Sutton v. Riley et al (INMATE1)

Filing 3

REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS re 1 Inmate 1983 Complaint filed by Ronald Sutton, that this case be transferred to the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama. Objections to R&R due by 5/3/2006. Signed by Judge Susan Russ Walker on 4/24/2006. (dmn)

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Sutton v. Riley et al (INMATE1) Doc. 3 Case 2:06-cv-00352-MEF-SRW Document 3 Filed 04/24/2006 Page 1 of 4 IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA NORTHERN DIVISION RONALD SUTTON, #210657, Plaintiff, v. BOB RILEY, et al., Defendants. ) ) ) ) ) CIVIL ACTION NO. 2:06-CV-352-MEF ) [WO] ) ) ) ) RECOMMENDATION OF THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE In this 42 U.S.C. 1983 action, Ronald Sutton ["Sutton"], a state inmate, complains of the conditions of confinement to which he is subjected in the Alabama prison system. Sutton also challenges the failure of correctional officials to award him correctional incentive time based on the length of his sentence.1 Sutton is currently incarcerated at the Bibb County Correctional Facility. This correctional facility is located within the jurisdiction of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama. Upon review of the factual allegations presented in the complaint, the court concludes that this case should be transferred to the United States District Court for the 1. Although the court does not deem it appropriate to address the merits of Sutton's claim of entitlement to correctional incentive time, it is clear that this claim provides no basis for relief in a 1983 action at this time as a ruling in favor of the plaintiff would necessarily affect the duration of his confinement. Edwards v. Balisok, 520 U.S. 641, 646 (1997); Heck v. Humphrey, 512 U.S. 477 (1994); Preiser v. Rodriguez, 411 U.S. 475, 500 (1973). "[H]abeas corpus is [therefore] the exclusive remedy" for such a claim, Heck, 512 U.S. at 481, and any habeas petition challenging the failure to grant correctional incentive time should be filed in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama. 1 Dockets.Justia.com Case 2:06-cv-00352-MEF-SRW Document 3 Filed 04/24/2006 Page 2 of 4 Northern District of Alabama pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1404.2 DISCUSSION A civil action filed by an inmate under authority of 42 U.S.C. 1983 "may be brought . . . in (1) a judicial district where any defendant resides, if all defendants reside in the same State, (2) a judicial district in which a substantial part of the events or omissions giving rise to the claim occurred . . . or (3) a judicial district in which any defendant may be found, if there is no district in which the action may otherwise be brought." 28 U.S.C. 1391(b). However, the law further provides that "[f]or the convenience of parties and witnesses, [and] in the interest of justice, a district court may transfer any civil action to any other district . . . where it might have been brought." 28 U.S.C. 1404(a). It is clear from Sutton's recitation of the facts that the conditions of confinement to which he is now subjected and about which he has personal knowledge are occurring at a correctional institution located in the Northern District of Alabama, an institution in which Sutton is currently incarcerated. Moreover, those individuals personally responsible for the conditions of this facility are employed at an institution outside the jurisdiction of this court. Thus, the majority of material witnesses and evidence associated with those claims relevant to Sutton's confinement are located in the Northern District of Alabama. Although 2. Attached to the plaintiff's complaint is an affidavit in support of a request for leave to proceed in forma pauperis. However, in light of the April 1996 revisions to 28 U.S.C. 1915 and under the circumstances of this case, this court makes no determination with respect to such request as the assessment and collection of any filing fee should be undertaken by the United States District Court for the Northernn District of Alabama. 2 2 Case 2:06-cv-00352-MEF-SRW Document 3 Filed 04/24/2006 Page 3 of 4 by virtue of their positions as Governor of the State of Alabama, Attorney General for the State of Alabama and Commissioner of the Alabama Department of Corrections, defendants Riley, King and Allen reside in the Middle District of Alabama, they are subject to service of process throughout the state and commonly defend suits in all federal courts of this state. In light of the foregoing, the court concludes that in the interest of justice and for the convenience of the parties this case should be transferred to the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama for review and determination. CONCLUSION Accordingly, it is the RECOMMENDATION of the Magistrate Judge that this case be transferred to the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. 1404. It is further ORDERED that on or before May 3, 2006 the parties may file objections to the Recommendation. Any objections filed must specifically identify the findings in the Magistrate Judge's Recommendation to which the party is objecting. Frivolous, conclusive or general objections will not be considered by the District Court. The parties are advised that this Recommendation is not a final order of the court and, therefore, it is not appealable. Failure to file written objections to the proposed findings and advisements in the Magistrate Judge's Recommendation shall bar the party from a de novo determination by 3 Case 2:06-cv-00352-MEF-SRW Document 3 Filed 04/24/2006 Page 4 of 4 the District Court of issues covered in the Recommendation and shall bar the party from attacking on appeal factual findings in the Recommendation accepted or adopted by the District Court except upon grounds of plain error or manifest injustice. Nettles v. Wainwright, 677 F.2d 404 (5th Cir. 1982). See Stein v. Reynolds Securities, Inc., 667 F.2d 33 (11th Cir. 1982). See also Bonner v. City of Prichard, 661 F.2d 1206 (11th Cir. 1981, en banc), adopting as binding precedent all of the decisions of the former Fifth Circuit handed down prior to the close of business on September 30, 1981. DONE, this 24th day of April, 2006. /s/ Susan Russ Walker SUSAN RUSS WALKER UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 4

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