Hammonds v. Patterson (INMATE 3)
ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE by Hammond why his federal habeas petition should not be denied as it was not filed within the one-year limitation period established by 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1) and for the other reasons asserted by the respondents in their answer; Show Cause Response due by 2/5/2013. Signed by Honorable Judge Susan Russ Walker on 1/15/13. (djy, )
IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
JERRY HAMMOND, # 111039,
TONY PATTERSON, et al.,
Civil Action No. 1:12cv935-TMH
The respondents have filed an answer (Doc. No. 15) in which they argue that the pro
se petition for a writ of habeas corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 filed by state inmate Jerry
Hammond (“Hammond”) is, among other things, barred by the one-year limitation period
applicable to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 petitions. See 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1).
Title 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d) provides:
(1) A 1-year period of limitation shall apply to an application for a writ
of habeas corpus by a person in custody pursuant to the judgment of a State
court. The limitation period shall run from the latest of –
(A) the date on which the judgment became final by the
conclusion of direct review or the expiration of the time for
seeking such review;
(B) the date on which the impediment to filing an
application created by State action in violation of the
Constitution or laws of the United States is removed, if the
applicant was prevented from filing by such State action;
(C) the date on which the constitutional right asserted
was initially recognized by the Supreme Court, if the right has
been newly recognized by the Supreme Court and made
retroactively applicable to cases on collateral review; or
(D) the date on which the factual predicate of the claim
or claims presented could have been discovered through the
exercise of due diligence.
(2) The time during which a properly filed application for State
post-conviction or other collateral review with respect to the pertinent
judgment or claim is pending shall not be counted toward any period of
limitation under this subsection.
28 U.S.C. § 2244(d).
Exhibits submitted by the respondents reflect that on November 21, 2003, a jury
convicted Hammond of capital murder (Resp. Exh. 6), and Hammond was thereafter
sentenced to a term of life in prison without parole (id.). Hammond appealed, and the
Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals affirmed his conviction and sentence on August 13,
2004. See Resp. Exh. 6. Hammond filed an application for rehearing, which was overruled
on September 3, 2004. Resp. Exh. 7. Hammond did not petition for certiorari review with
the Alabama Supreme Court. On September 22, 2004, the Court of Criminal Appeals issued
its certificate of judgment. Resp. Exh. 8.
Because Hammond did not seek certiorari review in the state supreme court, he was
not entitled to the additional 90 days for seeking certiorari review in the United States
Supreme Court; therefore, his conviction became final, for federal habeas purposes, on
September 22, 2004. See Pugh v. Smith, 465 F.3d 1295, 1300 (11th Cir. 2006). The one-year
period for filing his federal petition commenced on that date. Hammond filed his federal
petition on or around October 26, 2012 – more than eight years after his conviction became
Although Hammond filed a Rule 32 petition in the state trial court on or around
December 1, 2011 (see Resp. Exh. 9),1 that filing did not toll the federal limitation period,
which had already expired long before Hammond filed the Rule 32 petition. Tinker v.
Moore, 255 F.3d 1331, 1333 (11th Cir. 2001). More specifically, the federal limitation period
expired on September 22, 2005 (one year after Hammond’s conviction became final).
Because it appears that the one-year limitation period contained in 28 U.S.C. §
2244(d)(1) expired well before Hammond filed the instant petition, it is
ORDERED that on or before February 5, 2013, Hammond shall show cause why
his federal habeas petition should not be denied as it was not filed within the one-year
limitation period established by 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1) and for the other reasons asserted
by the respondents in their answer.
Done this 15th day of January, 2013.
/s/ Susan Russ Walker
SUSAN RUSS WALKER
CHIEF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
The trial court denied Hammond’s Rule 32 petition, and the Alabama Court of Criminal
Appeals later affirmed the trial court’s judgment. The state court proceedings on Hammond’s Rule
32 petition concluded on November 21, 2012, when the Court of Criminal Appeals issued a certificate
of judgment. See Resp. Exhs. 9, 13, and 14.
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