Dees et al v. Colonial BancGroup, Inc. et al (LEAD)
OPINION AND ORDER directing as follows: (1) The Public Pension Fund Group's 82 Motion to Appoint Lead Plaintiff and Lead Counsel is granted; (2) The Public Pension Fund Group is appointed lead plf; Labaton Sucharow LLP is appointed lead counsel; and Thomas, Means, Gillis & Seay, PC is appointed liaison counsel; (3) The Parker-McGiffert Group's 76 Motion for Appointment of Lead Plaintiff and Lead Counsel is denied. Signed by Honorable Myron H. Thompson on 5/7/2009. (wcl, )
IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA, NORTHERN DIVISION
EARL & PATRICIA DEES, etc., et al., Plaintiffs, v. COLONIAL BANCGROUP, INC; et al., Defendants.
) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )
CIVIL ACTION NOS. 2:09cv104-MHT 2:09cv112-MHT 2:09cv129-MHT 2:09cv132-MHT 2:09cv124-MHT 2:09cv148-MHT 2:09cv149-MHT (WO)
OPINION AND ORDER This case is before the court on motions to appoint lead plaintiff and lead counsel filed by the Public Pensions Group. Fund Group (PPFG) and the Parker-McGiffert
For the reasons that follow, PPFG's motion will
be granted and Parker-McGiffert's motion denied. 1. related The PSLRA provides that, after consolidating actions, the court should, as soon as
practicable, serve as
appoint the "most adequate plaintiff" to plaintiff. The statute creates a
"presumption" that the most adequate plaintiff is the
person or group that (a) has either filed the complaint or made a motion in response to a notice, (b) has the largest financial interest in the case, and (c) otherwise meets the adequacy and typicality requirements of Rule 23(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procure. § 78u-4(a)(3)(B)(ii). 15 U.S.C.
PPFG has shown that it meets all First, it filed a timely Second, PPFG
three of these requirements.
motion for appointment as lead plaintiff.
has submitted affidavits demonstrating that, throughout the class period, it allegedly suffered the greatest financial losses: approximately $ 1,756,214. Finally,
PPFG has shown that it meets the typicality and adequacy requirements of Rule 23(a), which will be discussed at greater length below. 2. Although a number of parties initially moved for
appointment as lead plaintiff, all but PPFG and ParkerMcGiffert have either withdrawn their motions or have conceded that PPFG has the greatest financial interest and is the presumptive lead plaintiff. In fact, Stephen
Duncan and Wilson Knott, short-class plaintiffs in a position similar to that of Parker-McGiffert, expressly "support" PPFG's bid to become lead plaintiff. 3. Parker-McGiffert has argued that (a) PPFG should not be lead plaintiff because it is barred as a
"professional plaintiff" and (b) Parker-McGiffert should be named as co-lead plaintiff because PPFG does not have a sufficient interest in the to "short-class" fairly and or "TARP
represent those plaintiffs. unavailing. (a) The PSLRA
Both of these arguments are
"professional plaintiffs" serving as lead plaintiffs. Section 78u-4(a)(3)(B)(vi) provides: "Restrictions on professional plaintiffs Except as the court may otherwise permit, consistent with the purposes of this section, a person may be a lead plaintiff, or an officer, director, or fiduciary of a lead plaintiff, in no more than 5 securities class actions brought as plaintiff class actions
pursuant to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure during any 3-year period." Parker-McGiffert argues that, because the Arkansas
Teacher Retirement System (ATRS), one of the members of PPFG, has served as lead plaintiff in at least eight cases within the last three years, PPFG should be banned from serving as lead plaintiff in this case. This argument, however, fails in several respects. First, the PSLRA's restrictions on "professional This court has
plaintiffs" are clearly not mandatory.
the discretion to "permit" a party to serve as lead plaintiff, even where it exceeds the 5-in-3 restriction. Second, although the statute does not define
"professional plaintiff," it is clear that neither ATRS nor PPFG is the kind of plaintiff that Congress meant to restrict. that the The Congressional Conference Report explains restriction on professional plaintiffs was
designed to target "professional plaintiffs who own a nominal number of shares in a wide array of public companies[,]" and thereby "permit lawyers readily to file 4
abusive securities class action lawsuits."
Rep. No. 104-369 at 32 (1995), as reprinted in 1995 U.S.C.C.A.N. 730 at 731. These plaintiffs often pursue cases simply because of the "bounty" or "bonus" they may receive and in Id many at cases 732. "do But not even are read not the the
characteristics of large institutional investors, such as PPFG or ATRS, who often hold significant positions in companies and invest for the return, not the "bounty." In fact, the Conference Report clarifies that, "The
Conference Committee believes that increasing the role of institutional investors in class actions will ultimately benefit shareholders and assist courts by improving the quality of representation in securities class actions." Id. at 733. Therefore, investors the Report to serve explains, as lead
plaintiff may need to exceed this limitation and do not represent legislation the type to of professional As plaintiff a result, this the
Conference Committee grants courts discretion to avoid 5
the unintended consequence of disqualifying institutional investors from serving more than five times in three years." Id. at 734.
