Carver v. Astrue(CONSENT)
ORDER that the motion for attorney's fees 17 is GRANTED to the extent that plaintiff is AWARDED fees in the total amount of $3,884.30. Signed by Honorable Judge Susan Russ Walker on 10/4/2013. (jg, )
IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
JAMES DEWAYNE CARVER,
CAROLYN W. COLVIN, Acting
Commissioner of Social Security,
CIVIL ACTION NO. 1:11CV160-SRW
In this Social Security appeal, the court entered judgment reversing the decision of the
Commissioner and remanding this case for further administrative proceedings. This action
is presently before the court on plaintiff’s motion for attorney’s fees pursuant to the Equal
Access to Justice Act (EAJA), 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d). (Doc. # 17). Under the EAJA, the court
is required to award attorney’s fees to the prevailing plaintiff in a Social Security appeal
“unless the court finds that the position of the United States was substantially justified or that
special circumstances make an award unjust.” 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A). See also
Gisbrecht v. Barnhart, 535 U.S. 789, 796 (2002). The Commissioner objects to any award
of fees, arguing that her position was “substantially justified.” (Doc. # 20).
“The government’s position is substantially justified under the EAJA when it is
‘justified to a degree that would satisfy a reasonable person’ – i.e., when it has a reasonable
basis in both law and fact.” United States v. Douglas, 55 F.3d 584, 588 (11th Cir. 1995)
(quoting Pierce v. Underwood, 487 U.S. 552, 565 (1988)). “The government bears the
burden of showing that its position was substantially justified.” U.S. v. Jones, 125 F.3d
1418, 1425 (11th Cir. 1997)(citation omitted); see also U.S. v. Aisenberg, 358 F.3d 1327,
1339 n. 18 (11th Cir. 2004)(observing that 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d) “also contains this burden
of proof: the United States must show that its position was ‘substantially justified or that
special circumstances make an award unjust,’ when defending an application for attorney’s
fees.”). In this case, the reasons stated ALJ for rejecting plaintiff’s subjective pain testimony
were inadequate. In rejecting plaintiff’s credibility, the ALJ stated, “The undersigned noted
that claimant has a history of drug and alcohol abuse rehabilitation and claimant is ready to
work.” (R. 37). He cited no specific evidence, and the evidence the court located in the
record that may have been the basis for the ALJ’s credibility determination pertained to a
time period a year and a half before plaintiff’s alleged onset date. On review, the Appeals
Council also rejected plaintiff’s subjective complaints, but gave no reason for its credibility
finding. (R. 9). Before this court, the Commissioner advanced post hoc reasons – not stated
by either the ALJ or the Appeals Council – for the adverse credibility determination. (Doc.
# 13, p. 14). The court concludes that the Commissioner’s position lacked substantial
justification, both at the administrative level and on appeal to this court.
Absent a substantial justification for the government’s position,1 the plaintiff is
The position which must be substantially justified to avoid an award of EAJA fees includes, “in
addition to the position taken by the United States in the civil action, the action or failure to act by the agency
upon which the civil action is based.” 28 U.S.C. 2412(d)(2)(D); see also Commissioner, I.N.S. v. Jean, 496
U.S. 154, 159 (1990)(“position” of the United States “may encompass both the agency’s prelitigation conduct
and the Department of Justice’s subsequent litigation positions”). The Commissioner has not established that
her position was substantially justified at the hearing decision, the Appeals Council review or before this
court; to carry her burden in opposing the present motion, she had to demonstrate a reasonable basis in fact
entitled to an award of fees under the EAJA. The plaintiff seeks fees in the total amount of
$3,909.53. The Commissioner does not challenge any of the hours expended by counsel as
unreasonable nor does she challenge the hourly rate. The court concludes that the time
expended by plaintiff’s counsel is reasonable.
Upon consideration of the motion, and for good cause, it is
ORDERED that the motion for attorney’s fees (Doc. # 17) is GRANTED to the extent
that plaintiff is AWARDED fees in the total amount of $3,884.30.2
DONE, this 4th day of October, 2013.
/s/ Susan Russ Walker
SUSAN RUSS WALKER
CHIEF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
and law at all of these stages of the proceedings.
Plaintiff seeks fees for: (1) 18.8 hours of work in 2011 at the hourly rate of $180.59; (2) 1.8 hours
of work in 2012 at the rate of $183.73, and (3) 1 hour of work expended in replying to the Commissioner’s
objection to his EAJA petition at the rate of $183.73. (Doc. ##18, 23). Taking judicial notice of the CPI-U
“All Items Index” for the South census region, the court calculates the appropriate hourly rates to be $179.31
per hour for 2011, $183.11 per hour for 2012, and $ 183.67 per hour for time expended in January 2013.
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