Davis v. Giles et al (INMATE 1)
ORDERED as follows: (1) Davis's 28 objections are overruled; (2) the 23 Recommendation of the Magistrate Judge is adopted; (3) Davis's petition is denied; (4) this case is dismissed with prejudice. Signed by Honorable William Keith Watkins on 10/7/08. (sl, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT F O R THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA N O R T H E R N DIVISION P E R R Y LANE DAVIS, P e t i t io n e r , v. J .C . GILES, et al., R e s p o n d e n ts . ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )
C A S E NO. 2:06-CV-640-WKW
ORDER O n August 11, 2008, the Magistrate Judge filed a recommendation (Doc. # 23) to d is m is s Petitioner Perry Lane Davis's ("Davis") 28 U.S.C. § 2254 petition for habeas corpus r e lie f . Davis filed objections to the recommendation. (Doc. # 28.) The court reviews de n o v o the portions of the recommendation to which those objections apply. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C). On June 23, 2006, Davis filed a § 2254 petition for habeas corpus relief.1 Section 2 2 5 4 habeas petitions must be filed within one year from "the date on which the judgment b e c am e final by the conclusion of direct review or the expiration of the time for seeking such re v ie w ," 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1)(A), excepting the time during which a "properly filed" p e titio n for a state post-conviction remedy is pending, § 2244(d)(2).2 The Magistrate Judge re c o m m e n d s denying the petition because it violates the one-year limitations period that
The recommendation explains why the filing date is June 23, 2006, as opposed to July 19, 2006.
The other factors for determining the statute of limitations are not applicable in this case. See § 2244(d)(1).
e x p ire d on December 16, 2005 (Doc. # 23, at 13), and because the limitations period has not b e e n tolled by statute or as a matter of equity. (Doc. # 23, at 9, 12.) Davis objects with one c h a lle n g e to the recommendation that the period between December 12, 2005, the date the sta te court dismissed Davis's second post-conviction petition (Doc. # 28 ¶ 2), and the date D a v is was notified of that dismissal five and one-half months later (Doc. # 28 ¶ 3), should b e equitably tolled. (See Doc. # 28 ¶ 3 ("That the five and one half 5[1/2] months petitioner w a s notified after the dismissal should be tolled, due [too] extraordinary circumstances b e yo n d the petitioner control and unavoidable with the exercise or [sic] diligence.")). Even if , however, the court were to grant Davis's request to equitably toll the limitations period f ro m December 12, 2005, to May 10, 2006,3 the date Davis says he was notified, the one-year s ta tu te of limitations still would bar his § 2254 petition. Davis appears not to object to the recommendation's calculation of the limitations p e rio d 's expiration date or the intervening tolling periods. The limitations period began on D e c em b e r 23, 2003, the date the Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals certified final ju d g m e n t. (Doc. # 23, at 12.) Davis filed his first state post-conviction petition 113 days into th e limitations period, on April 15, 2004, which tolled the limitations period until the state c o u rt denied relief on April 8, 2005. (Doc. # 23, at 12.) Davis filed another post-conviction p e titio n on November 9, 2005 (Doc. # 23, at 2), which was dismissed on December 12, 2005
May 10, 2006 is the date Davis gives for the date he was notified of the state-court dismissal, in his response (Doc. # 21) to the court's order to show cause why his petition should not be dismissed as barred by the statute of limitations (Doc. #18). 2
(D o c . # 21 Ex. A). This second petition did not toll the statute of limitations period for filing a § 2254 petition by statute; for a state-court petition to toll the statute of limitations, it must h a v e been "properly filed," § 2254(d)(2), and under state law, Davis's second state postc o n v i c tio n petition was untimely and thus, not "properly filed." (Doc. # 23, at 8.) Because th e second state post-conviction petition did not toll the limitations period, it continued to run d u rin g the period that the petition was pending, and expired on December 16, 2005, four days af ter the state court dismissed the petition. (Doc. # 23, at 13.) Davis's objection, however, is to the recommendation that the limitations period s h o u ld not be equitably tolled. He argues that even if his second state post-conviction p e titio n was not properly filed and failed to toll the limitations period, he had four days b e tw e e n the dismissal of that petition and the limitations period's expiration, and because he d id not receive notice of the dismissal until five and one-half months later, the time period b e tw e en the dismissal and the time he received notice should be tolled, ostensibly for e q u ita b l e reasons.4 (See Doc. # 28 ¶¶ 2-3.) The problem with Davis's argument is that he d id not file his § 2254 petition until June 23, 2006 which was after the limitations period had e x p ire d regardless of whether the court tolls the five and one-half months period. On D e c em b e r 12, 2005, Davis had four days left before the deadline for filing his § 2254 petition
Davis requests tolling "due too [sic] extraordinary circumstances beyond [his] control and unavoidable with the exercise or [sic] diligence." (Doc. # 28 ¶ 3.) Though Davis never used the word "equitable," he referenced the relevant factors for determining whether a court should grant equitable tolling. See, e.g., Drew v. Dep't of Corr., 297 F.3d 1278, 1286-87 (11th Cir. 2002) ("In order to be entitled to the benefit of equitable tolling, a petitioner must act with diligence, and the untimeliness of the filing must be the result of circumstances beyond his control.").
e x p ire d . If the court were to toll the period between December 12, 2005, and May 10, 2006 o n the theory that the state court's alleged failure to notify Davis of the dismissal warranted e q u it a b le tolling a decision the court need not reach the limitations period would have started to run again on May 10, 2006, when Davis allegedly received notice of the state-court d is m is s a l. At that point, Davis had four days the time remaining on the limitations period to file a § 2254 petition. Davis did not file his § 2254 petition until June 23, 2006, and has o f f ere d no reason for the court to toll the period between May 14, 2006, and June 23, 2006. T h u s , upon an independent and de novo determination of that portion of the r e c o m m e n d a tio n to which objection is made, it is ORDERED as follows: 1. 2. 3. D a v is 's objections (Doc. # 28) are OVERRULED. T h e Recommendation of the Magistrate Judge (Doc. # 23) is ADOPTED. D a v is 's habeas corpus petition filed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 is DENIED f o r failing to file within the one-year limitations period set forth in 28 U.S.C. § 2254(d)(1). 4. T h e case is DISMISSED with prejudice.
Done this 7th day of October, 2008. /s/ W. Keith Watkins UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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