McClain v. Riley et al (INMATE1)

Filing 11

REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS that 2 MOTION for Preliminary Injunction filed by Ronnie McClain be denied. Objections to R&R due by 10/19/2005. Signed by Judge Vanzetta P. McPherson on 10/5/2005. (cc, )

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McClain v. Riley et al (INMATE1) Doc. 11 Case 2:05-cv-00943-WKW-WC Document 11 Filed 10/05/2005 Page 1 of 4 IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA NORTHERN DIVISION RONNIE McCLAIN, #133958, Plaintiff, v. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) CIVIL ACTION NO. 2:05-CV-943-F [WO] BOB RILEY, et al., Defendants. R E C O M M E N D A T IO N OF THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE In this 42 U.S.C. 1983 action, Ronnie McClain ["McClain"], a state inmate, challenges the conditions of confinement to which he is subjected at the Elmore Correctional Facility and asserts claims with respect to the general conditions of correctional facilities operated by the Alabama Department of Corrections. McClain filed a motion for issuance of permanent injunction, see Court Doc. No. 2, in which he seeks issuance of an emergency injunction under Rule 65, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. The court therefore construes this document to contain a motion for preliminary injunction. Upon consideration of the motion for preliminary injunction, the court concludes that this motion is due to be denied. DISCUSSION The decision to grant or deny a preliminary injunction "is within the sound Case 2:05-cv-00943-WKW-WC Document 11 Filed 10/05/2005 Page 2 of 4 discretion of the district court . . ." Palmer v. Braun, 287 F.3d 1325, 1329 (11th Cir. 2002). The four prerequisites which McClain must demonstrate are: (1) a substantial likelihood of success on the merits; (2) a substantial threat of irreparable injury without the injunction; (3) that the harm to McClain outweighs the harm to the non-moving parties; and (4) that an injunction would be in the interest of the public. Palmer, 287 F.3d at 1329; Cate v. Oldham, 707 F.2d 1176 (11th Cir. 1983); Shatel Corp. v. Mao Ta Lumber and Yacht Corp., 697 F.2d 1352 (11th Cir. 1983). "[A] preliminary injunction is an extraordinary and drastic remedy not to be granted unless the movant clearly established the burden of persuasion" as to each of the four prerequisites. See McDonald's Corp. v. Robertson, 147 F.3d 1301, 1306 (11th Cir. 1998) (internal citations and quotations omitted); see also Texas v. Seatrain Int'l, S.A., 518 F.2d 175, 179 (5th Cir. 1975) (grant of preliminary injunction "is the exception rather than the rule," and movant must clearly carry the burden of persuasion). The moving party's failure to demonstrate a "substantial likelihood of success on the merits" may defeat the party's claim, regardless of the party's ability to establish any of the other elements. Church v. City of Huntsville, 30 F.3d 1332, 1342 (11th Cir. 1994); see also Siegel v. Lepore, 234 F.3d 1163, 1176 (11th Cir. 2000) (noting that "the absence of a substantial likelihood of irreparable injury would, standing alone, make preliminary injunctive relief improper"). McClain fails to present any evidence of a substantial likelihood of success on the merits or that he will suffer irreparable harm absent issuance of a preliminary injunction. 2 Case 2:05-cv-00943-WKW-WC Document 11 Filed 10/05/2005 Page 3 of 4 He also fails to address balancing the equities of the parties or whether the issuance of an injunction would be in the public interest. The pleadings before the court therefore fail to establish that McClain meets each of the prerequisites necessary for issuance of a preliminary injunction. CONCLUSION Accordingly, it is the RECOMMENDATION of the Magistrate Judge that the plaintiff's motion for preliminary injunction be denied. It is further ORDERED that on or before October 19, 2005 the parties may file objections to the Recommendation. Any objection must specifically identify the findings in the Recommendation objected to. Frivolous, conclusive or general objections will not be considered by the District Court. The parties are advised that this Recommendation is not a final order of the court and, therefore, it is not appealable. Failure to file written objections to the proposed findings in the Recommendation shall bar the party from a de novo determination by the District Court of issues covered in the report and shall bar the party from attacking on appeal factual findings in the report accepted or adopted by the District Court except upon grounds of plain error or manifest injustice. Nettles v. Wainwright, 677 F.2d 404 (5th Cir. 1982). See Stein v. Reynolds Securities, Inc., 667 F.2d 33 (11th Cir. 1982). See also Bonner v. City of Prichard, 661 F.2d 3 Case 2:05-cv-00943-WKW-WC Document 11 Filed 10/05/2005 Page 4 of 4 1206 (11th Cir. 1981, en banc), adopting as binding precedent all decisions of the former Fifth Circuit issued prior to September 30, 1981. Done this 5th day of October, 2005. /s/ Vanzetta Penn McPherson UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 4

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