Federated Mutual Insurance Company v. Eternal Services, Inc. et al
OPINION AND ORDER; it is therefore the ORDER, JUDGMENT, and DECREE of the court that the plf has until 3/12/2010, to amend its amended complaint to allege jurisdiction sufficiently; otherwise this lawsuit shall be dismissed without prejudice. Signed by Honorable Myron H. Thompson on 2/18/2010. (wcl, )
IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA, NORTHERN DIVISION
FEDERATED MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY Plaintiff, v. ETERNAL SERVICES, INC., a corporation, et al., Defendants.
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CIVIL ACTION NO. 2:10cv64-MHT (WO)
OPINION AND ORDER The allegations of the plaintiff's amended complaint are insufficient to invoke this court's jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1332. To invoke jurisdiction based on
diversity, a complaint must distinctly and affirmatively alleged each party's citizenship. McGovern v. American
Airlines, Inc., 511 F. 2d 653, 654 (5th Cir. 1975) (per curiam). 1
1. In Bonner v. City of Prichard, Ala., 661 F.2d 1206, 1209 (11th Cir. 1981) (en banc), the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals adopted as binding precedent all of the decisions of the former Fifth Circuit handed down prior to the close of business on September 30, 1981.
28 U.S.C. § 1332(c) provides that a corporation shall be deemed a citizen, first, of all States by which it has been incorporated and, second, of the State where it has To invoke jurisdiction
its principal place of business.
based on diversity in a case in which a corporation is a party, it is thus necessary to allege distinctly and affirmatively all the States by which the corporation has been incorporated and the State in which the corporation has its principal place of business. American Motorists
Ins. Co. v. American Employers' Ins. Co., 600 F.2d 15, 16 and n.1 (5th Cir. 1979) (per curiam). The plaintiff's
complaint fails to allege sufficiently the citizenship of corporate defendants Eternal Services, Inc. and Forest Hills Memorial Park, L.L.C. In addition, the plaintiff's amended complaint fails to meet § 1332's requirements because the complaint gives the "residence" rather than the "citizenship" of
defendants Robert Lonsdale and Susan Broadway (to the extent she has been sued individually). An allegation
that a party is a "resident" of a State is not sufficient to establish that a party is a "citizen" of that State. Delome v. Union Barge Line Co., 444 F.2d 225, 233 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 404 U.S. 995 (1971). The amended complaint is also insufficient because it does not indicate what type of entity plaintiff Federated Mutual Insurance Company is and thus it does not
adequately indicate its citizenship. corporation, then the complaint
If the entity is a must allege the
citizenship of both the State of incorporation and where the corporation has its principal place of business. 28
U.S.C. § 1332(c)(2); American Motorist Insur. Co. v. American Employers' Insur. Co., 600 F.2d 15, 16 & n. 1 (5th Cir. 1979) (per curiam). If the entity is a
partnership, the complaint must indicate the citizenship of the individual partners, both general and limited. Carden v. Arkoma Associates, 494 U.S. 185 (1990). If the
entity is an unincorporated association, the complaint must indicate the citizenship of each and every one of
Xaros v. U.S. Fidelity and Guar. Co., 820 If the entity is a
F.2d 1176, 1181 (11th Cir. 1987).
limited liability company, the complaint must allege "[t]he citizenships of all members of the limited
liability company." Rolling Greens MHP, L.P. v. Comcast SCH Holdings L.L.C., 374 F.3d 1020, 1022 (11 Cir. 2004).2 (And if the entity consists of several entities, the complaint must reflect the citizenship, or citizenships, of each and every entity based on the nature of that entity.) Finally, the plaintiff has sued defendant Susan
Broadway in her capacity as personal representative for the estate of a decedent. "[T]he legal representative of
the estate of a decedent shall be deemed to be a citizen only of the same State as the decedent ...." § 1332(c)(2). 28 U.S.C.
Because the complaint sets forth only the
citizenship of the personal representative and not that 2. If Forest Hills Memorial Park, L.L.C. is really just a "company" and not a corporation, then the complaint should be amended to reflect its citizenship as a limited liability company. 4
adequately to assume
jurisdiction of this matter. It is therefore the ORDER, JUDGMENT, and DECREE of the court that the plaintiff has until March 12, 2010, to amend its amended complaint to allege jurisdiction
sufficiently; otherwise this lawsuit shall be dismissed without prejudice. DONE, this the 18th day of February, 2010.
/s/ Myron H. Thompson UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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