Raley v. Astrue (CONSENT)
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Honorable Judge Wallace Capel, Jr on 6/21/12. (djy, )
IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
MICHAEL J. ASTRUE,
Commissioner of Social Security,
CIVIL ACTION NO. 2:11cv555-WC
Plaintiff, Karen Raley, applied for disability insurance benefits under Title II of
the Social Security Act (“the Act”), 42 U.S.C. §§ 401 et seq., and supplemental security
income payments under Title XVI of the Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 1381 et seq.. Her application
was denied at the initial administrative level. Plaintiff then requested and received a
hearing before an Administrative Law Judge (“ALJ”). Following the hearing, the ALJ
issued a decision in which he found Plaintiff not disabled at any time through the date of
his decision. Tr. 18. The Appeals Council rejected Plaintiff’s request for review of the
ALJ’s decision. Tr. 1-5. Thus, the ALJ’s decision became the final decision of the
Commissioner of Social Security (“Commissioner”).1 See Chester v. Bowen, 792 F.2d
Pursuant to the Social Security Independence and Program Improvements Act of 1994, Pub. L.
No. 103-296, 108 Stat. 1464, the functions of the Secretary of Health and Human Services with
129, 131 (11th Cir. 1986). Plaintiff sought judicial review, and this court remanded the
case for further administrative proceedings.
On September 10, 2012,
Plaintiff received a second administrative hearing before the ALJ. Tr. 313-47. On
October 25, 2010, the ALJ again issued an unfavorable decision after the second hearing.
Tr. 296-308. On June 30, 2011, the Appeals Council considered Plaintiff’s request for
review of the ALJ’s October 25, 2010 decision and stated that it “found no reason under
[the Appeals Council’s] rules to assume jurisdiction.” Tr. 265-68. The ALJ’s October
25, 2010 decision consequently became the final decision of the Commissioner. The case
is now before the court for review under 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §
636(c), both parties have consented to the conduct of all proceedings and entry of a final
judgment by the undersigned United States Magistrate Judge.
Pl.’s Consent to
Jurisdiction (Doc. #10); Def.’s Consent to Jurisdiction (Doc. #9). Based on the court’s
review of the record and the briefs of the parties, the court AFFIRMS the decision of the
STANDARD OF REVIEW
Under 42 U.S.C. § 423(d)(1)(A), a person is entitled to disability benefits when
the person is unable to
engage in any substantial gainful activity by reason of any medically
determinable physical or mental impairment which can be expected to
respect to Social Security matters were transferred to the Commissioner of Social Security.
result in death or which has lasted or can be expected to last for a
continuous period of not less than 12 months.
42 U.S.C. § 423(d)(1)(A).2
To make this determination, the Commissioner employs a five-step, sequential
evaluation process. See 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520, 416.920 (2006).
(1) Is the person presently unemployed?
(2) Is the person’s impairment severe?
(3) Does the person’s impairment meet or equal one of the specific
impairments set forth in 20 C.F.R. Pt. 404, Subpt. P, App. 1? [the Listing of
(4) Is the person unable to perform his or her former occupation?
(5) Is the person unable to perform any other work within the economy?
An affirmative answer to any of the above questions leads either to the next
question, or, on steps three and five, to a finding of disability. A negative
answer to any question, other than step three, leads to a determination of
McDaniel v. Bowen, 800 F.2d 1026, 1030 (11th Cir. 1986).3
The burden of proof rests on a claimant through Step 4. See Phillips v. Barnhart,
357 F.3d 1232, 1237-39 (11th Cir. 2004). A claimant establishes a prima facie case of
qualifying disability once they have carried the burden of proof from Step 1 through Step
4. At Step 5, the burden shifts to the Commissioner, who must then show there are a
A “physical or mental impairment” is one resulting from anatomical, physiological, or
psychological abnormalities which are demonstrable by medically acceptable clinical and
laboratory diagnostic techniques.
