Mayo v. Whitman et al (JOINT ASSIGN)(MAG+)
ORDER: To the extent that Ms. Mayo requests a temporary restraining order, it is ORDERED that the request is DENIED as further set out in the order. It is further ORDERED that this action is REFERRED to the Magistrate Judge Honorable Susan Russ Wa lker pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 636 for further proceedings and determination or recommendation as may be appropriate. One additional matter: Ms. Mayo has listed her name as "Andrea Nichole Eggleston Mayo" on her filings in this court (Doc. 1 , at 1, 2, 30, 31; Doc. 1 -1, at 1, 7), but the docket currently lists her name as "Andrea Eggleston Mayo." The court sua sponte AMENDS the caption to reflect Ms. Mayo's correct name. The parties are DIRECTED to use the new caption as it appears on this Order for all future submission to the court, and the Clerk is DIRECTED to change the caption accordingly. Signed by Chief Judge William Keith Watkins on 11/16/2017. (dmn, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
LEE WHITMAN, et al.,
CASE NO. 1:17-CV-780-WKW
Proceeding pro se, Andrea Nichole Eggleston Mayo appears to have filed a
new action in this court related to an action filed against her in state court. (Doc.
# 1; see also Doc. # 1-1.) But Ms. Mayo’s filing could be construed as a notice of
removal of the state court action. The document docketed as her notice of removal
is styled “Petition and Verified Complaint in a New Case Seeking Protection and
Justice in 20th Circuit.” That styling, however, is handwritten above the typed—but
crossed out—phrase “Petition and Verified Petition for Warrant of Removal and
Petition for Change of Venue/Jurisdiction Due to Plaintiff’s Inability to Obtain
Justice and Equal Protection Under the Law.” (Doc. # 1, at 2.)
In any event, Ms. Mayo filed—in the state action—a Motion for Temporary
Restraining Order/Emergency Injunction, which is attached to her initial filing in
this court. (Doc. # 1-4.) To the extent that the action presently before the court
contains a request for a temporary restraining order, the request is due to be denied.
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 65(b) governs requests for temporary
restraining orders. A temporary restraining order may be issued without notice only
if “specific facts in an affidavit or a verified complaint clearly show that immediate
and irreparable injury, loss, or damage will result to the movant before the adverse
party can be heard in opposition” and the movant “certifies in writing any efforts
made to give notice and the reasons why it should not be required.” Fed. R. Civ. P.
Ms. Mayo has failed to meet the prerequisites for the exceptional remedy of a
temporary restraining order. She has not submitted an affidavit in support of her
complaint or motion for a temporary restraining order.
See Fed. R. Civ. P.
65(b)(1)(A). Nor has she submitted a verified complaint, see id.—although she
labeled her complaint a “Verified Complaint” (Doc. # 1, at 2), she did not “declare
(or certify, verify, or state) under penalty of perjury” that the allegations in her
complaint are “true and correct” as required under 28 U.S.C. § 1746. Additionally,
Ms. Mayo has not submitted the certification required by Rule 65(b)(1)(B).
Moreover, Ms. Mayo “has “not allege[d], much less satisf[ied] the burden of
persuasion of proving, that h[er] claim ha[s] a substantial likelihood of success on
the merits, which is a prerequisite to the grant of a” temporary restraining order.
McMahon v. Cleveland Clinic Found. Police Dep’t, 455 F. App’x 874, 878 (11th
Cir. 2011); see Parker v. State Bd. of Pardons & Paroles, 275 F.3d 1032, 1034–35
(11th Cir. 2001) (listing the elements for a temporary restraining order). Indeed, it
is not clear what claim Ms. Mayo is making or that this court even has jurisdiction
over this matter.
Accordingly, to the extent that Ms. Mayo requests a temporary restraining
order, it is ORDERED that the request is DENIED.
It is further ORDERED that the above-styled action is REFERRED to the
Magistrate Judge pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636 for further proceedings and
determination or recommendation as may be appropriate.
One additional matter: Ms. Mayo has listed her name as “Andrea Nichole
Eggleston Mayo” on her filings in this court (Doc. # 1, at 1, 2, 30, 31; Doc. # 1-1, at
1, 7), but the docket currently lists her name as “Andrea Eggleston Mayo.” The
court sua sponte AMENDS the caption to reflect Ms. Mayo’s correct name. The
parties are DIRECTED to use the new caption as it appears on this Order for all
future submissions to the court, and the Clerk is DIRECTED to change the caption
DONE this 16th day of November, 2017.
/s/ W. Keith Watkins
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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