Harris v. Astrue
ORDER directing that the 17 motion for attorney's fees be and is hereby GRANTED to the extent that the plaintiff be and is hereby AWARDED fees in the amount of $1,687.50; the motion that fees be paid directly to counsel is hereby DENIED, as further set out. Signed by Honorable Judge Charles S. Coody on 10/25/12. (scn, )
IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
REGINA MICHELLE HARRIS,
MICHAEL J. ASTRUE,
COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL
CIVIL ACTION NO. 1:11cv310-CSC
MEMORANDUM OPINION and ORDER
On October 5, 2012, the plaintiff filed a motion for attorney’s fees pursuant to the
Equal Access to Justice Act (EAJA), 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d). (Doc. # 17). The Commissioner
objects to an award of fees because his “position was substantially justified.” (Def’s Res.,
doc. # 19, at 1).
Contending she was disabled, the plaintiff applied for and was denied disability
insurance benefits by the Commissioner. After her application was denied, she sought
judicial review in this court. On July 25, 2012, the court concluded that the ALJ erred and
remanded the case for further proceedings.
A Social Security disability claimant is a prevailing party entitled to seek EAJA fees
when the claimant obtains a remand for reconsideration of her case by the Commissioner.
See Shala v. Schaefer, 509 U.S. 292, 300-01 (1993). Thus, the plaintiff is a prevailing party.
Under the EAJA, the court “shall award” attorney’s fees “unless the court finds that
the position of the United States was substantially justified or that special circumstances
make an award unjust.” 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A). See also Gisbrecht v. Barnhart, 535
U.S. 789, 796 (2002). “The government’s position is substantially justified under the EAJA
when it is justified to a degree that would satisfy a reasonable person - i.e. when it has a
reasonable basis in both law and fact. The government bears the burden of showing that its
position was substantially justified.” United States v. Douglas, 55 F.3d 584, 588 (11th Cir.
1995) (quoting Pierce v. Underwood, 487 U.S. 552, 565 (1988).
The court concluded that a remand was necessary because the ALJ failed to address
the effect of a marked limitation in the plaintiff’s ability to respond appropriately to usual
work situations in his hypothetical questions to the vocational expert. “When the ALJ uses
a vocational expert, the ALJ will pose hypothetical question(s) to the vocational expert to
establish whether someone with the limitations that the ALJ has previously determined that
the claimant has will be able to secure employment in the national economy.” Phillips v.
Barnhart, 357 F.3d 1232, 1240 (11th Cir. 2004). A vocational expert’s testimony is fatally
deficient if the ALJ’s hypothetical questions fail to precisely set out all of the claimant’s
impairments. See Wilson v. Barnhart, 284 F.3d 1219, 1227 (11th Cir. 2002) citing Jones v.
Apfel, 190 F.3d 1224, 1229 (11th Cir. 1999). See also Harrell v. Harris, 610 F.2d 355, 359
(5th Cir. 1980) (citing with approval Stephens v. Secretary of Health, Ed. and Welfare, 603
F.2d 36, 41 - 42 (8th Cir. 1979).
The court “[wa]s left with substantial doubt about whether the ALJ properly
determined as a matter of law whether the plaintiff’s impairment does not preclude her from
working,” and thus, the court concluded that a remand was necessary for “the ALJ [to] make
appropriate inquiry about the effect of the plaintiff’s marked impairment on her ability to
perform her past relevant work or any job in the national economy.” (Mem. Op., doc. # 15
at 8). This case was remanded specifically because the ALJ failed to include the plaintiff’s
marked impairment in his questions to the vocational expert. See Pendley v. Heckler, 767
F.2d 1561, 1563 (11th Cir. 1985) (reversing ALJ’s decision for failure to incorporate severe
impairments of anxiety and depression into hypothetical questions to vocational expert).
Because the ALJ committed legal error requiring a remand for further proceedings, the
Commissioner’s position in this litigation did not have a reasonable basis in law. Pierce
requires that the government’s position be reasonable both in fact and law to be substantially
The Commissioner argues that the plaintiff is not entitled to fees because “reasonable
people can disagree about whether the Administrative Law Judge’s (ALJ’s) decision in this
case was appropriate, the Commissioner was substantially justified in this case.” (Def’s Res.,
doc. # 19, at 3). The defendant’s position misses the mark. The ALJ erred, as a matter of
law, by not fully incorporating all the plaintiff’s impairments and restrictions in the
hypothetical questions posed to the vocational expert. The court remanded the case because
the ALJ failed in his duty to properly incorporate the plaintiff’s marked impairment in his
questions the vocational expert, not because “reasonable people could disagree” about the
ALJ’s ultimate disability decision. Moreover, the arguments presented by the Commissioner
merely rehash his arguments in support of the ALJ’s determination. Consequently, the court
concludes that the Commissioner’s position was not reasonable in law and was not
substantially justified. The plaintiff is entitled to an award of fees under EAJA.
The plaintiff seeks fees in the amount of $1,687.50. The Commissioner does not
challenge any of the hours expended by counsel as unreasonable nor does he challenge the
hourly rate. Accordingly, upon consideration of the motion, and for good cause, it is
ORDERED that the motion for attorney’s fees (doc. # 17) be and is hereby
GRANTED to the extent that the plaintiff be and is hereby AWARDED fees in the amount
To the extent that plaintiff’s counsel requests that fees be awarded directly to counsel,
28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A) authorizes the court to award fees to the prevailing party.1 See
28 U.S.C. § (d)(2)(B). The motion that fees be paid directly to counsel is hereby DENIED.
Done this 25th day of October, 2012.
/s/Charles S. Coody
CHARLES S. COODY
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
On May 5, 2008, the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals decided Reeves v. Astrue, 526 F.3d
732 (11 Cir. 2008) in which the Court unambiguously held that “attorney's fees are awarded to the
prevailing party, not to the prevailing party's attorney.” Id. at 738. On June 14, 2010, the United States
Supreme Court decided Astrue v. Ratliff, 130 S.Ct. 2521 (2010) in which the Court unambiguously held
that attorney’s fees are awarded to the prevailing litigant, not to prevailing litigant’s attorney. See also
Reeves v. Astrue, 526 F.3d 732, 738 (11th Cir. 2008) (“attorney’s fees are awarded to the prevailing party,
not to the prevailing party's attorney.”).
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