Johnson-Price v. State of Alabama et al (CRUM SPIN)
OPINION AND ORDER that plf Laura Johnson-Price's 98 MOTION for Additional Discovery is granted as to the deposition of Mike Galloway and is denied as to all other requests. Signed by Honorable Myron H. Thompson on 3/29/2010. (wcl, )
IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA, NORTHERN DIVISION
LAURA JOHNSON-PRICE, Plaintiff, v. ALABAMA DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN RESOURCES, et al., Defendants.
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CIVIL ACTION NO. 2:07cv568-MHT (WO)
OPINION AND ORDER This matter is before the court on plaintiff Laura Johnson-Price's motion to conduct additional discovery, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(f). For the following
reasons, Johnson-Price's motion will be granted in part and denied in part. This case arises from Johnson-Price's suit charging the Alabama Department of Human Resources (DHR) and DHR Commissioner Nancy Buckner with race discrimination and retaliation in respect to hiring and the terms and
conditions of her employment, and the Alabama Personnel Department (SPD) and SPD Director Jackie Graham with race
discrimination in the allocation of promotions.
asserts each of these claims pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1981 (by and through 42 U.S.C. § 1983) and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, 42 U.S.C. § 1981a, 2000e to 2000e-17. At issue here is Johnson-Price's motion for leave to conduct additional discovery, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(f). The defendants contend that Johnson-Price's
exhibits, submitted in support of her opposition to the defendants' motions for summary judgment, are improperly authenticated Johnson-Price and constitute that inadmissible be allowed hearsay. to take
additional depositions so as to sustain the admissibility of these exhibits. Specifically, she asks to depose
previous DHR Regional Manager Mike Galloway, previous Director of the DHR Civil Rights/Equal Employment Office Sylvester Smith, DHR General Counsel Sharon Ficquette, and the Custodian of Records for the DHR and SPD, in order to obtain evidence controverting the defendants' claims of inadmissibility. 2
Rule 56(f) of the Fed. R. Civ. P. provides, "If a party opposing the motion shows by affidavit that, for specified reasons, it cannot present facts essential to justify its opposition, the court may: (1) deny the motion; (2) order a continuance to enable affidavits to be obtained, depositions to be taken, or other discovery to be undertaken; or (3) issue any other just order." As required by Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(f), Johnson-Price See 10B
filed an affidavit in support of her motion.
Wright, Miller & Kane, Federal Practice and Procedure § 2740 (3d ed. 1998) ("Under the rule a party who seeks the protection of subdivision (f) must state by affidavit the reasons why he is unable to present the necessary opposing material."). See also Barfield v. Brierton, 883
F.2d 923, 931 (11th Cir. 1989) ("A party requesting a continuance under this rule must present an affidavit containing respond to specific the facts explaining party's his failure for to
judgment"). In this affidavit, Johnson-Price claims that Galloway will be able to provide evidence that DHR County Director Erin Snowden was "critical of [her] history of 3
filing EEO complaints," pl.'s mot. at 2 (doc. no. 98), which may substantiate Johnson-Price's claims of unlawful retaliation. She also maintains that the testimonies of
both Smith and the Custodian of Records are necessary to address the defendants' recently raised objections to the plaintiff's exhibits, numbers 34 and 35, which JohnsonPrice wishes to admit into evidence as authenticated DHR business records. Finally, Johnson-Price requests the
opportunity to depose defense witness Ficquette, as her declaration was submitted by the defendants after the close of the original discovery period. In considering the requested relief, the court
recognizes that "rule 56(f) is infused with a spirit of liberality," Wallace v. Brownell Pontiac-GMC Company
Inc., 703 F.2d 525, 527 (11th Cir. 1983), and the court has the discretion to overlook technical deficiencies if Johnson-Price presents compelling reasons for deposing Galloway, Sylvester, Ficquette, and the DHR Custodian of Records.
The court finds there are such compelling reasons to allow Johnson-Price to depose Galloway. If Galloway does
corroborate Johnson-Price's allegations, she may be able to overcome the defendants' motions for summary judgment and establish a genuine issue of material fact as to her retaliation claims. However, as to Johnson-Price's other discovery requests, even presuming the admissibility of the aforementioned exhibits, she has failed to show "a genuine issue for trial." other words, neither Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(e). testimony nor In the
admission of exhibits 34 and 35 will materially augment her allegations of racial discrimination or make a
substantive difference in the analysis of the merits of the suit. Consequently, Johnson-Price's motion to
conduct additional discovery pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(f) is granted only to the extent that she may conduct a deposition of Galloway. All other requests for
additional discovery are denied.
Johnson-Price's motion for additional discovery (doc. no. 98) is granted as to the deposition of Mike Galloway and is denied as to all other requests. DONE, this the 29th day of March, 2010. /s/ Myron H. Thompson UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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