McDaniel v. Bowen, 800 F.2d 1026 (11th Cir. 1986), is a supplemental security income case
(SSI). The same sequence applies to disability insurance benefits. Cases arising under Title II
are appropriately cited as authority in Title XVI cases. See, e.g., Ware v. Schweiker, 651 F.2d
408 (5th Cir. 1981).
significant number of jobs in the national economy the claimant can perform. Id.
To perform the fourth and fifth steps, the ALJ must determine the claimant’s
Residual Functional Capacity (RFC). Id. at 1238-39. RFC is what the claimant is still
able to do despite his impairments and is based on all relevant medical and other
evidence. Id. It also can contain both exertional and nonexertional limitations. Id. at
1242-43. At the fifth step, the ALJ considers the claimant’s RFC, age, education, and
work experience to determine if there are jobs available in the national economy the
claimant can perform. Id. at 1239. To do this, the ALJ can either use the Medical
Vocational Guidelines4 (grids) or call a vocational expert (VE). Id. at 1239-40.
The grids allow the ALJ to consider factors such as age, confinement to sedentary
or light work, inability to speak English, educational deficiencies, and lack of job
experience. Each factor can independently limit the number of jobs realistically available
to an individual. Phillips, 357 F.3d at 1240. Combinations of these factors yield a
statutorily-required finding of “Disabled” or “Not Disabled.” Id.
The court’s review of the Commissioner’s decision is a limited one. This court
must find the Commissioner’s decision conclusive if it is supported by substantial
evidence. 42 U.S.C. § 405(g); Graham v. Apfel, 129 F.3d 1420, 1422 (11th Cir. 1997).
“Substantial evidence is more than a scintilla, but less than a preponderance. It is such
relevant evidence as a reasonable person would accept as adequate to support a
See 20 C.F.R. pt. 404 subpt. P, app. 2.
conclusion.” Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S. 389, 401 (1971). See also Crawford v.
Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 363 F.3d 1155, 1158 (11th Cir. 2004) (“Even if the evidence
preponderates against the Commissioner’s findings, [a reviewing court] must affirm if the
decision reached is supported by substantial evidence.”). A reviewing court may not look
only to those parts of the record which support the decision of the ALJ, but instead must
view the record in its entirety and take account of evidence which detracts from the
evidence relied on by the ALJ. Hillsman v. Bowen, 804 F.2d 1179 (11th Cir. 1986).
[The court must] . . . scrutinize the record in its entirety to determine the
reasonableness of the [Commissioner’s] . . . factual findings. . . . No
similar presumption of validity attaches to the [Commissioner’s] . . . legal
conclusions, including determination of the proper standards to be applied
in evaluating claims.
Walker v. Bowen, 826 F.2d 996, 999 (11th Cir. 1987).
Plaintiff was awarded disability benefits as of February 11, 2008 based on a
Thus, the limited issue before the ALJ during this second
hearing on September 15, 2010 was whether Plaintiff established disability from the
alleged onset date of February 17, 2005 through February 10, 2008. Tr. 298; 316.
Plaintiff was forty-seven years old at the time of the second hearing before the
ALJ. Tr. 325. Plaintiff graduated high school and has a two-year associate’s degree in
drafting and design.
Plaintiff’s past relevant work experience was as a
“technical support specialist,” “receptionist,” and “drafter.” Tr. 338. Following the
administrative hearing, and employing the five-step process, the ALJ found Plaintiff “did
not engage in substantial gainful activity during the period from her alleged onset date of
February 17, 2005 through February 10, 2008.” (Step 1) Tr. 18. At Step 2, the ALJ
found that Plaintiff suffers from the following severe impairment: “bilateral carpal tunnel
syndrome status post surgical release.” Tr. 298. The ALJ then found that “[t]hrough
February 10, 2008, [Plaintiff] did not have an impairment or combination of impairments
that met or medically equaled one of the listed impairments.” (Step 3) Tr. 300. Next, the
ALJ found that:
through February 10, 2008, [Plaintiff] had the residual functional capacity
to perform less than the full range of light work . . . . Specifically, she
could not perform handling or fingering in a repetitive fashion. She could
no more than occasionally perform reaching.