Accordingly, courts have consistently utilized their discretion to allow institutional investors to serve as lead plaintiffs, even where they may have served in more than five cases within the previous three years. See,
e.g., Kuriakose v. Fed. Home Loan Mortgage Co., 2008 WL 4974839 at *8 (S.D.N.Y. 2008) (Keenan, J.) (determining that institutional investors are "not subject to the PSLRA's strict ban on `professional plaintiffs' who have served as lead plaintiff in more than five class actions in the previous three-year period"); Smith v. Suprema Specialties, Inc., 206 F. Supp. 2d 627, 641 (D. N.J. 2002) (Walls, J.) ("The majority of courts that have considered this issue have determined that the
limitations do not apply to institutional investors."). This court will follow suit and exercise its discretion to allow PPFG to serve as lead plaintiff in this case.
(b) Parker-McGiffert also argues that, because PPFG purchased only a small amount of Colonial stock after the alleged TARP misrepresentation on December 2, 2008, it does not have a sufficient interest in pursuing the TARP misrepresentation claims and fails to satisfy the
typicality and adequacy requirements of Rule 23(a). Parker-McGiffert therefore asks to be named as co-lead plaintiff on the TARP misrepresentation claims. Once
again, the case law weighs against Parker-McGiffert's request. First, the structure of PSLRA, and the need to
appoint a lead plaintiff early in the litigation, creates a "statutory presumption that one lead plaintiff can vigorously pursue all available causes of action against all possible defendants under all available legal
Aronson v. McKesson HBOC, Inc., 79 F. Supp.
2d 1146, 1151 (N.D. Cal. 1999) (Whyte, J.). Second, PPFG's claims satisfy the typicality and adequacy requirements. "A class representative must
possess the same interest and suffer the same injury as 7
the class members in order to be typical under Rule 23(a)(3)." Cooper v. Southern Co., 390 F.3d 695, 713 (11th Cir. 2004). PPFG is a large institutional investor
that bought and sold stocks throughout the class period. It asserts injuries caused by the spectrum of alleged misrepresentations in this case; its interests and claims are typical. The adequacy requirement "encompasses two separate inquiries: (1) whether any substantial conflicts of
interest exist between the representatives and the class; and (2) whether the the representatives Valley Drug will Co. adequately v. Geneva
Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 350 F.3d 1181, 1189 (11th Cir. 2003). "Significantly, the existence of minor conflicts alone will not defeat a party's claim to class
certification: the conflict must be a fundamental one going to the specific issues in controversy." Id.
(quotations omitted). Parker-McGiffert has not provided proof of an actual conflict but has only suggested that a potential or 8
theoretical conflict may arise. Such potential conflicts between different class members, who purchased and sold stock at different times within the class period, will frequently exist, but courts have consistently held that these potential conflicts are outweighed by the common interest liability. of the class in proving the defendant's
See, In re Enron Corp. Sec. Litig., 529 F.
Supp. 2d 644, 714 (S.D. Tex. 2006) (Harmon, J.); In re Honeywell Int'l Inc. Sec. Litig., 211 F.R.D. 255, 261 (D. N.J. 2002) (Debevoise, despite J.) (approving conflicts, complex class are
representative "present in
case"); In re Vesta Ins. Group, Inc., Sec. Litig., 1999 WL 34831475 at *4 (N.D. Ala. 1999) (Acker, J.) ("There will always be theoretical intra-class conflicts ... [but] the court believes that the overriding goal of the class, and of its representatives, will virtually always be to demonstrate liability of the defendant."). As
such, Parker-McGiffert has failed to demonstrate the existence of any substantial conflict. 9 Likewise, as PPFG
misrepresentations, the court has no reason to believe that PPFG will not adequately prosecute the action. 4. lead This order addresses only the establishment of a and lead counsel. Should an actual
conflict materialize in this case, nothing in this order prevents Parker-McGiffert or any one else from bringing this conflict to the attention of the court for relief appropriate under the PSLRA. 5. Finally, as to the appointment of lead counsel, the PSLRA establishes merely that, "The most adequate plaintiff shall, subject to the approval of the court, select and retain counsel to represent the class." § 78u-4(a)(3)(B)(v). PPFG has selected Labaton Sucharow
LLP as lead counsel and Thomas, Means, Gillis & Seay, P.C. as liaison counsel. The court has reviewed the
information provided concerning Labaton Sucharow and is confident that it has both the experience and the means to direct this complex securities litigation. The court
Accordingly, it is hereby ORDERED as follows: (1) The Public Pension Fund Group's motion to appoint lead plaintiff and lead counsel (doc. no. 82) is granted. (2) The Public Pension Fund Group is appointed lead plaintiff; counsel; Labaton Sucharow Means, LLP is & appointed Seay, lead is
appointed liaison counsel. (3) The Parker-McGiffert Group's motion for
appointment of lead plaintiff and lead counsel (doc. no. 76) is denied. DONE, this the 7th day of May, 2009. /s/ Myron H. Thompson UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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