Taylor v. Franklin et al (INMATE2)

Filing 3

ORDER AND RECOMMENDATION OF THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE that the 2 Motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis be denied. It is the Recommendation of the Magistrate Judge that this case be dismissed without prejudice for plaintiff's failure to pay the full filing fee upon the initiation of this case. Objections to R&R due by 7/22/2009. Signed by Honorable Charles S. Coody on 7/9/09. (sl, )

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IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA NORTHERN DIVISION _____________________________ MARSHALL TAYLOR, Plaintiff, v. SHERIFF BILL FRANKLIN, et al., Defendants. _____________________________ * * * * * 2:09-CV-580-ID (WO) ORDER AND RECOMMENDATION OF THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE On June 13, 2009, Plaintiff, an inmate incarcerated at the Elmore County Jail located in Wetumpka, Alabama, filed an application for leave to proceed in forma pauperis. See 28 U.S.C. 1915(a).1 Pursuant to the directives of 28 U.S.C. 1915(g), a prisoner is not allowed to bring a civil action or proceed on appeal in forma pauperis if he "has, on 3 or more occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury."2 Although the present complaint and motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis were stamped "filed" in this court on June 22, 2009, the complaint and IFP request were signed by Plaintiff on June 13, 2009. A pro se inmate's complaint is deemed filed the date it is delivered to prison officials for mailing. Houston v. Lack, 487 U.S. 266, 271-272 (1988); Adams v. United States, 173 F.3d 1339, 1340-41 (11th Cir. 1999); Garvey v. Vaughn, 993 F.2d 776, 780 (11th Cir. 1993). "Absent evidence to the contrary in the form of prison logs or other records, [this court] must assume that [the instant complaint and IFP request ] w[ere] delivered to prison authorities the day [Taylor] signed [them] . . ." Washington v. United States, 243 F.3d 1299, 1301 (11th Cir. 2001). In light of the foregoing, the court considers June 13, 2009 as the date of filing. In Rivera v. Allin, 144 F.3d 719, 731 (11th Cir. 1998), the Court determined that the "three strikes" provision of 28 U.S.C. 1915(g), which requires frequent filer prisoner indigents to prepay the entire filing 2 1 DISCUSSION The undersigned takes judicial notice of federal court records3 which establish that Plaintiff, while incarcerated or detained, has on at least three occasions had civil actions and/or appeals dismissed as frivolous, malicious, for failure to state a claim and/or for asserting claims against defendants who were immune from suit pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. 1915. The cases on which the court relies in finding a violation of 1915(g) include: (1) Taylor v. Prattville Police Department, Civil Action No. 2:00-CV-379-WHA (M.D. Ala. 2000) (frivolous); (2) Taylor v. Wardworth, et al., Civil Action No. 2:07-CV-281WKW (M.D. Ala. 2007) (frivolous); and (3) Taylor v. Carroll's Radiator Service, et al., Civil Action No. 2:08-CV-496-MEF (M.D. Ala. 2008) (frivolous). In the instant action, Plaintiff complains that the named defendants, Sheriff Bill Franklin and the Staton Correctional Facility, are holding him in jail on a sentence he has completed. Plaintiff further complains that he is being inhibited from doing maintenance work around his home and that the Prattville Police Department is threatening him and pulling guns on him. (Doc. No. 1.) "General allegations that are not grounded in specific facts which indicate that serious physical injury is imminent are not sufficient to invoke the exception to 1915(g)." Niebla fee before federal courts may consider their cases and appeals, "does not violate the First Amendment right to access the courts; the separation of judicial and legislative powers; the Fifth Amendment right to due process of law; or the Fourteenth Amendment right to equal protection, as incorporated through the Fifth Amendment." 3 Available at http://pacer.uspci.uscourts.gov/. -2- v. Walton Correctional Inst., 2006 WL 2051307, *2 (N.D.Fla. July 20, 2006) (citing Martin v. Shelton, 319 F.3d 1048, 1050 (8th Cir. 2003). "The plaintiff must allege and provide specific fact allegations of ongoing serious physical injury, or a pattern of misconduct evidencing the likelihood of imminent serious physical injury, and vague allegations of harm and unspecific references to injury are insufficient." Id. (citing Martin, supra, and White v. State of Colorado, 157 F.3d 1226, 1231 (10th Cir. 1998) (internal quotations omitted). The "imminent danger" exception is available "for genuine emergencies," where "time is pressing" and "a threat . . . is real and proximate."Lewis v. Sullivan, 279 F.3d 526, 531 (7th Cir. 2002) The court has carefully reviewed the claims presented in the instant action. Even construing all allegations in favor of Plaintiff, his claims in this complaint do not entitle him to avoid the bar of 1915(g) because they do not allege nor in any way indicate that he was " under imminent danger of serious physical injury" at the time he filed this cause of action as is required to meet the imminent danger exception to the application of 28 U.S.C. 1915(g). Medberry v. Butler, 185 F.3d 1189 (11th Cir. 1999). Based on the foregoing, the court concludes that Plaintiff's motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis is due to be denied and this case dismissed without prejudice for Plaintiff's failure to pay the requisite $350.00 filing fee upon the initiation of this cause of action. Dupree v. Palmer, 284 F.3d 1234, 1236 (11th Cir. 2002) (emphasis in original) ("[T]he proper procedure is for the district court to dismiss the complaint without prejudice when it denies the prisoner leave to proceed in forma pauperis pursuant to the provisions of -3- 1915(g)" because the prisoner "must pay the filing fee at the time he initiates the suit."). CONCLUSION In light of the foregoing, it is ORDERED that the motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis filed by Plaintiff on June 13, 2009 (Doc. No. 2) is DENIED. It is the RECOMMENDATION of the Magistrate Judge that this case be DISMISSED without prejudice for Plaintiff's failure to pay the full filing fee upon the initiation of this case. It is further ORDERED that the parties shall file any objections to this Recommendation on or before July 22, 2009. Any objections filed must specifically identify the findings in the Magistrate Judge's Recommendation to which a party objects. Frivolous, conclusive or general objections will not be considered by the District Court. The parties are advised that this Recommendation is not a final order of the court and, therefore, it is not appealable. Failure to file written objections to the proposed findings and advisements in the Magistrate Judge's Recommendation shall bar the party from a de novo determination by the District Court of issues covered in the Recommendation and shall bar the party from attacking on appeal factual findings in the Recommendation accepted or adopted by the District Court except upon grounds of plain error or manifest injustice. Nettles v. Wainwright, 677 F.2d 404 (5th Cir. 1982). See Stein v. Reynolds Securities, Inc., 667 F.2d 33 (11th Cir. 1982). See also Bonner v. City of Prichard, 661 F.2d 1206 (11th Cir. 1981) (en -4- banc), adopting as binding precedent all of the decisions of the former Fifth Circuit handed down prior to the close of business on September 30, 1981. Done this 9th day of July, 2009. /s/Charles S. Coody CHARLES S. COODY UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE -5-

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