Tr. 300. The ALJ then found that Plaintiff is unable to perform any past relevant work.
(Step 4) Tr. 306. At Step 5, the ALJ found that, “through February 10, 2008, considering
[Plaintiff’s] age, education, work experience, and residual functional capacity,” and after
consulting with a VE, “[Plaintiff] was capable of making a successful adjustment to other
work that existed in significant numbers in the national economy.” Tr. 308. After
consulting with the VE, the ALJ identified the following occupations as examples:
“office helper,” information clerk,” and “parking lot attendant.” Tr. 307. Accordingly,
the ALJ determined that Plaintiff “was not under a disability . . . at any time from
February 17, 2005, the alleged onset date, through February 10, 2008.” Tr. 308.
Plaintiff presents several issues for this court’s consideration in review of the
ALJ’s decision: 1) whether “[t]he RFC was incorrect and incomplete and should not be
used to determine this case”; 2) whether the ALJ “fail[ed] to realistically discuss
[Plaintiff’s] ability to perform sustained work activities on a regular and continuing basis
. . . in violation of [SSR] 96-8p”; 3) whether the ALJ “fail[ed] to evaluate [Plaintiff’s]
subjective complaints”; and 4) whether the Plaintiff’s rights were violated under the
Privacy Act. Pl.’s Brief (Doc. #12) at 1. The court will address each argument in the
section that follows.
Whether the ALJ properly determined Plaintiff’s RFC.
Plaintiff challenges the ALJ’s RFC determination, arguing that “the ALJ failed to
include the non-exertional limitations imposed by [her] medically determinable
impairments in his RFC findings.” Pl.’s Brief (Doc. #12) at 1.5 The ALJ determined that
Plaintiff had the RFC to perform “less than the full range of light work” with the
“she could not perform handling or fingering in a repetitive
Exertional limitations are defined as those restrictions affecting a person’s ability to meet what
the Social Security Administration considers the seven strength demands of a job: sitting,
standing, walking, lifting, carrying, pushing, and pulling. Social Security Ruling 96-9P, 1996
WL 374185 at *5 (July 2, 1996). Nonexertional limitations, on the other hand, relate to
limitations that affect capacities such as mental abilities, vision, hearing, speech, climbing,
balancing, stooping, kneeling, crouching, crawling, reaching, handling, fingering, and feeling.
fashion” and “[s]he could no more than occasionally perform reaching.”
Defendant contends that the ALJ’s RFC determination was “reasonably determined,
based on a thorough review of all the evidence of record and giving Plaintiff more than
every benefit of doubt.” Def.’s Brief (Doc. #20) at 7.
Plaintiff’s argument that the ALJ did not consider her nonexertional limitations
lacks merit. First, the ALJ placed specific limitations regarding Plaintiff’s ability to
“handle,” “finger,” and “reach,” all of which are nonexertional limitations. See Moore v.
Astrue, 256 F. App’x 330, 332 (11th Cir. 2007) (“Grasping, handling, and fingering are
nonexertional limitations. ‘Handling’ means having the ability to seize, hold, grasp, or
turn an object. ‘Fingering’ means having the ability to pick or pinch.” (citing Social
Security Ruling 85-15 (1984)). See also Social Security Ruling 96-9P, 1996 WL 374185
at *5 (July 2, 1996) (“a nonexertional limitation is an impairment-caused limitation
affecting such capacities as . . . reaching, handling, fingering . . . ”).
Moreover, in reaching his determination regarding Plaintiff’s RFC, the ALJ
accorded great weight to the opinions of Dr. Roland Rivard (“Dr. Rivard”) and Dr.
