Hedges v. United States of America(INMATE 3)
ORDER directing that (1) Mr. Hedges's 66 objections are OVERRULED; (2) Mr. Hedges's 66 motion in the alternative for post-hearing briefing and argument is DENIED; and (3) The 62 Recommendation that Mr. Hedges's 28 U.S.C. § 2255 motion be DENIED, because the claims therein entitle him to no relief, is ADOPTED, and this case is due to be DISMISSED with prejudice, as further set out. Signed by Chief Judge William Keith Watkins on 6/20/12. (scn, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
BRADLEY STEPHEN HEDGES,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
) CASE NO. 2:09-CV-1000-WKW
On March 6, 2012, the Magistrate Judge filed a recommendation that this case
be dismissed because Petitioner Bradley Stephen Hedges’s 28 U.S.C. § 2255 claims
do not entitle him to relief. (Doc. # 62.) Mr. Hedges objected to the recommendation.
(Doc. # 66.) The portions of the recommendation to which a party objects are
reviewed de novo. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1).
A de novo review of the record and law confirms that the recommendation
(Doc. # 62) is due to be adopted and the objections overruled. Mr. Hedges has made
four objections to the report: (1) that the recommendation did not address his claim
that his counsel was ineffective for failing to appeal his sentence despite being
requested to do so, (2) that Mr. Hedges’s attorney was ineffective because he failed
to fully investigate his client’s mental and emotional condition and to call witnesses
on mitigating factors, (3) that Mr. Hedges’s attorney did not sufficiently argue
grounds for a downward departure, and (4) that Mr. Hedges’s attorney failed to object
to errors in the Presentence Investigation Report. Each objection to the Report and
Recommendation shall be dealt with in turn.
The Magistrate Judge had the opportunity to take evidence and testimony from
Mr. Hedges and Mr. Hawthorne, the petitioner’s former attorney, during an
evidentiary hearing that was held on February 16, 2012.
The Report and
Recommendation contained factual findings by the Magistrate Judge from the
evidentiary hearing. Mr. Hedges does not object to the specific factual findings of the
Magistrate Judge, but does object to the legal conclusions drawn from the facts.1
Mr. Hedges first objection is to the Magistrate Judge’s finding that Mr. Hedges
did not reasonably demonstrate an interest in appealing.
As indicated in the
Recommendation, Mr. Hedges claimed that the only time he explicitly discussed an
appeal with his attorney, Mr. Hawthorne, was immediately after the sentencing
hearing, when, he says, he told Mr. Hawthorne to file an appeal. However, the
Magistrate Judge did not find Mr. Hedges’s testimony in this regard to be credible.
This finding is well-supported and is adopted. In his objections, Mr. Hedges now
While the heading of one of Mr. Hedges’s arguments is that he objects to “the factual
findings that Attorney James [sic] consulted with Petitioner” (Doc. # 66 at 2) regarding his
appeal, Mr. Hedges does not actually argue that the Magistrate Judge made findings of fact that
were erroneous but instead argues that other evidence should be given more weight and a
different conclusion should have been drawn from the totality of the facts presented.
maintains that his statement during his sentencing hearing, wherein he indicated that
he had been “told by [his] lawyer and everything else” that the probation office and
the government did not object to his placement under house arrest, sufficed as a
demonstration of his interest in appealing his sentence. However, this statement does
not rise to the level of an expression of his interest in appealing. A desire to appeal
cannot be inferred from the surrounding circumstances, because there were no
non-frivolous grounds for appeal and Mr. Hedges’s plea agreement forfeited his right
to appeal a guideline sentence. Mr. Hedges received a guideline sentence adopting all
of the government’s sentencing recommendations embodied in the plea agreement.
A rational defendant in Mr. Hedges’s position would not have been interested in
appealing, which furthers the presumption that Mr. Hedges did not request an appeal.
See Roe v. Flores–Ortega, 528 U.S. 470, 480 (2000).
