Charest v. Alabama Board of Pardons & Paroles et al (INMATE 2)
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS of the Mag Judge that: (1) plf's 33 MOTION for class Certification be DENIED; and (2) this case be referred back to the undersigned for further proceedings; Objections to R&R due by 2/26/2008. Signed by Judge Susan Russ Walker on 2/8/08. (djy, )
Charest v. Williams et al (INMATE 2)
Page 1 of 3
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA NORTHERN DIVISION ____________________________ PATRICK JOSEPH CHAREST, #182 262 Plaintiff, v. SIDNEY WILLIAMS, et al., Defendants. ____________________________ * * * * * 2:07-CV-984-MHT (WO)
RECOMMENDATION OF THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE Before the court is Plaintiff's request for class certification of this action. The court construes the request as a motion to certify class under Rule 23, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Upon consideration of the motion to certify case as a class action, the court concludes that this motion is due to be denied. In this 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action, the pro se inmate Plaintiff challenges the policies and procedures associated with parole eligibility, parole suitability, and parole consideration, which he maintains are unconstitutional. Plaintiff seeks to represent the interests of other inmates denied parole. Plaintiff cannot adequately represent the interests of the putative class. Among the requirements which litigants must meet in order to maintain an action as a class action is that a class representative must "fairly and adequately protect the interests of the class." Rule 23(a)(4), Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. While a pro se litigant may bring his own claims
Page 2 of 3
to federal court, he may not litigate the claims of others. See 28 U.S.C. § 1654.1 The competence of a layman is "clearly too limited to allow him to risk the rights of others." Oxendine v. Williams, 509 F.2d 1405, 1407 (4th Cir.1975); see also Hummer v. Dalton, 657 F.2d 621, 623 (4th Cir. 1981); Ethnic Awareness Organization v. Gagnon, 568 F.Supp. 1186, 1187 (E.D. Wis. 1983); Inmates, Washington County Jail v. England, 516 F. Supp. 132, 144 (E.D. Tenn. 1980). The court also finds that, with respect to the claims presented in the instant action, the prosecution of separate civil actions will not create a risk of inconsistent or varying adjudications with respect to any general claims for relief. Rule 23(b)(1)(A), Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Additionally, the questions of fact common to proposed class members do not predominate over such questions affecting projected individual members. Rule 23(b)(3), Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. See also Inmates, Washington County Jail, 516 F. Supp. at 144 (denying pro se plaintiffs' request to certify action as a class action and finding that "any declaratory relief granted . . . would likely inure to the benefit of other similarly-situated individuals" even without granting the request to certify case as a class action). Thus, Plaintiff's motion to certify this case as a class action is due to be denied. Accordingly, it is the RECOMMENDATION of the Magistrate Judge that: 1. Plaintiff's motion for class certification (Doc. No. 33) be DENIED; and 2. This case be referred back to the undersigned for further proceedings.
28 U.S.C. § 1654 provides:
In all courts of the United States the parties may plead and conduct their own cases personally or by counsel as, by the rules of such courts, respectively, are permitted to manage and conduct causes therein.
Page 3 of 3
It is further ORDERED that on or before February 21, 2008 the parties may file objections to the Recommendation. Any objections filed must specifically identify the findings in the Magistrate Judge's Recommendation to which a party objects. Frivolous, conclusive or general objections will not be considered by the District Court. The parties are advised that this Recommendation is not a final order of the court and, therefore, it is not appealable. Failure to file written objections to the proposed findings and advisements in the Magistrate Judge's Recommendation shall bar the party from a de novo determination by the District Court of issues covered in the Recommendation and shall bar the party from attacking on appeal factual findings in the Recommendation accepted or adopted by the District Court except upon grounds of plain error or manifest injustice. Nettles v.
Wainwright, 677 F.2d 404 (5th Cir. 1982). See Stein v. Reynolds Securities, Inc., 667 F.2d 33 (11th Cir. 1982). See also Bonner v. City of Prichard, 661 F.2d 1206 (11th Cir. 1981, en banc), adopting as binding precedent all of the decisions of the former Fifth Circuit handed down prior to the close of business on September 30, 1981. DONE, this 8th day of February, 2008.
/s/ Susan Russ Walker SUSAN RUSS WALKER UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?