Donald Brobst (“Dr. Brobst”), finding that both physicians are “certified independent
medical examiners” and “[t]heir conclusions are consistent with and supported by the
substantial evidence contained in the record, particularly their own objective clinical
examination findings and the results of ergometric testing.
Environmental restrictions are also considered to be nonexertional. Id.
Their conclusions are
consistent with one another and are supported by the opinion of [Plaintiff’s] own treating
surgeon who released [Plaintiff] ‘to all activities within her FCE limits.’” Tr. 306.6 The
ALJ noted that in 2005,
Dr. Rivard opined [Plaintiff] could lift no more than 55 pounds at a time
and no more than 30 pounds frequently . . . could carry loads of 30-35
pounds frequently for a short distance. . . . [Plaintiff] had no limitations of
her abilities to reach in any direction or to climb stairs or ladders . . . could
not perform ‘Handling (includes seizing, holding, grasping, and turning[)]’
or ‘Fingering (picking, pinching, or otherwise working with the fingers
primarily)’ continuously and repetitively. He recommended that these
activities be limited to frequent for the upper right extremity.
Tr. 305. The ALJ also noted that in 2006, “Dr. Brobst recommended that [Plaintiff’s]
work restrictions for lifting, carrying, climbing, and reaching remain the same as those
recommended by Dr. Rivard” and further opined that Plaintiff “could not perform
‘handling (includes seizing, holding, grasping, and turning)’ continuously or repetitively
with either extremity” and that Plaintiff “could not perform ‘fingering (picking, pinching,
or otherwise working with the fingers primarily)’ repetitively and continuously.” Tr.
305-06. Given this medical evidence, the court finds the ALJ properly found Plaintiff
“was unable to perform handling or fingering in a repetitive fashion during the relevant
time period,” as the RFC adopts the limitations recommended by both Dr. Rivard and Dr.
Brobst during the relevant time period. Tr. 306.7 Moreover, the ALJ further restricted
See Gibson v. Heckler, 762 F.2d 1516, 1518 (11th Cir. 1985) (the ALJ may rely on opinions of
an examining physician).
The court finds that Plaintiff’s argument that the ALJ failed to consider the limitations imposed
Plaintiff’s RFC stating “in consideration of her pain complaints, the [ALJ] has further
limited [Plaintiff’s] [RFC] to lifting and carrying no more than 20 pounds at a time or 10
pounds frequently and no more than occasional reaching.” Id.
Plaintiff challenges the RFC arguing that the ALJ failed to account for all her
limitations. Specifically, Plaintiff asserts that she has further limitations than those
indicated in her RFC because “the ALJ could see that [she] wore corrective lenses at the
hearing” and asserts she has “a hard time telling the difference between some colors.”
Tr. 299.8 A review of the ALJ’s decision shows he addressed Plaintiff’s complaints
about her vision including her assertion that while her vision has not been checked since
2004, “[she] know[s] they’re worse.” Id. However, the ALJ noted that Plaintiff “did not
describe any functional limitations related to her vision, and she did not allege that her
vision is not treatable through corrective eyeglasses. The medical record contains no
evidence of a visual impairment.” Id. Thus, the ALJ properly addressed and discounted
Plaintiff’s alleged visual limitations due to the lack of objective evidence.
by her carpal tunnel syndrome and tendonitis lacks merit as: 1) the ALJ determined Plaintiff’s
carpal tunnel was a severe impairment during the relevant time period; and 2) he included
handling, fingering, and reaching limitations consistent with the medical evidence of record. As
to Plaintiff’s alleged chronic tendonitis, the record is devoid of any objective medical evidence
establishing any limitations due to this alleged impairment.
Plaintiff does not indicate whether she suffered her alleged visual impairments during the
relevant time period.
Plaintiff further challenges the ALJ’s RFC determination contending that she had
environmental limitations for which the ALJ did not account. Plaintiff asserts that on
January 13, 2005, “Dr. Samuelson told [her] to ‘avoid vibratory tools and any items as
such.’” Pl.’s Brief (Doc. #12) at 2.9 She further contends that “No one has ever asked
[her] about cold, heat, vibrations, etc. So how can any or no limitations be decided upon?
