and Appeals.(wcl, )
IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
LILLIAN A. FREEMAN o/b/o,
MICHAEL J. ASTRUE,
Commissioner of Social Security,
Case No. 1:10-cv-997-TFM
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Plaintiff Lillian A. Freeman o/b/o T.L.J. (“Plaintiff” or “Freeman”) initially filed her
application for supplemental security income on March 18, 2008. The application was denied and
a timely request for an administrative hearing was filed. On April 29, 2010, a hearing was held
before an Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) who subsequently issued a decision denying Freeman’s
application on May 7, 2010. The Appeals Council declined to review the case and Freeman filed
her complaint to this Court on November 22, 2010. Doc. 1. In response, the Commissioner of
Social Security (“Defendant” or “Commissioner”) filed his Motion to Remand and Reverse with
Suggestions in Support. ( Doc. 16, file June 16, 2011). The Commissioner seeks a sentence four
remand, under 42 U.S.C. §405(g). Plaintiff’s Response to Defendant’s Motion to Reverse and
Remand (Doc. 20, filed June 15, 2011) opposes the Commissioner’s request and instead seeks a
reversal with a judgment of benefits.
After due consideration of the submissions and applicable law, the Court concludes that the
Commissioner’s motion to remand is due to be granted to the extent herein indicated.
The Commissioner’s motion indicates that both the agency’s counsel and the Appeals
Council have determined remand is appropriate to consider “Plaintiff’s subsequent favorable
application to determine whether it contains evidence that pertains to the time period relevant to this
case and whether a fully favorable decision can be issued-thereby rendering judical review
unnecessary.” Doc 18. at 1-2. The Commissioner correctly cites to this Court’s authority to remand
this case pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) which provides “[t]he court shall have power to enter, upon
the pleadings and transcript of the record, a judgment affirming, modifying, or reversing the decision
of the Commissioner, with or without remanding the cause for a rehearing.” The Commissioner
requests that this Court reverse and remand with special instructions pursuant to Shalala v. Schaefer,
509 U.S. 292, 113 S.Ct. 2625, 125 L.Ed.2d 239 (1993), Fed. R. Civ P. 58, and sentence four of 42
U.S.C. § 405(g).
Plaintiff objects based on the premise that this Court is required to accept as true the opinion
of the treating physician, Dr. McCleod, and the testimony of Ms. Freeman based on Plaintiff’s
interpretation of MacGregor v. Bowen, 786 F.2d 1050 (11th Cir. 1986). See Doc. 16 at 2, Doc. 20
at 2 (citing to Doc. 11 at 11 - 12) (wherein all documents cited indicate that the primary issue is
whether the Court must accept as true the above cited evidence). In MacGregor the court states
“[t]he testimony of a treating physician must ordinarily be given substantial or considerable weight
unless good cause is shown to the contrary.” MacGregor, 786 F.2d at 1053. Additionally, “[t]he
Secretary must specify what weight is given to a treating physician’s opinion and any reason for
giving no weight, and failure to do so is reversible error. Id. (citing Broughton v. Heckler, 776 F.2d
960, 961-62 (11th Cir. 1985)).
The Commissioner distinguishes MacGregor by noting the ALJ completely ignored the
physician’s testimony and in the present case the ALJ did address the physician’s opinions, as well
as Ms. Freeman’s testimony, but not to the satisfaction of Plaintiff. Doc. 18 at 3. Therefore, the
Commissioner argues the Court need not apply MacGregor in this case as the ALJ did not
completely ignore their opinions.
“There is language in MacGregor v. Bowen,  and Cannon v. Bowen,  for the proposition
that, if a law judge fails clearly to articulate reasons for rejecting the plaintiff’s subjective
complaints, that evidence must be accepted as true as a matter of law.” Carpenter v. Astrue, 2011
WL 767652 at *5 (M.D. Fla. 2001) (unpublished) (citing MacGregor v. Bowen, 786 F.2d 1050 (11th
Cir. 1986) and Cannon v. Bowen, 858 F.2d 1541 (11th Cir. 1988)). However, an earlier panel
remanded to the agency for further consideration in cases such as is before this Court. This is the
proposition which must be followed, regardless of subsequent cases. Id.
“Under the well-established prior panel precedent rule of this Circuit, the holding of the first
panel to address an issue is the law of this Circuit, thereby binding all subsequent panels unless and
until the first panel’s holding is overruled by the Court sitting en banc or by the Supreme Court.”
Smith v. GTE Corp., 236 F.3d 1292, 1300 n.8 (11th Cir. 2001); see also Cargill v. Turpin, 120 F.3d
1366 (11th Cir. 1997) (stating that “[t]he law of this circuit is ‘emphatic’ that only the Supreme
Court or this court sitting en banc can judicially overrule a prior panel decision. (citing United States
v. Woodard, 938 F.2d 1255, 1258 (11th Cir. 1991), cert. denied, 502 U.S. 1109, 112 S.Ct. 1210, 117
L.Ed.2d 449 (1992) (emphasis in original). The decision in MacGregor was not the Eleventh Circuit
sitting en banc nor was it based upon any cited Supreme Court intervening case law. See Carpenter,
2011 WL 767652, at *5 (stating “MacGregor did, in fact, announce the prinicple, but provided no
case authority (or any other authority) for it.”)
When there exists a conflict between Eleventh Circuit decisions, the earliest panel decision
is the binding case to follow. Cohen v. Office Depot, Inc., 204 F.3d 1069, 1072 (11th Cir. 2000),
cert. denied, 531 U.S. 957, 121 S.Ct. 381, 148 L.Ed.2d 294 (2000) (discussing a previous decision
conflicting with a more recent case and stating “where two prior panel decisions conflict we are
bound to follow the oldest one.” quoting United States v. Steele, 147 F.3d 1316, 1318 (11th Cir.
1998) (en banc)). For cases wherein the primary dispute is that of failing to clearly articulate the
reasons behind rejecting evidence presented to the ALJ, “the Eleventh Circuit and the former Fifth
Circuit remanded cases to the agency when there was a failure to provide an adequate credibility
determination.” Carpenter, 2011 WL 767652 at *5 (citing e.g., Boyd v. Heckler, 704 F.2d 1207,
1211 (11th Cir. 1983)). Remanding cases with credibility determinations back to the agency is the
action applied to cases subsequent to the MacGregor, further demonstrating the applicability of the
prior panel decision. Id; Johns v. Bowen, 821 F.2d 551, 557 (11th Cir. 1987); Mason v. Bowen, 791
F.2d 1460, 1462 (11th Cir. 1986). The Commissioner also notes in the motion for remand that the
principle of allowing the administration to deal with these clarifications has been recently upheld
in Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Ventura, 537 U.S. 12, 16, 123 S.Ct. 353, 355, 154
L.Ed.2d 272 (2002), wherein the Supreme Court reaffirms the principle that “the proper course,
except in rare circumstances, is to remand to the agency for additional investigation or explanation.”
Id. (citing SEC v. Chenery Corp., 332 U.S. 194, 196, 67 S.Ct. 1575, 91 L.Ed. 1995 (1947)).
A remand is clearly in order in this case since the law judge made a credibility determination,
but did not adequately explain it.
Accordingly, it is ORDERED that Defendant’s Motion to Reverse and Remand is
GRANTED and this case is hereby REMANDED pursuant to sentence four of 42 U.S.C. §405(g),
for further administrative proceedings in accordance with the motion. A separate judgment is
DONE this 27th day of June, 2011.
/s/ Terry F. Moorer
TERRY F. MOORER
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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