Edward v. Astrue
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER granting 20 MOTION for Attorney Fees; AWARDING plf fees in the amount of $1,218.75. Signed by Honorable Judge Charles S. Coody on 1/27/12. (djy, )
IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
AUDREY EDWARD, o/b/o J.P.,
MICHAEL J. ASTRUE,
Commissioner of Social Security,
CIVIL ACTION NO. 2:10cv165-CSC
MEMORANDUM OPINION and ORDER
On November 8, 2011, the plaintiff filed a motion for attorney’s fees pursuant to the
Equal Access to Justice Act (EAJA), 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d). (Doc. # 20). The Commissioner
objects to an award of fees because his “position was substantially justified.” (Def’s Res.,
doc. # 22, at 1).
On behalf of her minor son, J.P.,1 Smith applied for and was denied supplemental
security income benefits by the Commissioner. After her application was denied, she sought
judicial review in this court. On August 12, 2011, the court concluded that the ALJ erred as
a matter of law and remanded the case for further proceedings.
A Social Security disability claimant is a prevailing party entitled to seek EAJA fees
when the claimant obtains a remand for reconsideration of her case by the Commissioner.
See Shala v. Schaefer, 509 U.S. 292, 300-01 (1993). Thus, the plaintiff is a prevailing party.
Under the EAJA, the court “shall award” attorney’s fees “unless the court finds that
Pursuant to the E-Government Act of 2002, as amended on August 2, 2002, and M.D. Ala.
General Order No. 2:04mc3228, the court has redacted the plaintiff’s minor child’s name throughout this
opinion and refers to him only by his initials, J.P.
the position of the United States was substantially justified or that special circumstances
make an award unjust.” 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A). See also Gisbrecht v. Barnhart, 535
U.S. 789, 796 (2002). “The government’s position is substantially justified under the EAJA
when it is justified to a degree that would satisfy a reasonable person - i.e. when it has a
reasonable basis in both law and fact. The government bears the burden of showing that its
position was substantially justified.” United States v. Douglas, 55 F.3d 584, 588 (11th Cir.
1995) (quoting Pierce v. Underwood, 487 U.S. 552, 565 (1988).
It has long been the law of this circuit that the ALJ has an obligation to fully and fairly
develop the record. Kelley v. Heckler, 761 F.2d 1538 (11th Cir. 1985). In fact, an ALJ plays
a “crucial role in the disability review process” and has a duty to “develop a full and fair
record” and to “carefully weigh the evidence, giving individualized consideration to each
claim.” Miles v. Chater, 84 F.3d 1397, 1401 (11th Cir. 1996) (per curiam). The court
concluded that although the ALJ “heavily relied on the medical expert, [he] remarkably
ignored that expert’s entreaties about needing updated records. The ALJ’s failure to secure
the updated medical records and provide them to the medical expert for his review and
opinion was error.” Because the ALJ failed to comply with the legal requirement that he
properly develop the record and secure the requisite medical records necessary to fulfill his
obligations under the law, the ALJ committed legal error requiring a remand for further
proceedings. Thus, the Commissioner’s position in this litigation did not have a reasonable
basis in law. Pierce requires that the government’s position be reasonable both in fact and
law to be substantially justified.
The Commissioner argues that the plaintiff is not entitled to fees because “[t]he
Commission had a reasonable basis in law and fact for his position that Plaintiff’s
nonexertional impairments did not erode the occupational base.” (Def’s Res., doc. # 22, at
3). Not only does the defendant’s articulation of the issue miss the mark, the arguments
presented by the Commissioner merely rehash his arguments in support of the ALJ’s
determination. The court remanded the case because the ALJ failed in his duty to properly
develop the record. The Court reminds the Commissioner that “Social Security proceedings
are inquisitorial rather than adversarial. It is the ALJ’s duty to investigate the facts and
develop the arguments both for and against granting benefits.” Sims v. Apfel, 530 U.S. 103,
The SSA is perhaps the best example of an agency that is not based to a
significant extent on the judicial model of decisionmaking. It has replaced
normal adversary procedure with an investigatory model, where it is the duty
of the ALJ to investigate the facts and develop the arguments both for and
against granting benefits; review by the Appeals Council is similarly broad.
Id. The regulations also make the nature of the SSA proceedings quite clear.
They expressly provide that the SSA “conducts the administrative review
process in an informal, nonadversary manner.” 20 C.F.R. § 404.900(b).
Crawford & Co. v. Apfel, 235 F.3d 1298, 1304 (11th Cir. 2000).
Consequently, the ALJ failed to comply with the legal requirements that he fully
develop the record which is especially egregious after his medical expert noted several times
that as the medical expert, he needed updated information to form a reasoned opinion.
Because the ALJ failed to get that information, the Commissioner’s position was not
reasonable in law and was not substantially justified. The plaintiff is entitled to an award of
fees under EAJA.
The plaintiff seeks fees in the amount of $1,218.75. The Commissioner does not
challenge any of the hours expended by counsel as unreasonable nor does he challenge the
hourly rate. Accordingly, upon consideration of the motion, and for good cause, it is
ORDERED that the motion for attorney’s fees (doc. # 20) be and is hereby
GRANTED and the plaintiff be and is hereby AWARDED fees in the amount of $1,218.75.2
Done this 27th day of January 2012.
/s/Charles S. Coody
CHARLES S. COODY
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A) authorizes the court to award fees to the prevailing party. See 28
U.S.C. § (d)(2)(B). On June 14, 2010, the United States Supreme Court decided Astrue v. Ratliff, —
S.Ct. —, 2010 WL 2346547 (2010) in which the Court unambiguously held that attorney’s fees are
awarded to the prevailing litigant, not to prevailing litigant’s attorney. See also Reeves v. Astrue, 526
F.3d 732, 738 (11th Cir. 2008) (“attorney’s fees are awarded to the prevailing party, not to the prevailing
party's attorney.”). Thus, fees are awarded directly to the plaintiff.
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