Any loud or strong fumes gives me a headache.” Pl.’s Brief (Doc. #12) at 2. However,
as Defendant correctly points out “there is no suggestion in the record that these alleged
impairments resulted in any significant functional limitations.” Def.’s Brief (Doc. #20) at
The court also notes that a Physical RFC assessment completed by a medical
consultant in August 2006, indicated Plaintiff had no visual or environmental limitations.
Tr. 177-78. The assessment further stated “[Plaintiff] has some residuals as addressed in
the RFC. However they are not of a severity as described. Her ADLs show she had few
limitations.” Tr. 179. Because there is no evidence on the record to support Plaintiff’s
alleged environmental limitations, this argument lacks merit.
Finally, Plaintiff seems to argue that the ALJ’s RFC determination is erroneous
because the VE indicated that she was able to perform her past relevant work and she
A review of this medical evidence reveals that on the date Plaintiff alleges Dr. Samelson made
this statement, his reflect that he had released her back to work on “light duty.” Tr. 460.
Moreover, Dr. Samelson placed the vibration restrictions only until a functional capacities
evaluation was performed. Tr. 460; 240. On February 10, 2005, Dr. Samelson released Plaintiff
“to all activities within her FCE limits” and indicated he would send those limits “to her
employer.” Tr. 244. Thus, the medical evidence fails to establish Dr. Samelson placed further
restrictions than those accounted for by the ALJ, who determined Plaintiff “had the [RFC] to
asserts that “all these jobs required frequent use of hands and fingers which [she is] now
unable to do.” Pl.’s Brief (Doc. #12) at 2. However, the ALJ’s decision clearly indicates
that he “has given [Plaintiff] the benefit of the doubt and finds that the demands of her
past relevant work exceed the residual functional capacity.”
argument lacks merit as the ALJ’s decision accepts Plaintiff’s assertion that she cannot
perform her past relevant work.
For the reasons indicated above, the court finds the ALJ did not err in failing to
include restrictions in Plaintiff’s RFC for which the record provides no basis. Because
the ALJ properly included limitations based on the medical evidence of record, the ALJ
properly determined and placed limitations in Plaintiff’s RFC.
Whether the ALJ failed to discuss Plaintiff’s ability to perform sustained
work activities on a regular and continuing basis.
Plaintiff cites to Social Security Ruling 96-8p and argues that the ALJ’s decision
warrants reversal because he failed “to realistically discuss [her] ability to perform
sustained work activities on a regular and continuing basis . . . in violation of Social
Security Ruling 96-8p.” Pl.’s Brief (Doc. #12) at 2. Plaintiff’s argument lacks merit.
Pursuant to SSR 96-8p, an “RFC is an assessment of an individual’s ability to do
sustained work-related physical and mental activities in a work setting on a regular and
continuing basis. A ‘regular and continuing basis’ means 8 hours a day, for 5 days a
perform less than the full range of light work.” Tr. 300.
week, or an equivalent work schedule.” Social Security Ruling 96-8p, 1996 WL 374184,
at *1 (July 2, 1996). Thus, in creating a RFC assessment for Plaintiff, the ALJ has
implicitly reached a determination on whether or not Plaintiff can perform those work
activities during an eight-hour work day.
Whether the ALJ failed to properly evaluate Plaintiff’s subjective
Plaintiff argues that the ALJ failed to properly evaluate her subjective complaints
as set forth in SSR 96-7p and 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1529. Defendant argues that “[Plaintiff’s]
subjective complaints were reasonably discounted because they were inconsistent with
the objective medical evidence of record.” Def.’s Brief (Doc. #20) at 10.
