Holt v. Boyd et al (INMATE2)
ORDER and REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS that 2 Motion for Leave to Proceed In Forma Pauperis is DENIED; and it is the RECOMMENDATION of the Magistrate Judge that this case be DISMISSED without prejudice for Plaintiff's failure to pay the full filing fee upon the initiation of this case. Objections to R&R due by 6/12/2009. Signed by Honorable Susan Russ Walker on 5/29/2009. (cb, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA NORTHERN DIVISION _____________________________ JOE DANIEL HOLT, JR., #240 463 Plaintiff, v. LOUIS BOYD, WARDEN, et al., Defendants. _____________________________ * * * * * 2:09-CV-426-WHA (WO)
ORDER AND RECOMMENDATION OF THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE On May 12, 2009, Plaintiff, a state inmate incarcerated at the Easterling Correctional Facility located in Clio, Alabama, filed an application for leave to proceed in forma pauperis. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a). Pursuant to the directives of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g), a prisoner is not allowed to bring a civil action or proceed on appeal in forma pauperis if he "has, on 3 or more occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury."1
In Rivera v. Allin, 144 F.3d 719, 731 (11th Cir. 1998), the Court determined that the "three strikes" provision of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g), which requires frequent filer prisoner indigents to prepay the entire filing fee before federal courts may consider their cases and appeals, "does not violate the First Amendment right to access the courts; the separation of judicial and legislative powers; the Fifth Amendment right to due process of law; or the Fourteenth Amendment right to equal protection, as incorporated through the Fifth Amendment."
The undersigned takes judicial notice of federal court records2 which establish that Plaintiff, while incarcerated or detained, has had on at least three occasions civil actions and/or appeals dismissed as frivolous, malicious, for failure to state a claim and/or for asserting claims against defendants who were immune from suit pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 1915. The cases on which the court relies in finding a violation of § 1915(g) include: (1) Holt v. Baker, et al., Civil Action No. 7:07-CV-33-LSC (N.D. Ala. 2007) (complaint and appeal frivolous); (2) Holt v. Limestone County Sheriff's Dept., et al., Civil Action No. 2:08-CV-1364-RDP (N.D. Ala. 2008) (complaint frivolous); (3) Holt v. Glenn, Civil Action No. 2:08-1393-WMA (N.D. Ala. 2009) (complaint frivolous); (4) Holt v. Valls, et al., Civil Action No. 2:08-1483-KOB (N.D. Ala. 2008) (complaint and appeal frivolous). In the instant action, Plaintiff complains that he is being denied access to the courts. Specifically, Plaintiff contends that "federal" mail addressed to him and contained in 10"x13" manila envelopes is being rejected at the prison because the envelopes fail to meet institutional mail requirements with regard to size. (Doc. No. 1 at 2-3.) "General allegations that are not grounded in specific facts which indicate that serious physical injury is imminent are not sufficient to invoke the exception to § 1915(g)." Niebla v. Walton Correctional Inst., 2006 WL 2051307, *2 (N.D.Fla. July 20, 2006) (citing Martin v. Shelton, 319 F.3d 1048, 1050 (8th Cir. 2003). "The plaintiff must allege and provide specific fact allegations of ongoing serious physical injury, or a pattern of misconduct
Available at http://pacer.uspci.uscourts.gov/.
evidencing the likelihood of imminent serious physical injury, and vague allegations of harm and unspecific references to injury are insufficient." Id. (citing Martin, supra, and White v. State of Colorado, 157 F.3d 1226, 1231 (10th Cir. 1998) (internal quotations omitted). The "imminent danger" exception is available "for genuine emergencies," where "time is pressing" and "a threat . . . is real and proximate."Lewis v. Sullivan, 279 F.3d 526, 531 (7th Cir. 2002) The court has carefully reviewed the claims presented in the instant action. Even construing all allegations in favor of Plaintiff, his claims in this complaint do not entitle him to avoid the bar of § 1915(g) because they do not allege nor in any way indicate that he was " under imminent danger of serious physical injury" at the time he filed this cause of action as is required to meet the imminent danger exception to the application of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). Medberry v. Butler, 185 F.3d 1189 (11th Cir. 1999). Plaintiff's displeasure with the prison's requirements and restrictions concerning incoming mail is not the type of serious injury that has been recognized by the courts as entitling him to avoid the bar of § 1915(g). See, e.g., Brown v. Johnson, 387 F.3d 1344, 1349 (11th Cir. 2004). Based on the foregoing, the court concludes that Plaintiff's motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis is due to be denied and this case dismissed without prejudice for Plaintiff's failure to pay the requisite $350.00 filing fee upon the initiation of this cause of action. Dupree v. Palmer, 284 F.3d 1234, 1236 (11th Cir. 2002) (emphasis in original) ("[T]he proper procedure is for the district court to dismiss the complaint without prejudice when it denies the prisoner leave to proceed in forma pauperis pursuant to the provisions of
§ 1915(g)" because the prisoner "must pay the filing fee at the time he initiates the suit."). CONCLUSION In light of the foregoing, it is ORDERED that the motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis filed by Plaintiff on May 12, 2009 (Doc. No. 2) is DENIED. It is the RECOMMENDATION of the Magistrate Judge that this case be DISMISSED without prejudice for Plaintiff's failure to pay the full filing fee upon the initiation of this case. It is further ORDERED that the parties shall file any objections to this Recommendation on or before June 12, 2009. Any objections filed must specifically identify the findings in the Magistrate Judge's Recommendation to which a party objects. Frivolous, conclusive or general objections will not be considered by the District Court. The parties are advised that this Recommendation is not a final order of the court and, therefore, it is not appealable. Failure to file written objections to the proposed findings and advisements in the Magistrate Judge's Recommendation shall bar the party from a de novo determination by the District Court of issues covered in the Recommendation and shall bar the party from attacking on appeal factual findings in the Recommendation accepted or adopted by the District Court except upon grounds of plain error or manifest injustice. Nettles v.
Wainwright, 677 F.2d 404 (5th Cir. 1982). See Stein v. Reynolds Securities, Inc., 667 F.2d 33 (11th Cir. 1982). See also Bonner v. City of Prichard, 661 F.2d 1206 (11th Cir. 1981) (en
banc), adopting as binding precedent all of the decisions of the former Fifth Circuit handed down prior to the close of business on September 30, 1981. DONE, this 29th day of May 2009.
/s/ Susan Russ Walker SUSAN RUSS WALKER CHIEF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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