Mr. Hedges received a favorable sentence, at the low end of the applicable
guideline range, pursuant to a negotiated plea agreement. The guideline sentence
adopted all of the government’s sentencing recommendations embodied in the plea
In the context of these facts, Mr. Hedges’s statement during the
sentencing hearing that he believed there would be no objection to house arrest cannot
be construed as a reasonable demonstration of his interest in appealing, and did not
trigger any obligations by his counsel. Therefore, Mr. Hedges’s first objection is due
to be overruled.
Mr. Hedges’s second, third, and fourth objections challenge findings regarding
mitigating evidence that petitioner maintains should have been sought out, admitted
and argued by his counsel. For each of these objections, in order to be entitled to
relief, Mr. Hedges must demonstrate that “there is a reasonable probability that, but
for counsel’s unprofessional errors, the result of the proceeding would have been
different.” Darden v. Wainwright, 477 U.S. 168, 184 (1986). Mr. Hedges must
demonstrate an error by counsel that kept out information that had a reasonable
probability of altering the outcome of the sentencing hearing.
Mr. Hedges’s second objection reasserts his claim that Mr. Hawthorne failed
to conduct a reasonable investigation into his mental and emotional condition. He
maintains that his attorney failed to investigate and introduce all the evidence that
would have bolstered his duress or coercion motion for downward departure.
However, there is no basis for the contention that mitigating evidence was ignored by
counsel or the court. The facts alleged by Mr. Hedges in his § 2255 motion regarding
his personal history do not suggest his particular vulnerability to the influences of
others or present compelling grounds to interpret his conduct as coerced, rather than
as resulting from his own independent choices. Nor did Mr. Hedges demonstrate a
documented history of serious mental or emotional issues, either at his sentencing or
afterward in his § 2255 motion. In fact, at the change of plea hearing, he averred that
he had not been treated for any mental illness. Mr. Hedges’s second objection fails
to point to evidence that would have led to a different outcome on his motion for a
downward departure, and is due to be overruled.
Mr. Hedges’s third objection is that counsel did not sufficiently argue grounds
for a downward departure. This objection is largely cumulative of his second
objection. Mr. Hedges argues that counsel was ineffective for not admitting evidence
along the lines contained in the affidavits filed by his mother and sister. However, the
Magistrate Judge found in his Recommendation that the matters asserted in these
affidavits did not bolster Mr. Hedges’s claim that he should receive a duress or
coercion downward departure. In his objections, Mr. Hedges also points to a
document from Mikie McBride that includes references to “positive information”
about Mr. Hedges. There is no indication that McBride’s information would have
bolstered a duress or coercion motion for downward departure. Mr. Hedges also
points to a note from his mother forwarding information about an individual who
purportedly could have provided information about Mr. Hedges’s co-defendant’s
propensity toward violence. However, Mr. Hedges presented nothing indicating that
this individual would have, or could have, provided information to this effect, or that
it would have altered the outcome of the sentencing. The third objection is due to be
Mr Hedges’s fourth objection reasserts his claims about deficiencies in the
Presentence Investigation Report and his counsel’s failure to object to such
deficiencies. None of the errors or omissions alleged in the PSR remotely rise to the
level of prejudice, much less the level of prejudice required to prevail on a § 2255
motion. The fourth objection is due to be overruled.
Mr. Hedges received the most favorable guideline sentence available, a
sentence at the bottom of the applicable advisory guideline range. Mr. Hedges has
failed to demonstrate that additional unconsidered information existed that would have
established a reasonable probability that the sentencing court would have departed
downwards from a sentence at the bottom of the guidelines. None of the points raised
by Mr. Hedges suggests that the outcome would have been different, regardless of any
alleged deficiencies in his counsel’s performance. Mr. Hedges has not presented any
grounds to show that he is entitled to relief on his § 2255 motion.
it is ORDERED that:
Mr. Hedges’s objections (Doc. # 66) are OVERRULED;
Mr. Hedges’s motion in the alternative for post-hearing briefing and
argument (Doc. # 66 at 2) is DENIED; and
The Recommendation (Doc. # 62) that Mr. Hedges’s 28 U.S.C. § 2255
motion be DENIED, because the claims therein entitle him to no relief, is ADOPTED,
and this case is due to be DISMISSED with prejudice. An appropriate final judgment
will be entered.
DONE this 20th day of June, 2012.
/s/ W. Keith Watkins
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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