Simmons v. Cummins et al (INMATE1)

Filing 6

REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION of the Magistrate Judge that: 1) The 1 28 USC 2254 Petition for Habeas Corpus Relief filed by Dallas Levon Simmons on 10/28/2009 be DENIED; 2) This cause of action be DISMISSED in accordance with the provisions of 28 USC 2 244(b)(3)(A) as Simmons has failed to obtain the requisite order from the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals authorizing this court to consider his successive habeas application; Objections to R&R due by 1/29/2010. Signed by Honorable Charles S. Coody on 1/15/2010. (wcl, )

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IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA NORTHERN DIVISION DALLAS LEVON SIMMONS, #180081, Petitioner, v. JOHN CUMMINS, et al., Respondents. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) CASE NO. 2:10-CV-28-ID [WO] RECOMMENDATION OF THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE This case is pending before the court on a 28 U.S.C. 2254 petition for habeas corpus relief filed by Dallas Levon Simmons ["Simmons] on October 28, 2009. In this petition, Simmons challenges convictions for attempted murder, first degree kidnapping, shooting into an occupied vehicle and reckless endangerment imposed upon him in 1994 by the Circuit Court of Covington County, Alabama. DISCUSSION A review of the records of this court establishes that Simmons filed a previous habeas petition pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. 2254 in which he challenged the convictions made the basis of the instant petition. Simmons v. Hightower, et al., Case No. 2:99-CV-877-ID-CSC (M.D. Ala. 1999). In this prior habeas action, the court denied Simmons relief from his 1994 Covington County convictions as he failed to file such petition within the one-year period of limitation established by 28 U.S.C. 2244(d)(1). "Before a second or successive application permitted by this section is filed in the district court, the applicant shall move in the appropriate court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider the application." 28 U.S.C. 2244(b)(3)(A). "A motion in the court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider a second or successive application shall be determined by a three-judge panel of the court of appeals" and may be granted "only if [the assigned panel of judges] determines that the application makes a prima facie showing that the application satisfies the requirements of [28 U.S.C. 2244(b)(2)]." 28 U.S.C. 2244(b)(3)(B) and (C). Although this court dismissed Simmons' prior habeas action on statute of limitations grounds, such dismissal constitutes an adjudication on the merits for the purposes of invoking the second or successive requirements of 28 U.S.C. 2244(b)(3). Jordan v. Secretary, Dept. of Corrections, 485 F.3d 1351, 1353 (11th Cir. 2007) (requiring petitioner to obtain order from appellate court prior to filing second or successive 2254 petition after first habeas petition was dismissed as untimely); Hutcherson v. Riley, 468 F.3d 750, 755 (11th Cir. 2006) (after failed, untimely 2254 petition, petitioner must "satisfy the requirements under 28 U.S.C. 2244(b)" in order to receive requisite authorization from appellate court to file successive habeas petition in district court); Murray v. Grenier, 394 F.3d 78, 81 (2nd Cir. 2005) ("[D]ismissal of a 2254 petition for failure to comply with the one-year statute of limitations constitutes an adjudication on the merits that renders future petitions under 2254 challenging the same conviction `second of successive' petitions...."); Altman v. Benik, 337 F.3d 764, 766 (7th Cir. 2 2003) (previous 2254 petition dismissed as untimely constitutes a prior application adjudicated on the merits "because a statute of limitations bar is not a curable technical or procedural deficiency but rather operates as an irremediable defect barring consideration of the ... substantive claims[,]" and. therefore, the petitioner needs the appellate "court's permission to file another petition."); Garrett v. Quarterman, 2008 WL 2168808 (N.D. Tex. 2008) (dismissal of previous habeas petition as untimely is the type of procedural ruling that renders later-filed habeas petition successive.); Motley v. Sullivan, 2008 WL 938952 (N.D. Cal. 2008) (when prior habeas petition is dismissed as untimely, petitioner must first obtain permission from appropriate appellate court prior to filing a second or successive petition); Bridaewawter v. Scriben, 2007 WL 2262760 (S.D. Cal. 2007) (dismissal of prior habeas petition as untimely renders subsequent petition challenging same conviction second or successive); Reyes v. Vaughn, 276 F.Supp.2d 1027, 1029 (C.D. Cal. 2003) (dismissal of petition on limitations grounds "is considered an adjudication of the merits for purposes of determining whether a petition is successive under [28 U.S.C. 2244(b)]."). It is clear from the pleadings filed herein that Simmons has not received an order from a three-judge panel of the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals authorizing this court to consider a successive application for habeas relief. "Because this undertaking [is Simmons'] second habeas corpus petition and because he had no permission from [the Eleventh Circuit] to file a second habeas petition, ... the district court lack[s] jurisdiction to grant the requested relief." Gilreath v. State Board of Pardons and Paroles, 273 F.3d 932, 933 (11th Cir. 2001). 3 Consequently, the present petition for habeas corpus relief is due to be denied and this case summarily dismissed. Id. at 934. CONCLUSION Accordingly, it is the RECOMMENDATION of the undersigned Magistrate Judge that: 1. The 28 U.S.C. 2254 petition for habeas corpus relief filed by Dallas Levon Simmons on October 28, 2009 be DENIED. 2. This cause of action be DISMISSED in accordance with the provisions of 28 U.S.C. 2244(b)(3)(A) as Simmons has failed to obtain the requisite order from the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals authorizing this court to consider his successive habeas application.1 It is further ORDERED that on or before January 29, 2010 the parties may file objections to the Recommendation. Any objections filed must specifically identify the findings in the Magistrate Judge's Recommendation to which the party is objecting. Frivolous, conclusive or general objections will not be considered by the District Court. The parties are advised that this Recommendation is not a final order of the court and, therefore, it is not appealable. The court notes that any habeas claims the petitioner seeks to present are likewise subject to the one-year period of limitation contained in 28 U.S.C. 2244(d)(1). Moreover, the court finds that there are no circumstances present in this case which "entitle [Simmons] in the interest of justice to transfer [pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1631] or stay ... because the limitations period had already expired before he filed" the instant habeas action. Guenther v. Holt, 173 F.3d 1328, 1330-1331 (11th Cir. 1999). 1 4 Failure to file written objections to the proposed findings and advisements in the Magistrate Judge's Recommendation shall bar the party from a de novo determination by the District Court of issues covered in the Recommendation and shall bar the party from attacking on appeal factual findings in the Recommendation accepted or adopted by the District Court except upon grounds of plain error or manifest injustice. Nettles v. Wainwright, 677 F.2d 404 (5th Cir. 1982). See Stein v. Reynolds Securities, Inc., 667 F.2d 33 (11th Cir. 1982). See also Bonner v. City of Prichard, 661 F.2d 1206 (11th Cir. 1981, en banc), adopting as binding precedent all of the decisions of the former Fifth Circuit handed down prior to the close of business on September 30, 1981. Done this 15th day of January, 2010. /s/Charles S. Coody CHARLES S. COODY UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 5

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