Pursuant to SSR 96-7p and 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1529(c)(4), the ALJ must consider
the consistency of Plaintiff’s subjective complaints, evaluating the subjective complaints
in light of the objective medical evidence, Plaintiff’s own statements, and other evidence
in the record, and offer specific reasons for discrediting Plaintiff’s subjective complaints.
Social Security Ruling 96-7p, 1996 WL 374186, at *1 (July 2, 1996). In evaluating
subjective complaints, the ALJ considers the extent to which symptoms, such as pain,
affect Plaintiff’s ability to perform basic work activities.
In this case, substantial evidence supported the ALJ’s conclusion that “Plaintiff’s
subjective complaints are inconsistent with her self-reported daily activities.” Tr. 301.
For example, the ALJ noted that at her “first hearing on December 4, 2007, [Plaintiff]
testified she felt pain in her hands and arms and that they felt ‘heavy’ . . . that everything
she did aggravated her upper extremities from the elbows down. . . . that her fingers
pulled and stung when she used them. . . . [and] her hands hurt even when she was not
using them.” Tr. 301. However, the ALJ also noted Plaintiff stated “[o]n a ‘good’ day,
she reported she was able to drive approximately 12 miles to town, perform errands, and
drive back.” Id. Furthermore, Plaintiff “described her daily activities as feeding her cat,
making coffee, sitting around the house, doing the housework she could do, washing a
load of clothes, sweeping the floors and straightening up a little bit.” Id. The ALJ also
[i]n 2006, [Plaintiff] described daily activities that were not limited to the
extent one would expect, given the complaints of disabling symptoms and
limitations. On June 29, 2006, [Plaintiff] reported her daily activities
included performing housework and running errands as needed. The
following month, she described performing yard work, such as pulling
weeds from her flowers or garden, with frequent breaks. She stated her
hobbies included crafts, canning, and yard work. She reported she drove
her mother to town. Although [Plaintiff] reported performing tasks for only
thirty-minute intervals, she described cleaning her stove, cleaning her
bathrooms, and sweeping the carpet. She was able to use a light mop,
although she had trouble squeezing it. While she could not operate a push
mower, she was able to cut grass using a riding mower. . . . was able to
shop but relied on a shopping cart to carry her items. She reported
difficulty carrying heavy dishes and ‘bigger items,’ such as dog food or
fertilizer. . . . [and] she drove short distances.
Tr. 302. The ALJ further noted that “clinical findings by [Plaintiff’s] surgeon provide
some support for [Plaintiff’s] allegations of pain but do not support the severity of
limitations she had alleged.” Tr. 302. For example, on January 29, 2007, Plaintiff
reported increased pain on the right hand and more numbness on the left in the ulnar side.
Tr. 302; 192. However, Dr. Samelson’s physical examination on that date revealed “both
hands ha[d] normal grip,” “carpal tunnel, Tinel’s, compression, ulnar, Phalen’s and
cubital tunnel compression or percussion signs were all negative,” her light touch
sensation was intact, there was no obvious hand abnormality, and she exhibited only
“mild lateral epicondylar tenderness bilaterally.”
Tr. 302; 192.
allegations contradict evidence of the effectiveness of the medical treatment she has
received. In short, the court finds the ALJ reasonably discounted Plaintiff’s subjective
complaints and he articulated his reasons for doing so as Plaintiff’s subjective complaints
contradicted her own testimony of her daily activities and the complaints were
inconsistent with the objective medical evidence on the record.
Whether the Plaintiff’s rights were violated under the Privacy Act.
Plaintiff argues that the “Social Security Administration, Appeals Council violated
the Privacy Act by sending [her] information on two other SSA clients, when they sent
[Plaintiff] [her] electronic file.” Pl.’s Brief (Doc. #12) at 1.
Plaintiff’s argument lacks merit. In order to bring a claim under the Privacy Act, 5
U.S.C. § 552a(g)(1)(D):
The plaintiff must demonstrate that: (1) the government failed to fulfill its
record-keeping obligation; (2) the agency acted intentionally or willfully in
failing to perform its obligation; (3) the failure proximately caused an
adverse effect on an individual; and (4) that individual suffered actual
Fanin v. United States Dep’t of Veterans Affairs, 572 F.3d 868, 872 (11th Cir. 2009).
Plaintiff cannot establish a cause of action under the Privacy Act. First, Plaintiff presents
no evidence, nor does she even allege, that the SSA intentionally or willfully sent her
another individual’s information. Moreover, Plaintiff fails to point to any evidence that
could establish that receiving someone else’s information proximately caused an adverse
effect on her and that she has suffered actual damages as a result. While Plaintiff argues
that “[t]his action [sending her someone else’s information] alone deliberately delayed
these proceedings for months, and could have delayed them for years,” Pl.’s Brief (Doc.
#12) at 1, Plaintiff presents no evidence to establish that receiving someone else’s
information did in fact adversely affect her. See Speaker v. United States Dep’t of Health
& Human Servs. Ctrs. for Disease Control & Prevention, 623 F.3d 1371, 1383 (11th Cir.
2010) (“As to the actual damages requirement in element four, this Court has held that
‘actual damages’ as used in the Privacy Act permits recovery only for proven pecuniary
losses and not for generalized mental injuries, loss of reputation, embarrassment or other
Accordingly, Plaintiff cannot establish the necessary
elements to bring a claim under the Privacy Act.
Moreover, Plaintiff lacks standing to bring this claim. As Defendant points out,
“Plaintiff has not shown that her own records were disclosed to another individual
without her consent.” Def.’s Brief (Doc. #20) at 12. Essentially, Plaintiff brings a claim
on behalf of the individuals whose information she received and Plaintiff lacks standing
to do so. See Gladstone, Realtors v. Bellwood, 441 U.S. 91, 100 (1979) (finding that, in
general, a plaintiff “must assert his own legal interests, rather than those of third
parties”); Zanoni v. United States Dep’t of Agric., 605 F. Supp. 2d 230, 235 (D.D.C.
2009) (“To view subsection (g)(1)(D) in isolation of the other sections and to interpret
‘individual’ so broadly to apply it to any citizen of the United States—regardless of
whether they are the subject of the information—is inconsistent with the way the term is
used in other areas of the Privacy Act.”).
Because Plaintiff lacks standing and fails to present any evidence to establish this
claim, Plaintiff is entitled to no relief.10
The court has carefully and independently reviewed the record and concludes that,
for the reasons given above, the decision of the Commissioner is AFFIRMED.
separate judgment will issue.
Plaintiff raises other issues without providing any argument in support. Plaintiff asserts
that “a reversal of the ALJ’s decision is necessary” because the ALJ “fail[ed] to issue a
credibility finding in compliance with the law of the Eleventh Circuit.” Pl.’s Brief (Doc. #12) at
2. The basis of Plaintiff’s argument is unclear. However, Plaintiff’s argument is due to fail as
the ALJ clearly issued credibility findings in this case by reaching a determination on Plaintiff’s
RFC and disability status during the relevant time period.
Plaintiff also asserts that the ALJ “discriminated against [her], and has a personal
vendetta against [her].” Pl.’s Brief (Doc. #12) at 5. Although the regulations require that the
ALJ must not be prejudiced or partial in any way during the hearing, 20 C.F.R. § 404.940; see
also Miles v. Chater, 84 F.3d 1397, 1400-01 (11th Cir.1996), a review of the record does not
reveal that the ALJ was biased. Thus, as Defendant argues “A claim of bias or dishonesty
against an administrative adjudicator must overcome the ‘presumption of honesty and integrity in
adjudicators.’ See Withrow v. Larkin, 421 U.S. 35, 47 (1975)” and “Plaintiff has not met her
burden to overcome th[is] presumption.” Def.’s Brief (Doc. #20) at 11.
Done this 21st day of June, 2012.
/s/ Wallace Capel, Jr.
WALLACE CAPEL, JR.
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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